|Nickname(s): Pearl from the Pacífic,|
El Primer Puerto (The First Harbor).
Constitutional Provinceof Callao
|• Mayor||Félix Moreno|
|• Total||147.85 km2 (57.09 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
| • ||chalaco/a|
El Callao (
El Callao was founded by Spanish colonists in 1537, just two years after Lima (1535). It soon became the main port for Spanish commerce in the Pacific. The origin of its name is unknown; both Indian (particularly
At the height of the
After the Battle of Ayacucho, 9 December 1824, that sealed the independence of Peru and South America, Spain made futile attempts to retain its former colonies, such as at the Siege of Callao (1826). On 20 August 1836, during the
Callao was never part of the
The province's first mayor was Col. Manuel Cipriano Dulanto.