Burgas

Burgas

Бургас
City
Top to bottom, left to right: View of Slaveikov district at Night, Marine Casino Center in Burgas Sea Garden, A fountain in Tsaritsa Ioanna Square, View of Clock in Transportana shopping area, Panteona Complex Building, Bogorids Street, St. Cyril and Methodius Cathedral, Burgas Art Gallery, View of Burgas Sand Sculptures event in Sea Garden, The Pier at the Burgas Central Beach
Top to bottom, left to right: View of Slaveikov district at Night, Marine Casino Center in Burgas Sea Garden, A fountain in Tsaritsa Ioanna Square, View of Clock in Transportana shopping area, Panteona Complex Building, Bogorids Street, St. Cyril and Methodius Cathedral, Burgas Art Gallery, View of Burgas Sand Sculptures event in Sea Garden, The Pier at the Burgas Central Beach
Flag of Burgas
Flag
Coat of arms of Burgas
Coat of arms
Nicknames: 
The city of sea and lakes
The city of the dreams
Burgas is located in Bulgaria
Burgas
Burgas
Location of Burgas
Coordinates: 42°29′43″N 27°28′18″E / 42°29′43″N 27°28′18″E / 42.49528; 27.47167UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
8000-8034
Official website

Burgas (Bulgarian: Бургас, pronounced [burˈɡas]), sometimes transliterated as Bourgas, is the second largest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast and the fourth-largest in Bulgaria after Sofia, Plovdiv, and Varna, with a population of 202,694 inhabitants, while 277,922 live in its urban area. It is the capital of Burgas Province and an important industrial, transport, cultural and tourist centre.

The city is surrounded by the Burgas Lakes and located at the westernmost point of the Black Sea, at the large Burgas Bay. The LUKOIL Neftochim Burgas is the largest oil refinery in southeastern Europe and the largest industrial enterprise. The Port of Burgas is the largest port in Bulgaria, and Burgas Airport is the second most important in the country. Burgas is the centre of the Bulgarian fishing and fish processing industry.[2]

Names

Burgas as seen from space

A similar literal composition have the cities Burgos in Spain and numerous cities containing the Germanic burg "city" such as Hamburg. It is widely considered, including by the city's official website, that the name of the city is derived from the Latin word "burgos" as meaning a "tower", after a local ancient Roman travel post, which used to be in the area of today's Burgas Port. 15 centuries later, the settlement was mentioned by the Byzantine poet Manuel Phil as "Pyrgos" (Greek: Πύργος), a word identical in meaning with the Greek word for tower.[3][4] The name passed to Bulgarian through the Turkish Burgaz. There are several alternative explanations for the name's origin. By one of them, the city's name comes from Gothic name "baurgs" as meaning "signified consolidated walled villages".[5] According to Bulgarian prof. Kiril Vlahov, the name of the city comes from the Thracian word "pyurg" as meaning "fortification of wooden beams". It is also suggested that the name ultimately comes from the name of khan Burtaz (683-633 BC).

Other Languages
Acèh: Burgas
Afrikaans: Boergas
Akan: Burgas
العربية: بورغاس
aragonés: Burgas
armãneashti: Burgas
asturianu: Burgas
azərbaycanca: Burqas
تۆرکجه: بورگاس
башҡортса: Бургас
беларуская: Бургас (Балгарыя)
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Бургас (Баўгарыя)
български: Бургас
brezhoneg: Bourgas
català: Burgàs
čeština: Burgas
Cymraeg: Burgas
dansk: Burgas
Deutsch: Burgas
eesti: Burgas
Ελληνικά: Μπουργκάς
español: Burgas
Esperanto: Burgaso
euskara: Burgas
فارسی: بورگاس
français: Bourgas
Gaeilge: Burgas
galego: Burgas
한국어: 부르가스
հայերեն: Բուրգաս
Արեւմտահայերէն: Պուրկաս
hrvatski: Burgas
Ido: Burgas
Bahasa Indonesia: Burgas
Ирон: Бургас
italiano: Burgas
עברית: בורגס
ქართული: ბურგასი
қазақша: Бургас
Kiswahili: Burgas
Кыргызча: Бургас
latviešu: Burgasa
Lëtzebuergesch: Burgas
lietuvių: Burgasas
magyar: Burgasz
македонски: Бургас
मराठी: बुर्गास
მარგალური: ბურგასი
مصرى: بورجاس
Bahasa Melayu: Burgas
монгол: Бургас хот
Nederlands: Boergas (stad)
日本語: ブルガス
Nordfriisk: Burgas (Steed)
norsk: Burgas
norsk nynorsk: Burgas
پنجابی: برگاس
polski: Burgas
português: Burgas
română: Burgas
русский: Бургас
Scots: Burgas
slovenčina: Burgas (mesto)
slovenščina: Burgas
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Пѷргъ
ślůnski: Burgas
کوردی: بورگاس
српски / srpski: Бургас
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Burgas
suomi: Burgas
svenska: Burgas
Türkçe: Burgaz
Türkmençe: Burgas
українська: Бургас
اردو: بورگاس
vepsän kel’: Burgas
Tiếng Việt: Burgas
Volapük: Burgas
Winaray: Burgas
吴语: 布尔加斯
粵語: 布爾加斯
中文: 布爾加斯