Caen

Caen
Prefecture and commune
July 2010 view of centre of Caenand the Abbey of St. Étienne
July 2010 view of centre of Caen
and the Abbey of St. Étienne
Coat of arms of Caen
Coat of arms
Caen is located in France
Caen
Caen
Coordinates: 49°11′N 0°22′W / 49°11′N 0°22′W / 49.18; -0.37
Country France
Region Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Caen
Canton Caen-1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
Intercommunality CU Caen la Mer
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Joël Bruneau ( LR)
Area1 25.70 km2 (9.92 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 108,365
 • Density 4,200/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET ( UTC+1)
 • Summer ( DST) CEST ( UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 14118 /14000
Elevation 2–73 m (6.6–239.5 ft)
(avg. 8 m or 26 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Caen ( n/; French pronunciation: ​ [kɑ̃]; Norman: Kaem) is a commune in northwestern France. It is the prefecture of the Calvados department. The city proper has 108,365 inhabitants (as of 2012), while its urban area has 420,000, making Caen the largest city in former Lower Normandy. It is also the third largest municipality in all of Normandy after Le Havre and Rouen and the third largest city proper in Normandy, after Rouen and Le Havre.[ citation needed] The metropolitan area of Caen, in turn, is the second largest in Normandy after that of Rouen, the 21st largest in France.

It is located 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) inland from the English Channel, two hours north-west of Paris, and connected to the south of England by the Caen-( Ouistreham)- Portsmouth ferry route. Caen is located in the centre of its northern region, and it is a centre of political, economic and cultural power. Located a few miles from the coast, the landing beaches, the bustling resorts of Deauville and Cabourg, Norman Switzerland and Pays d'Auge, Caen is often considered the archetype of Normandy.

Caen is known for its historical buildings built during the reign of William the Conqueror, who was buried there, and for the Battle for Caen—heavy fighting that took place in and around Caen during the Battle of Normandy in 1944, destroying much of the city. The city has now preserved the memory by erecting a memorial and a museum dedicated to peace, the Memorial de Caen.

Symbols

Heraldry

Current arms:

Gules, a single-towered open castle Or, windowed and masoned sable.

Under the Ancien Régime: Per fess, gules and azure, 3 fleurs de lys Or.

During the First French Empire: Gules, a single-towered castle Or, a chief of Good Imperial Cities (gules, 3 bees Or).

Motto

Today, Caen has no motto, but it used to have one, which did not survive the French Revolution. As a result, its spelling is archaic and has not been updated: [2]

Un Dieu, un Roy, une Foy, une Loy.

(One God, one King, one Faith, one Law.)

This motto is reflected in a notable old Chant royal. [3]

Code

Caen's home port code is CN

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Caen
አማርኛ: ካየን
Ænglisc: Caðum
العربية: كاين
aragonés: Caen
arpetan: Caen
تۆرکجه: کان (فرانسه)
Bân-lâm-gú: Caen
беларуская: Горад Кан
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кан (горад)
български: Кан (Нормандия)
brezhoneg: Caen
català: Caen
Cebuano: Caen
čeština: Caen
Cymraeg: Caen
dansk: Caen
Deutsch: Caen
eesti: Caen
Ελληνικά: Καέν
español: Caen
Esperanto: Caen
euskara: Caen
français: Caen
galego: Caen
한국어:
Հայերեն: Կան (Ֆրանսիա)
hrvatski: Caen
Ido: Caen
Bahasa Indonesia: Caen
Interlingue: Caen
italiano: Caen
עברית: קן (עיר)
Basa Jawa: Caen
Kapampangan: Caen
Kiswahili: Caen
Ladino: Caen
Latina: Cadomum
latviešu: Kāna
Lëtzebuergesch: Caen
magyar: Caen
मराठी: कां
مازِرونی: کان (فرانسه)
Bahasa Melayu: Caen
Nederlands: Caen
日本語: カーン
norsk: Caen
norsk nynorsk: Caen
Nouormand: Caën
occitan: Can (vila)
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kan
پنجابی: کین
Piemontèis: Caen
polski: Caen
Ποντιακά: Καέν
português: Caen
română: Caen
Scots: Caen
Simple English: Caen
slovenčina: Caen
slovenščina: Caen
ślůnski: Caen
српски / srpski: Кан (Калвадос)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Caen
suomi: Caen
svenska: Caen
தமிழ்: கன்
татарча/tatarça: Кан (шәһәр)
ไทย: ก็อง
Türkçe: Caen
українська: Кан (Кальвадос)
vèneto: Caen
Tiếng Việt: Caen
Volapük: Caen
Winaray: Caen
中文: 卡昂