## Calculation in kind |

**Calculation in kind** or **calculation in nature** is a way of valuating resources and a system of accounting that uses disaggregated ^{[1]} Calculation in kind would value each commodity based only on its

Calculation in kind would quantify the utility of an object *directly* without recourse to a general unit of calculation. This differs from other proposed methods of socialist calculation, such as simultaneous equations, Taylor-Lange accounting prices, and the use of labor time as a measure of cost.^{[1]}

Calculation in kind was strongly advocated by the positivist philosopher and political economist *physical planning* (economic planning using calculation-in-kind) in contrast to ^{[2]} ^{[3]}

Proponents of in-kind calculation argue that the use of a common medium like money distorts information about the utility of an object. Socialists in favor of calculation in kind argued that, in a system of in-kind calculation, waste associated with the monetary system would be eliminated, and in particular objects would no longer be desired for functionally useless purposes like resale and ^{[4]}

Economic planning Economic calculation problem Input-output planning Material balances Natural capital accounting Post-capitalism Post-scarcity economy Production for use Socialism Socialist calculation debate Socialist economics Socialist mode of production Technological rationality Time-based currency Utility Value (economics)