Cambridgeshire

Cambridgeshire
County
Cambridgeshire Flag.svgCoat of arms of Cambridgeshire County Council
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: Corde Uno Sapientes Simus
("With one heart let us be wise")
Cambridgeshire within England
Coordinates: 52°20′N 0°0′W / 52°20′N 0°0′W / 52.333; -0.000England
RegionEast of England
Established1 April 1974
Established byLocal Government Act 1972
Preceded byCambridgeshire and Isle of Ely
Huntingdon and Peterborough
OriginAncient
Ceremonial county
Lord LieutenantJulie Spence[1]
High SheriffDr Andrew Harter (2018–19)[2]
Area3,389 km2 (1,309 sq mi)
 • Ranked15th of 48
Population (mid-2017 est.)847,200
 • Ranked28th of 48
Density249/km2 (640/sq mi)
Ethnicity94.6% White
2.6% S.Asian
Non-metropolitan county
County councilCambridgeshire County Council
ExecutiveConservative
Admin HQCambridge
Area3,046 km2 (1,176 sq mi)
 • Ranked15th of 27
Population648,200
 • Ranked18th of 27
Density212/km2 (550/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2GB-CAM
ONS code12
GSS codeE10000003
www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk
Unitary authorities
CouncilsPeterborough City Council
Cambridgeshire Ceremonial Numbered.png
Districts of Cambridgeshire
Unitary County council area
Districts
  1. City of Cambridge
  2. South Cambridgeshire
  3. Huntingdonshire
  4. Fenland
  5. East Cambridgeshire
  6. City of Peterborough
Members of ParliamentList of MPs
PoliceCambridgeshire Constabulary
Time zoneGreenwich Mean Time (UTC)
 • Summer (DST)British Summer Time (UTC+1)

Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs.)[3] is a county in the East of England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the north-east, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. The city of Cambridge is the county town. Modern Cambridgeshire was formed in 1974 as an amalgamation of the counties of Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely and Huntingdon and Peterborough, the former covering the historic county of Cambridgeshire (including the Isle of Ely) and the latter covering the historic county of Huntingdonshire and the Soke of Peterborough, historically part of Northamptonshire. It contains most of the region known as Silicon Fen.

Local government is divided between Cambridgeshire County Council and Peterborough City Council, which, since 1998, forms a separate unitary authority. Under the county council, there are five district councils, Cambridge City Council, South Cambridgeshire District Council, East Cambridgeshire District Council, Huntingdonshire District Council and Fenland District Council.[4]

History

Cambridgeshire is noted as the site of Flag Fen in Fengate, one of the earliest-known Neolithic permanent settlements in the United Kingdom, compared in importance to Balbridie in Aberdeen, Scotland. Must Farm quarry, at Whittlesey has been described as 'Britain's Pompeii due to its relatively good condition, including the 'best-preserved Bronze Age dwellings ever found'. A great quantity of archaeological finds from the Stone Age, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age were made in East Cambridgeshire. Most items were found in Isleham.

Cambridgeshire was recorded in the Domesday Book as "Grantbridgeshire" (or rather Grentebrigescire) (related to the river Granta).

Covering a large part of East Anglia, Cambridgeshire today is the result of several local government unifications. In 1888 when county councils were introduced, separate councils were set up, following the traditional division of Cambridgeshire, for

  • the area in the south around Cambridge, and
  • the liberty of the Isle of Ely.

In 1965, these two administrative counties were merged to form Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely.[5] Under the Local Government Act 1972 this merged with the county to the west, Huntingdon and Peterborough, which had been formed in 1965, by the merger of Huntingdonshire with the Soke of Peterborough (the latter previously a part of Northamptonshire with its own county council). The resulting county was called simply Cambridgeshire.[6]

Since 1998, the City of Peterborough has been a separately administered area, as a unitary authority. It is associated with Cambridgeshire for ceremonial purposes such as Lieutenancy, and joint functions such as policing and the fire service.[7]

In 2002, the conservation charity Plantlife unofficially designated Cambridgeshire's county flower as the Pasqueflower.

The Cambridgeshire Regiment (or Fen Tigers), the county-based army unit, fought in the Boer War of South Africa, the First World War and Second World War.

Due to the county's flat terrain and proximity to the continent, during the Second World War the military built many airfields here for RAF Bomber Command, RAF Fighter Command, and the allied USAAF. In recognition of this collaboration, the Cambridge American Cemetery and Memorial is located in Madingley. It is the only WWII burial ground in England for American servicemen who died during that event.

Most English counties have nicknames for their people, such as a "Tyke" from Yorkshire and a "Yellowbelly" from Lincolnshire. The traditional nicknames for people from Cambridgeshire are "Cambridgeshire Camel" or "Cambridgeshire Crane", referring to the wildfowl that were once abundant in the fens. The term "Fenners" was often applied to those who come from the flat country to the north of Cambridge. Since the late 20th century, this term is considered to be derogatory and has been discouraged in use.

Original historical documents relating to Cambridgeshire are held by Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Cambridgeshire
العربية: كامبريدجشير
aragonés: Cambridgeshire
asturianu: Cambridgeshire
Bân-lâm-gú: Cambridgeshire
беларуская: Кембрыджшыр
български: Кеймбриджшър
brezhoneg: Cambridgeshire
čeština: Cambridgeshire
español: Cambridgeshire
Esperanto: Cambridgeshire
français: Cambridgeshire
Bahasa Indonesia: Cambridgeshire
interlingua: Cambridgeshire
íslenska: Cambridgeshire
italiano: Cambridgeshire
latviešu: Kembridžšīra
Lëtzebuergesch: Cambridgeshire
lietuvių: Kembridžšyras
Mirandés: Cambridgeshire
Nederlands: Cambridgeshire
norsk nynorsk: Cambridgeshire
پنجابی: کیمبرجشائر
português: Cambridgeshire
română: Cambridgeshire
русский: Кембриджшир
Simple English: Cambridgeshire
slovenčina: Cambridgeshire
српски / srpski: Кембриџшир
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Cambridgeshire
Türkçe: Cambridgeshire
українська: Кембриджшир
Tiếng Việt: Cambridgeshire
Volapük: Cambridgeshire
粵語: 劍橋郡
中文: 劍橋郡