Cadereyta de Montes (Spanish
info)) is a city and municipality in
Mexico. The municipality is the second most extensive in the state.
Location of Cadereyta in the state of Querétaro
Churches in the center of the city of Cadereyta
The city was founded in 1640, and received its current name in two stages: first in 1642 in honor of Viceroy Don
Lope Díez de Armendáriz, marqués de Cadereyta, and then in 1904 after the
lawyer Ezequiel Montes. From its conception during the
Spanish rule of Mexico, the city was intended to become quite important. It received the status of
Alcaldía mayor in 1689, thus becoming the dominant city in this part of the state. It was a post from which the main trade routes were defended from attacks by the
indigenous people of the
greenhouse called Finca Schmoll is in the city, preserving a large collection of
desert plants open to the public.
The population of the municipality grew from 51,688 in 2000 to 57,204 in 2005.