Burping

Burp
Classification and external resources
ICD- 10 R14
ICD- 9-CM 787.3
DiseasesDB 30089
MedlinePlus 003080
Burping

Burping (also known as belching, ructus, erupt or eructation) is the release of gas from the digestive tract (mainly esophagus and stomach) through the mouth.

Physiology

Burping is generally caused by swallowing air when eating or drinking and subsequently expelling it, so in this case the expelled gas is mainly a mixture of nitrogen and oxygen. Burps can also be caused by drinking carbonated beverages, such as beer, soft drinks, energy drinks, and wine in which case the expelled gas is primarily carbon dioxide from the drink itself. Common diabetes drugs metformin [1] and Byetta [2] can cause burping, especially at higher doses. This often resolves in a few weeks. Burping combined with other symptoms such as dyspepsia, nausea and heartburn may be a sign of an ulcer or hiatal hernia, and should be reviewed by a physician. [3] Other causes of burping include: food allergy, gallbladder problems, acid reflux disease, H. pylori, and gastritis.

The current Guinness world record for the loudest burp is 109.9 dB, set by Paul Hunn on 23 August 2009. [4] This is louder than a jackhammer at a distance of 1 m (3 ft 3 in).

In microgravity environments burping is normally associated with regurgitation. The valve at the top of the stomach (the gastroesophageal junction) does not produce a tight seal, and in the absence of gravity, the stomach contents tend to float near this loose seal, making them likely to come up along with the expelled air. [5]

Inability to burp is uncommon, and chest pain caused by dysfunction of the belch reflex is rare. [6]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Winde opbreek
العربية: تجشؤ
Bân-lâm-gú: Phah-eh
беларуская: Адрыжка
català: Eructe
čeština: Říhání
dansk: Bøvs
Deutsch: Rülpsen
eesti: Röhitised
Ελληνικά: Ρέψιμο
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Rùdeg
español: Eructo
Esperanto: Rukto
فارسی: آروغ‌زدن
français: Éructation
Gàidhlig: Brùchd
한국어: 트림
Հայերեն: Գխտոց
Bahasa Indonesia: Sendawa
italiano: Eruttazione
עברית: גיהוק
latviešu: Atraugas
lietuvių: Raugulys
മലയാളം: ഏമ്പക്കം
Nederlands: Boer (geluid)
Nedersaksies: Kölken
日本語: げっぷ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kekirik
polski: Odbijanie
português: Arroto
română: Eructație
Runa Simi: Khasay
русский: Отрыжка
Simple English: Belching
српски / srpski: Подригивање
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Podrigivanje
svenska: Rapning
Tagalog: Dighay
தமிழ்: ஏப்பம்
తెలుగు: తేనుపు
тоҷикӣ: Оруғ задан
українська: Відрижка
粵語: 啹氣
中文: 嗝氣