Cana of Galilee. Holy land photographed by Daniel B. Shepp. 1894

The Gospel of John refers a number of times to a town called Cana of Galilee (Ancient Greek: Κανά της Γαλιλαίας). The name possibly derives from the Hebrew or Aramaic word for reeds.[1]

Written references to Cana

Biblical references

Cana is very positively located in Shepherd's Historical Atlas, 1923: modern scholars are less sure.

Among Christians and other students of the New Testament, Cana is best known as the place where, according to the Fourth Gospel, Jesus performed "the first of his signs", his first public John 2:1–11) when the wine provided by the bridegroom had run out. Although none of the synoptic gospels record the event, mainstream Christian tradition holds that this is the first public miracle of Jesus.[2]

The other biblical references to Cana are also in John: John 4:46, which mentions that Jesus is visiting Cana when he is asked to heal the son of a royal official at John 21:2, where it is mentioned that Nathanael (sometimes identified with the Bartholomew included in the synoptic gospels' lists of apostles) comes from Cana. The 17:9) named Cana – neither is likely to be the Cana of Galilee.[3]

Other references

In secular history, the annals of Assyrian king Tiglath-Pileser III, who conquered the Galilee in a 733 BC campaign, contain a badly preserved list of cities [4] which had been thought to mention a certain Kana.[5][6] It relates 650 captives were taken there. However, a revised transliteration revealed the one well-preserved syllable to be Ku, not Ka.[7]

Flavius Josephus mentions more than one place named Cana;[1][8] in the context of the Galilee there are two mentions in his Life: one is a place on the road from Iulias,[9] and the other is a place where he resided, about a day's walk from Tiberias.[1][10]

Other Languages
беларуская: Кана Галілейская
brezhoneg: Kana
català: Canà
čeština: Kána
dansk: Kana
Ελληνικά: Κανά
galego: Caná
Bahasa Indonesia: Kana, Galilea
italiano: Cana
日本語: カナ (聖書)
português: Caná
српски / srpski: Кана Галилејска
українська: Кана Галілейська
اردو: قانا