Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

Motto: "Unité–Progrès–Justice" (French)
"Unity–Progress–Justice"
Anthem: Une Seule Nuit / Ditanyè  (French)
One Single Night / Hymn of Victory

Location of Burkina Faso (dark blue) – in Africa (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union (light blue)  –  [Legend]
Location of Burkina Faso (dark blue)

– in Africa (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union (light blue)  –  [Legend]

Location of Burkina Faso
Capital
and largest city
Ouagadougou
12°20′N 1°40′W / 12°20′N 1°40′W / 12.333; -1.667
Official languagesFrench
Recognised national languagesMòoré
Fula
Dioula[1]
Ethnic groups
(1995)
Demonym(s)
  • Burkinabé
  • Burkinabè
  • Burkinese
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Roch Marc Christian Kaboré
Christophe Joseph Marie Dabiré
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence
• from France
5 August 1960
Area
• Total
274,200 km2 (105,900 sq mi) (74th)
• Water (%)
0.146%
Population
• 2017 estimate
20,107,509[2] (61st)
• 2006 census
14,017,262
• Density
64/km2 (165.8/sq mi) (137th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$41.903 billion
• Per capita
$2,096[3]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$14.882 billion
• Per capita
$744[4]
Gini (2007)39.5[5]
medium
HDI (2017)Increase 0.423[6]
low · 183rd
CurrencyWest African CFA franc[7] (XOF)
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+226
ISO 3166 codeBF
Internet TLD.bf
The data here is an estimation for the year 2005 produced by the International Monetary Fund in April 2005.

Burkina Faso (UK: /, US: / (About this soundlisten);[8] French: [buʁkina faso]) is a landlocked country in West Africa. It covers an area of around 274,200 square kilometres (105,900 sq mi) and is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north; Niger to the east; Benin to the southeast; Togo and Ghana to the south; and Ivory Coast to the southwest. The July 2019 population estimate by the United Nations was 20,321,378.[9] Burkina Faso is a francophone country, with French as the official language of government and business. Roughly 40% of the population speaks the Mossi language.[9] Formerly called the Republic of Upper Volta (1958–1984), the country was renamed "Burkina Faso" on 4 August 1984 by then-President Thomas Sankara. Its citizens are known as Burkinabé (/ KEE-nə-bay). Its capital is Ouagadougou.

The Republic of Upper Volta was established on 11 December 1958 as a self-governing colony within the French Community, and on 5 August 1960 it gained full independence, with Maurice Yaméogo as president. After protests by students and labour union members, Yaméogo was deposed in the 1966 coup d'état, led by Sangoulé Lamizana, who became president. His rule coincided with the Sahel drought and famine, and facing problems from the country's traditionally powerful trade unions he was deposed in the 1980 coup d'état, led by Saye Zerbo. Encountering resistance from trade unions again, Zerbo's government was overthrown in the 1982 coup d'état, led by Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo. The leader of the leftist faction of Ouédraogo's government, Thomas Sankara, became prime minister but was later imprisoned. Efforts to free him led to the popularly-supported 1983 coup d'état, in which he became president.[10][11] Sankara renamed the country Burkina Faso and launched an ambitious socioeconomic programme which included a nationwide literacy campaign, land redistribution to peasants, railway and road construction and the outlawing of female genital mutilation, forced marriages and polygamy.[11][12] Sankara was overthrown and killed in the 1987 coup d'état led by Blaise Compaoré – deteriorating relations with former coloniser France and its ally the Ivory Coast were the reason given for the coup.

In 1987, Blaise Compaoré became president and, after an alleged 1989 coup attempt, was later elected in 1991 and 1998, elections which were boycotted by the opposition and received a considerably low turnout, as well as in 2005. He remained head of state until he was ousted from power by the popular youth upheaval of 31 October 2014,[13][14] after which he was exiled to the Ivory Coast. Michel Kafando subsequently became the transitional president of the country. On 16 September 2015, a military coup d'état against the Kafando government was carried out by the Regiment of Presidential Security, the former presidential guard of Compaoré.[15] On 24 September 2015, after pressure from the African Union, ECOWAS and the armed forces, the military junta agreed to step down, and Michel Kafando was reinstated as acting president.[16] In the general election held on 29 November 2015, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré won in the first round with 53.5% of the vote[17] and was sworn in as President on 29 December 2015.[18]

Etymology

Formerly called the Republic of Upper Volta, the country was renamed "Burkina Faso" on 4 August 1984 by then-President Thomas Sankara. The words "Burkina" and "Faso" both stem from different languages spoken in the country: "Burkina" comes from Mossi and means "upright", showing how the people are proud of their integrity, while "Faso" comes from the Dyula language and means "fatherland" (literally, "father's house"). The "bè" suffix added onto "Burkina" to form the demonym "Burkinabè" comes from the Fula language and means "men or women".[19] The CIA summarizes the etymology as "land of the honest (incorruptible) men".[20]

The French colony of Upper Volta was named for its location on the upper courses of the Volta River (the Black, Red and White Volta).[21]

Other Languages
адыгабзэ: Буркина-Фасо
Afrikaans: Burkina Faso
Alemannisch: Burkina Faso
አማርኛ: ቡርኪና ፋሶ
Ænglisc: Burkina Faso
العربية: بوركينا فاسو
aragonés: Burkina Faso
arpetan: Burkina Fasô
asturianu: Burkina Fasu
azərbaycanca: Burkina-Faso
bamanankan: Burukina Faso
Bahasa Banjar: Burkina Paso
Bân-lâm-gú: Burkina Faso
башҡортса: Буркина-Фасо
беларуская: Буркіна-Фасо
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Буркіна-Фасо
Bikol Central: Burkina Faso
български: Буркина Фасо
bosanski: Burkina Faso
brezhoneg: Burkina Faso
català: Burkina Faso
Чӑвашла: Буркина Фасо
Cebuano: Burkina Faso
čeština: Burkina Faso
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Burkina Faso
chiShona: Burkina Faso
Cymraeg: Bwrcina Ffaso
davvisámegiella: Burkina Faso
Deutsch: Burkina Faso
ދިވެހިބަސް: ބުރުކީނާ ފާސޯ
dolnoserbski: Burkina Faso
Ελληνικά: Μπουρκίνα Φάσο
español: Burkina Faso
Esperanto: Burkino
estremeñu: Burquina Fasu
euskara: Burkina Faso
eʋegbe: Burkina Faso
Fiji Hindi: Burkina Faso
føroyskt: Burkina Faso
français: Burkina Faso
Fulfulde: Burkina Faso
Gagauz: Burkina Faso
Gàidhlig: Buirciona Faso
galego: Burkina Faso
Gĩkũyũ: Burkina Faso
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Burkina Faso
Hawaiʻi: Burakina Faso
hornjoserbsce: Burkina Faso
hrvatski: Burkina Faso
Ilokano: Burkina Faso
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: বুর্কিনা ফাসো
Bahasa Indonesia: Burkina Faso
interlingua: Burkina Faso
Interlingue: Burkina Faso
isiZulu: IBukhina Faso
íslenska: Búrkína Fasó
italiano: Burkina Faso
Kabɩyɛ: Purkina Fasoo
Kapampangan: Burkina Faso
ქართული: ბურკინა-ფასო
қазақша: Буркина-Фасо
kernowek: Burkina Faso
Kinyarwanda: Burukina Faso
Kiswahili: Burkina Faso
Kreyòl ayisyen: Boukinafaso
Кыргызча: Буркина-Фасо
кырык мары: Буркина Фасо
Ladino: Burkina Faso
لۊری شومالی: بۊرکینافاسو
Latina: Burkina Faso
latviešu: Burkinafaso
Lëtzebuergesch: Burkina Faso
lietuvių: Burkina Fasas
Limburgs: Burkina Faso
lingála: Burkina Faso
Lingua Franca Nova: Burcina Faso
Livvinkarjala: Burkina Faso
Luganda: Burkina Faso
lumbaart: Burkina Faso
magyar: Burkina Faso
македонски: Буркина Фасо
Malagasy: Borkina Faso
მარგალური: ბურკინა-ფასო
مازِرونی: بورکینافاسو
Bahasa Melayu: Burkina Faso
Minangkabau: Burkina Faso
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Burkina Faso
Nāhuatl: Burquina Faso
Dorerin Naoero: Burkinabato
Nederlands: Burkina Faso
Nedersaksies: Burkina Faso
नेपाल भाषा: बुर्किना फासो
нохчийн: Буркина-Фасо
Nordfriisk: Burkiina Faaso
Norfuk / Pitkern: Burkina Faso
norsk nynorsk: Burkina Faso
Novial: Burkina Faso
occitan: Burkina Faso
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Burkina Faso
پنجابی: برکینا فاسو
Papiamentu: Burkina Faso
Piemontèis: Burkina Faso
Plattdüütsch: Burkina Faso
polski: Burkina Faso
português: Burkina Faso
Qaraqalpaqsha: Burkina Faso
qırımtatarca: Burkina Faso
română: Burkina Faso
rumantsch: Burkina Faso
Runa Simi: Burkina Phasu
русиньскый: Буркіна Фасо
русский: Буркина-Фасо
саха тыла: Буркина Фасо
Gagana Samoa: Burkina Faso
संस्कृतम्: बुर्कीना-फासो
Sängö: Burkina Faso
Seeltersk: Burkina Faso
Sesotho: Burkina Faso
Sesotho sa Leboa: Burkina Faso
sicilianu: Burchina Fasu
Simple English: Burkina Faso
slovenčina: Burkina
slovenščina: Burkina Faso
ślůnski: Burkina Faso
Soomaaliga: Burkina Faso
српски / srpski: Буркина Фасо
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Burkina Faso
Basa Sunda: Burkina Faso
svenska: Burkina Faso
Tagalog: Burkina Faso
Taqbaylit: Burkina Faso
татарча/tatarça: Буркина Фасо
ትግርኛ: ቡርኪና ፋሶ
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏋᎩᎾ ᏩᏐ
Türkçe: Burkina Faso
Türkmençe: Burkina-Faso
українська: Буркіна-Фасо
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: بۇركىنا فاسو
Vahcuengh: Burkina Faso
vèneto: Burkina Faso
vepsän kel’: Burkina Faso
Tiếng Việt: Burkina Faso
Volapük: Burkinän
West-Vlams: Burkina Faso
Winaray: Burkina Faso
Xitsonga: Burkina Faso
Zazaki: Burkina Faso
Zeêuws: Burkina Faso
žemaitėška: Borkėna Fasos