Calendula

Calendula
Calendula January 2008-1 filtered.jpg
field marigold (Calendula arvensis)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Asterales
Family:Asteraceae
Subfamily:Asteroideae
Supertribe:Asterodae
Tribe:Calenduleae
Genus:Calendula
L.
Species

See text

Calendula (ə/),[1] is a genus of about 15–20 species[2] of annual and perennial herbaceous plants in the daisy family Asteraceae that are often known as marigolds.[3]:771 They are native to southwestern Asia, western Europe, Macaronesia, and the Mediterranean. Other plants are also known as marigolds, such as corn marigold, desert marigold, marsh marigold, and plants of the genus Tagetes.The genus name Calendula is a modern Latin diminutive of calendae, meaning "little calendar", "little clock" or possibly "little weather-glass".[4] The common name "marigold" [4] refers to the Virgin Mary.The most commonly cultivated and used member of the genus is the pot marigold (Calendula officinalis). Popular herbal and cosmetic products named 'calendula' invariably derive from C. officinalis.

Traditional and ancient uses

Calendula species have been used traditionally as culinary and medicinal herbs. The petals are edible and can be used fresh in salads or dried and used to color cheese or as a replacement for saffron. A yellow dye has been extracted from the flowers.[5]

Romans and Greeks used the golden calendula in many rituals and ceremonies, sometimes wearing crowns or garlands made from the flowers. One of its nicknames is "Mary's Gold," referring to the flowers' use in early Catholic events in some countries. Calendula flowers are sacred flowers in India and have been used to decorate the statues of Hindu deities since early times.

Calendula ointments are skin products used to treat minor cuts, burns, and skin irritation.[6]

Other Languages
العربية: بكورية
asturianu: Calendula
azərbaycanca: Gülümbahar
تۆرکجه: گۆلومباهار
башҡортса: Календула
беларуская: Наготкі
български: Невен
català: Calèndula
Cebuano: Calendula
čeština: Měsíček (rod)
dansk: Morgenfrue
Deutsch: Ringelblumen
dolnoserbski: Knochace
Ελληνικά: Καλέντουλα
español: Calendula
euskara: Calendula
فارسی: کالاندولا
français: Calendula
galego: Calendula
ГӀалгӀай: Календула
հայերեն: Վաղենակ
hornjoserbsce: Smjerdnički
hrvatski: Neven
italiano: Calendula
қазақша: Қырмызыгүл
lietuvių: Medetka
Livvinkarjala: Kalendula
മലയാളം: കലെൻഡുല
नेपाल भाषा: गिन्निस्वां
پنجابی: کیلنڈولا
polski: Nagietek
português: Calendula
română: Calendula
русский: Календула
shqip: Calendula
suomi: Kehäkukat
українська: Нагідки
Tiếng Việt: Calendula
Winaray: Calendula
中文: 金盞花屬