Calabria

Calabria

Calàbbria  (Sicilian)
Calavría / Καλαβρία  (Greek)
Kalavrì  (Arbëreshë Albanian)
Flag of Calabria
Flag
Coat of arms of Calabria
Coat of arms
Calabria in Italy.svg
CountryItaly
CapitalCatanzaro
Government
 • PresidentMario Oliverio (PD)
Area
 • Total15,080 km2 (5,820 sq mi)
Population
 (2014-1-1)
 • Total1,980,533
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Demonym(s)English: Calabrian
Italian: Calabrese
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
GDP/ Nominal€33.6[1] billion (2008)
GDP per capita€16,400[2] (2008)
HDI (2017)0.839[3]
very high · 20th of 21
www.regione.calabria.it

Calabria (UK: ə/,[4] US: b-/,[5][6] Italian: [kaˈlaːbrja]; Calabrian: Calàbbria; Calabrian Greek: Calavría; Greek: Καλαβρία; Arbëreshë Albanian: Kalavrì), known in antiquity as Bruttium (US: t-/),[6][7] is a region in Southern Italy.

The capital city of Calabria is Catanzaro. The Regional Council of Calabria is based at the Palazzo Campanella in the city of Reggio Calabria. The region is bordered to the north by the Basilicata Region, to the west by the Tyrrhenian Sea, and to the east by the Ionian Sea. The region covers 15,080 km2 (5,822 sq mi) and has a population of just under 2 million. The demonym of Calabria is calabrese in Italian and Calabrian in English.

In ancient times the name Calabria referred, not as in modern times to the toe, but to the heel tip of Italy, from Tarentum southwards,[8] a region nowadays known as Salento.

Etymology

Starting in the third century BC, the name Calabria was originally given to the Adriatic coast of the Salento peninsula in modern Apulia.[9] In the late first century BC this name came to extend to the entirety of the Salento, when the Roman emperor Augustus divided Italy into regions. The whole region of Apulia received the name Regio II Apulia et Calabria. By this time modern Calabria was still known as Bruttium, after the Bruttians who inhabited the region. Later in the seventh century AD, the Byzantine Empire created the Duchy of Calabria from the Salento and the Ionian part of Bruttium. Even though the Calabrian part of the duchy was conquered by the Longobards during the eighth and ninth centuries AD, the Byzantines continued to use the name Calabria for their remaining territory in Bruttium.[10]

The modern name Italy derives from Italia, which was first used as a name for the southern part of modern Calabria.[11][12] Over time the Greeks started to use it for the rest of the southern Italian peninsula as well. After the Roman conquest of the region, the name was used for the entire Italian peninsula and eventually the Alpine region too.[13]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Kalabrië
Alemannisch: Kalabrien
አማርኛ: ካላብሪያ
العربية: كالابريا
aragonés: Calabria
arpetan: Calâbra
asturianu: Calabria
azərbaycanca: Kalabriya
Bân-lâm-gú: Calabria
беларуская: Калабрыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Калябрыя
Bikol Central: Calabria
български: Калабрия
bosanski: Kalabrija
brezhoneg: Calabria
català: Calàbria
Чӑвашла: Калабриа
Cebuano: Calabria
čeština: Kalábrie
corsu: Calabria
Cymraeg: Calabria
dansk: Calabrien
davvisámegiella: Calabria
Deutsch: Kalabrien
eesti: Calabria
Ελληνικά: Καλαβρία
español: Calabria
Esperanto: Kalabrio
euskara: Calabria
فارسی: کالابریا
français: Calabre
Frysk: Kalaabrje
furlan: Calabrie
Gaeilge: Calabria
Gàidhlig: Calabria
galego: Calabria
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Calabria
հայերեն: Կալաբրիա
हिन्दी: कालाब्रिया
hrvatski: Kalabrija
Ilokano: Calabria
Bahasa Indonesia: Calabria
interlingua: Calabria
Ирон: Калабри
íslenska: Kalabría
italiano: Calabria
עברית: קלבריה
Jawa: Calabria
Kapampangan: Calabria
ქართული: კალაბრია
қазақша: Калабрия
kernowek: Kalabri
Kiswahili: Calabria
kurdî: Kalabriya
Ladino: Kalabria
Latina: Bruttium
latviešu: Kalabrija
Lëtzebuergesch: Kalabrien
lietuvių: Kalabrija
Ligure: Calabbria
Limburgs: Calabrië
lumbaart: Calabria
magyar: Calabria
македонски: Калабрија
مازِرونی: کالابریا
Bahasa Melayu: Calabria
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Calabria
Nederlands: Calabrië
Napulitano: Calavria
нохчийн: Калабри
Nordfriisk: Kalaabrien
norsk: Calabria
norsk nynorsk: Calabria
occitan: Calàbria
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kalabriya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਾਲਾਬਰੀਆ
Papiamentu: Calabria
Picard: Calabre
Piemontèis: Calabria
polski: Kalabria
português: Calábria
română: Calabria
русский: Калабрия
sardu: Calabria
Scots: Calabrie
shqip: Kalabria
sicilianu: Calabbria
Simple English: Calabria
slovenčina: Kalábria
slovenščina: Kalabrija
српски / srpski: Калабрија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kalabrija
suomi: Calabria
svenska: Kalabrien
Tagalog: Calabria
தமிழ்: கலபிரியா
tarandíne: Calavrie
тоҷикӣ: Калабрия
Türkçe: Calabria
українська: Калабрія
اردو: کلابریا
vèneto: Całabria
Tiếng Việt: Calabria
West-Vlams: Calabrië
Winaray: Calabria