A Caganer (Catalan pronunciation: [kəɣəˈne]) is a figurine depicted in the act of defecation appearing in nativity scenes in Catalonia and neighbouring areas with Catalan culture such as Andorra, Valencia, and Northern Catalonia (in southern France). It is most popular and widespread in these areas, but can also be found in other areas of Spain (Murcia), Portugal, and southern Italy (Naples).

The name "El Caganer" literally means "the crapper" or "the shitter". Traditionally, the figurine is depicted as a peasant, wearing the traditional Catalan red cap (the barretina) and with his trousers down, showing a bare backside, and defecating.


The exact origin of the Caganer is unknown, but the tradition has existed since at least the 18th century.[1] According to the society Amics del Caganer (Friends of the Caganer), it is believed to have entered the nativity scene by the late 17th or early 18th century, during the Baroque period.[2][3] An Iberian votive deposit was found near Tornabous in the Urgell depicting a holy Iberian warrior defecating on his falcata. This led to a brief altercation between the Institut d'Estudis Catalans and the Departament d'Arqueologia in the Conselleria de Cultura of the Generalitat de Catalunya as to whether the find can be regarded as a proto-caganer (which would place the origin of this tradition far earlier than previously thought) or just a representation of a pre-combat ritual.[citation needed]

Other Languages
العربية: كاجانر
arpetan: Cacaniér
asturianu: Caganer
brezhoneg: Caganer
català: Caganer
čeština: Caganer
Deutsch: Caganer
español: Caganer
Esperanto: Caganer
euskara: Caganer
français: Caganer
galego: Caganer
italiano: Caganer
Latina: Caganer
lumbaart: Caganer
Nederlands: Caganer
日本語: カガネル
norsk: Caganer
norsk nynorsk: Caganer
português: Caganer
română: Caganer
русский: Каганер
suomi: Caganer
svenska: Caganer
українська: Каґанер
中文: 加卡內