Cairo

Cairo
القاهرة
Metropolis
Towers on the Nile.jpg
مسجد أحمد ابن طولون1.jpg Muizz Street - Egypt.jpg
CairoTalaatHarbToEast.jpg Qalaa from Azhar Park.jpg Baron Palace.jpg
Flag of Cairo
Flag
Coat of arms of Cairo
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): The City of a Thousand Minarets
Cairo is located in Egypt
Cairo
Cairo
Cairo is located in Africa
Cairo
Cairo
Location of Cairo within Egypt
Coordinates: 30°2′40″N 31°14′9″E / 30°2′40″N 31°14′9″E / 30.04444; 31.23583
Country   Egypt
Governorate Cairo
Founded 969 AD
Founded by Jawhar al-Siqilli
Government
 • Governor Atef Abd El Hamid [1]
Area
 •  Metropolis 528 km2 (204 sq mi)
 • Urban 660 km2 (250 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,709 km2 (660 sq mi)
Elevation 23 m (75 ft)
Population (2017)
 •  Metropolis 9,500,000
 • Density 19,376/km2 (50,180/sq mi)
 •  Urban 18,290,000
 •  Metro 20,439,541
 •  Demonym Cairene
Time zone EET ( UTC+2)
Area code(s) (+20) 2
Website www.cairo.gov.eg
Official name Historic Cairo
Type Cultural
Criteria i, iii, vi
Designated 1979
Reference no. [2]
State Party Egypt
Region Arab States

Cairo ( / KYE-roh; Arabic: القاهرةAl-Qāhirah, About this sound  pronunciation , Coptic: ⲕⲁϩⲓⲣⲏ Kahire) is the capital and largest city of Egypt. The city's metropolitan area is the largest in the Middle East and the Arab world, and the 15th-largest in the world, and is associated with ancient Egypt, as the famous Giza pyramid complex and the ancient city of Memphis are located in its geographical area. Located near the Nile Delta, [3] [4] modern Cairo was founded in 969 CE by the Fatimid dynasty, but the land composing the present-day city was the site of ancient national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo. Cairo has long been a center of the region's political and cultural life, and is titled "the city of a thousand minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture. Cairo is considered a World City with a "Beta +" classification according to GaWC. [5]

Cairo has the oldest and largest film and music industries in the Arab world, as well as the world's second-oldest institution of higher learning, Al-Azhar University. Many international media, businesses, and organizations have regional headquarters in the city; the Arab League has had its headquarters in Cairo for most of its existence.

With a population of 6.76 million [6] spread over 453 square kilometers (175 sq mi), Cairo is by far the largest city in Egypt. An additional 9.5 million inhabitants live in close proximity to the city. Cairo, like many other mega-cities, suffers from high levels of pollution and traffic. Cairo's metro, one of two in Africa ( the other being in Algiers, Algeria), ranks among the fifteen busiest in the world, [7] with over 1 billion [8] annual passenger rides. The economy of Cairo was ranked first in the Middle East [9] in 2005, and 43rd globally on Foreign Policy's 2010 Global Cities Index. [10]

Etymology

Egyptians often refer to Cairo as Maṣr (IPA:  [mɑsˤɾ]; Egyptian Arabic: مَصر‎), the Egyptian Arabic name for Egypt itself, emphasizing the city's importance for the country. [11] [12] Its official name al-Qāhirah  ( Arabic: القاهرة‎) means "the Vanquisher" or "the Conqueror", supposedly due to the fact that the planet Mars, an-Najm al-Qāhir ( Arabic: النجم القاهر‎, "the Conquering Star"), was rising at the time when the city was founded, [13] possibly also in reference to the much awaited arrival of the Fatimid Caliph Al-Mu'izz who reached Cairo in 973 from Mahdia, the old Fatimid capital. [14] In Coptic the city is known as Kahire ( Coptic: ⲕⲁϩⲓⲣⲏ), meaning "Place of the Sun", possibly referring to the ancient city of Heliopolis, the main seat of worship of the solar deity Ra—(or Re). The location of the ancient city is the suburb of Ain Shams ( Arabic: عين شمس‎, "Sun-Eye" or "Eye of the Sun"). The ancient Egyptian name for the area is thought to be Khere-Ohe, "The Place of Combat", supposedly in reference to a mythical battle that took place between Seth and Horus. [15] Sometimes the city is informally referred to as Kayro (IPA:  [ˈkæjɾo]; Egyptian Arabic: كايرو‎). [16]

Other Languages
Acèh: Al-Qahirah
адыгабзэ: Каир
Afrikaans: Kaïro
Akan: Cairo
Alemannisch: Kairo
አማርኛ: ካይሮ
العربية: القاهرة
aragonés: O Caire
arpetan: Lo Cayiro
asturianu: El Cairu
авар: Каир
azərbaycanca: Qahirə
تۆرکجه: قاهیره
বাংলা: কায়রো
Bân-lâm-gú: Cairo
башҡортса: Ҡаһирә
беларуская: Каір
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Каір
भोजपुरी: काहिरा
Bikol Central: Cairo
български: Кайро
བོད་ཡིག: ཁ་ཡི་རོ
bosanski: Kairo
brezhoneg: Kaero
буряад: Каир
català: El Caire
Чӑвашла: Каир
Cebuano: Cairo
čeština: Káhira
Chavacano de Zamboanga: El Cairo
Chi-Chewa: Cairo
chiShona: Cairo
Cymraeg: Cairo
dansk: Kairo
davvisámegiella: Kairo
Deutsch: Kairo
dolnoserbski: Kairo
eesti: Kairo
Ελληνικά: Κάιρο
español: El Cairo
Esperanto: Kairo
estremeñu: El Cairu
euskara: Kairo
فارسی: قاهره
Fiji Hindi: Cairo
føroyskt: Keiro
français: Le Caire
Frysk: Kairo
Gaeilge: Caireo
Gaelg: Cairo
Gàidhlig: Cairo
galego: O Cairo
Gĩkũyũ: Cairo
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Cairo
хальмг: Каир балһсн
한국어: 카이로
Hausa: Kairo
Հայերեն: Կահիրե
हिन्दी: काहिरा
hornjoserbsce: Kairo
hrvatski: Kairo
Ido: Kairo
Ilokano: Cairo
Bahasa Indonesia: Kairo
Interlingue: Cairo
Ирон: Каир
íslenska: Kaíró
italiano: Il Cairo
עברית: קהיר
Basa Jawa: Kairo
kalaallisut: Cairo
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕೈರೋ
ქართული: კაირო
kaszëbsczi: Kairo
қазақша: Каир
kernowek: Cairo
Kiswahili: Kairo
коми: Каир
Kreyòl ayisyen: Li Kè
Kurdî: Qahîre
Кыргызча: Каир
кырык мары: Каир
Ladino: El Kairo
лакку: Кьагьира
лезги: Каир
لۊری شومالی: قاهره
Latina: Cairus
latviešu: Kaira
Lëtzebuergesch: Kairo
lietuvių: Kairas
Ligure: O Cairo
Limburgs: Caïro
lingála: Kairo
Livvinkarjala: Kairo
lumbaart: El Cairo
magyar: Kairó
मैथिली: काइरो
македонски: Каиро
Malagasy: Kairo
മലയാളം: കെയ്റോ
मराठी: कैरो
მარგალური: კაირო
مصرى: القاهره
مازِرونی: قاهره
Bahasa Melayu: Kaherah
Baso Minangkabau: Kairo
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Cairo
Mirandés: Cairo
мокшень: Каир
монгол: Каир
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကိုင်ရိုမြို့
Nāhuatl: In Cairo
Dorerin Naoero: Cairo
Nederlands: Caïro (stad)
नेपाली: कायरो
नेपाल भाषा: कायरो
日本語: カイロ
Napulitano: 'O Cairo
нохчийн: КъахӀира
Nordfriisk: Kairo
Norfuk / Pitkern: Cairo
norsk: Kairo
norsk nynorsk: Kairo
occitan: Lo Caire
олык марий: Каир
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Qohira
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਾਹਿਰਾ
پنجابی: قاہرہ
Papiamentu: Kairo
پښتو: قاهره
Piemontèis: Ël Càiro
Tok Pisin: Kairo
polski: Kair
Ποντιακά: Κάιρον
português: Cairo
Qaraqalpaqsha: Al-Qahira
qırımtatarca: Qaire
română: Cairo
rumantsch: Cairo
Runa Simi: Qahira
русиньскый: Кагіра
русский: Каир
саха тыла: Каир
sardu: Cairo
Scots: Cairo
shqip: Kajro
sicilianu: Cairu
Simple English: Cairo
slovenčina: Káhira
slovenščina: Kairo
ślůnski: Kajir
Soomaaliga: Qaahiro
کوردی: قاھیرە
српски / srpski: Каиро
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kairo
Basa Sunda: Kairo
suomi: Kairo
svenska: Kairo
Tagalog: Cairo
தமிழ்: கெய்ரோ
Taqbaylit: Taqahirt
tarandíne: 'U Cairo
татарча/tatarça: Каһирә
తెలుగు: కైరో
ไทย: ไคโร
тоҷикӣ: Қоҳира
Türkçe: Kahire
Türkmençe: Kahire
Twi: Kairo
удмурт: Каир
українська: Каїр
اردو: قاہرہ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: كايرو
vèneto: El Cairo
vepsän kel’: Kair
Tiếng Việt: Cairo
Volapük: Kahirä
Võro: Kairo
walon: El Caire
West-Vlams: Caïro
Winaray: Cairo
Wolof: Xayra
吴语: 开罗
ייִדיש: קיירא
Yorùbá: Káírò
粵語: 開羅
Zazaki: Qahira
Zeêuws: Caïro (stad)
žemaitėška: Kairs
中文: 开罗
डोटेली: काइरो
Kabɩyɛ: Kɛɛrɩ