Bydgoszcz

Bydgoszcz
Collage of views of Bydgoszcz, Poland 3.jpg

Flag of Bydgoszcz
Flag
Coat of arms of Bydgoszcz
Coat of arms
Bydgoszcz is located in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship
Bydgoszcz
Bydgoszcz
Bydgoszcz is located in Poland
Bydgoszcz
Bydgoszcz
Coordinates: 53°7′N 18°0′E / 53°7′N 18°0′E / 53.117; 18.000
CountryPoland
VoivodeshipKuyavian-Pomeranian
Countycity county
Establishedbefore 1238
Town rights1346
Government
 • President (Mayor)Rafał Bruski (PO)
 • City Council ChairpersonZbigniew Sobociński (PO)
Area
 • City175.98 km2 (67.95 sq mi)
Elevation60 m (200 ft)
Population (2014)
 • City358,614
 • Density2,000/km2 (5,300/sq mi)
 • Metro470,285
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code85-001 to 85-915
Area code(s)(+48) 52
Car platesCB
Websitewww.bydgoszcz.pl

Bydgoszcz (Polish: [ˈbɨdɡɔʂt͡ʂ] (About this sound listen); German: Bromberg [ˈbʁɔmbɛɐ̯k]; Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers. With a city population of 358,614 (June 2014), and an urban agglomeration with more than 470,000 inhabitants, Bydgoszcz is the eighth-largest city in Poland. It has been the seat of Bydgoszcz County and the co-capital, with Toruń, of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999. Prior to this, between 1947 and 1998, it was the capital of the Bydgoszcz Voivodeship, and before that, of the Pomeranian Voivodeship between 1945 and 1947.

The city is part of the Bydgoszcz–Toruń metropolitan area, which totals over 850,000 inhabitants. Bydgoszcz is the seat of Casimir the Great University, University of Technology and Life Sciences and a conservatory, as well as the Medical College of Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. It also hosts the Pomeranian Philharmonic concert hall, the Opera Nova opera house, and Bydgoszcz Airport. Due to its location between the Vistula and Oder rivers, and the water course of the Bydgoszcz Canal, the city forms part of a water system connected via the Noteć, Warta and Elbe with the Rhine and Rotterdam.

Bydgoszcz is an architecturally rich city, with neo-gothic, neo-baroque, neoclassicist, modernist and Art Nouveau styles present, for which it earned a nickname Little Berlin.[1] The notable granaries on Mill Island and along the riverside belong to one of the most recognized timber-framed landmarks in Poland.[2]

Etymology

Bydgoszcz, originally Bydgoszcza (feminine), is a pronoun name the second part of which – 'goszcz' comes from 'gost-jь' possibly or 'gost-ja' an old Slavic root which refers to an urban or suburban trading settlement. There are also a number of other Polish place-names which make use of the 'goszcz' suffix: i.e. Małogoszcz and Skorogoszcz. Bydgoszcz, however, has a long, rich history of etymological change: in 1239 known as Bidgosciam, in 1242 as castrum quod Budegosta vulgariter nuncupatur (castle, which is colloquially called Bydgoszcza), in 1279 as Bidgoscha, since 1558 as Bydgoszcz, that is, until the 16th century, and as Bydgoszcza "fishing village or campsite belonging to Bydgosta".

The name 'Byd-gost' contains archaic elements of the Proto-Slavonic root 'byd' which existed as a variant of the verb 'to raise' (Ancient Russian 'vъzbydati' = stimulating, Proto-Slavonic 'bъděti' / 'bъd 'ǫ' = no sleep, to watch),[3] and the common Slavic root 'Goszcz' (fireplace). Some people identify the name of the town as 'Budorgis', a name from the 2nd century which is listed as being next to the village Calisia on the amber route.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Bydgoszcz
العربية: بيدغوشتش
asturianu: Bydgoszcz
azərbaycanca: Bıdqoş
Bân-lâm-gú: Bydgoszcz
беларуская: Быдгашч
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Быдгашч
български: Бидгошч
brezhoneg: Bydgoszcz
català: Bydgoszcz
čeština: Bydhošť
dansk: Bydgoszcz
Deitsch: Bydgoszcz
Deutsch: Bydgoszcz
dolnoserbski: Bydgoszcz
eesti: Bydgoszcz
Ελληνικά: Μπίντγκοστς
эрзянь: Быдгощ ош
español: Bydgoszcz
Esperanto: Bydgoszcz
euskara: Bydgoszcz
eʋegbe: Bydgoszcz
فارسی: بیدگوشچ
français: Bydgoszcz
Gaelg: Bydgoszcz
Gàidhlig: Bydgoszcz
galego: Bydgoszcz
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Bydgoszcz
한국어: 비드고슈치
hornjoserbsce: Bydgoszcz
hrvatski: Bydgoszcz
Bahasa Indonesia: Bydgoszcz
íslenska: Bydgoszcz
italiano: Bydgoszcz
עברית: בידגושץ'
Basa Jawa: Bydgoszcz
kalaallisut: Bydgoszcz
ქართული: ბიდგოშჩი
kaszëbsczi: Bëdgòszcza
Кыргызча: Быдгощ
Latina: Bidgostia
latviešu: Bidgošča
lietuvių: Bydgoščius
lumbaart: Bydgoszcz
magyar: Bydgoszcz
македонски: Бидгошч
Bahasa Melayu: Bydgoszcz
монгол: Быдгощ
Dorerin Naoero: Bydgoszcz
Nederlands: Bydgoszcz
нохчийн: Быдгощ
norsk: Bydgoszcz
norsk nynorsk: Bydgoszcz
occitan: Bydgoszcz
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Bidgoshch
Plattdüütsch: Brombarg
polski: Bydgoszcz
português: Bydgoszcz
qırımtatarca: Bıdgoşç
română: Bydgoszcz
Runa Simi: Bydgoszcz
русский: Быдгощ
Scots: Bydgoszcz
shqip: Bydgoszcz
Simple English: Bydgoszcz
slovenčina: Bydgoszcz
slovenščina: Bydgoszcz
ślůnski: Bydgoszcz
српски / srpski: Бидгошч
suomi: Bydgoszcz
svenska: Bydgoszcz
татарча/tatarça: Быдгощ
tetun: Bydgoszcz
Türkçe: Bydgoszcz
удмурт: Быдгошӵ
українська: Бидгощ
vèneto: Bydgoszcz
vepsän kel’: Bidgošč
Tiếng Việt: Bydgoszcz
Volapük: Bydgoszcz
Winaray: Bydgoszcz
ייִדיש: בידגאש
粵語: 比得哥斯
中文: 比得哥什