Cabañas Department

Cabañas
Department
Tejutepeque, Cerro del Coyote.jpg
Flag of Cabañas
Flag
Location within El Salvador
Location within El Salvador
Coordinates: 13°53′49″N 88°42′32″W / 13°53′49″N 88°42′32″W / 13.897; -88.709
Country El Salvador
Created1873
SeatSensuntepeque
Area
 • Total1,103.5 km2 (426.1 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 12th
Highest elevation1,014 m (3,327 ft)
Lowest elevation50 m (160 ft)
Population
 • Total164,945
 • RankRanked 14th
 • Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
ISO 3166 codeSV-CA

Cabañas is a department of El Salvador in the north central part of the country. Its capital is Sensuntepeque and it is one of coolest parts of El Salvador. Classified as a department in February 1873, it covers an area of 1,103.5 km2 (426.1 sq mi) and has over 164,900 inhabitants.[1] The other major city of the department is Ilobasco.[2] Agricultural produce includes coffee, sugar cane and sesame seeds, as well as dairy products. Gold, silver and copper are the principal minerals mined in the department.[3] Its main industrial activity is oriented to manufacture of potteries, cheese, lime and also distilleries.[2]

History

The department takes its name from the Central-American hero General José Trinidad Cabañas who in later life served as a minister in El Salvador.[4] From the early 18th century, the town of Ilobasco, one of the oldest pottery centres of El Salvador, attracted Creole and Spanish inhabitants (many of Cuban origin) from the rest of the country. The blue dye indigo has also been produced there in substantial quantities since at least 1735.

By the beginning of the 19th century, Ilobasco was a thriving community with the establishment of markets, pharmacies, blacksmiths and saddlers.[5] Tourists have recently been attracted to Ilobasco where clay dolls and other types of pottery are a major attraction in addition to a lakeside recreation area.[6] By the early 20th century, the department had two cities, Sensuntepeque and Ilobasco, as well as five towns, Victoria, Dolores, San Isidro, Jutiapa, and Tejutepeque.[7] The Flag of the Cabañas Department is made up of blue-red colours painted vertically and separated by a S-like wavy white line.[8]

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