Bunun language

Bunun
Native toTaiwan
EthnicityBunun people
Native speakers
38,000 (2002)[1]
Dialects
  • Isbukun
  • North–Central (Takitudu–Takbanua)
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Language codes
ISO 639-3bnn
bunu1267[2]
Formosan languages 2008.png
(medium green, center) Bunun

The Bunun language (Chinese: 布農語) is spoken by the Bunun people of Taiwan. It is one of the Formosan languages, a geographic group of Austronesian languages, and is subdivided in five dialects: Isbukun, Takbunuaz, Takivatan, Takibaka and Takituduh. Isbukun, the dominant dialect, is mainly spoken in the south of Taiwan. Takbunuaz and Takivatan are mainly spoken in the center of the country. Takibaka and Takituduh both are northern dialects. A sixth dialect, Takipulan, became extinct in the 1970s.

The Saaroa and Kanakanabu, two smaller minority groups who share their territory with an Isbukun Bunun group, have also adopted Bunun as their vernacular.

Dialects

Li (1988) splits the Bunun dialects into 3 main branches — Northern, Central, and Isbukun (also classified as Southern Bunun).[3] Isbukun, the prestige dialect, is also the most divergent dialect. The most conservative dialects are spoken in the north.

  • Proto-Bunun
    • Isbukun
    • North-Central
      • Northern
        • Takituduh
        • Takibakha
      • Central
        • Takbanua
        • Takivatan

Bunun was originally spoken in and around Sinyi Township (Xinyi) in Nantou County (De Busser 2009:63). From the 17th century onwards, the Bunun people expanded towards the south and east, absorbing other ethnic groups such as the Saaroa, Kanakanabu, and Thao. Bunun is spoken in an area stretching from Ren-ai Township in Nantou in the north to Yan-ping Township in Taitung in the south. Isbukun is distributed throughout Nantou, Taitung, and Kaohsiung. Takbanuað is spoken in Nantou and southern Hualien County. Takivatan is spoken in Nantou and central Hualien. Both Takituduh and Takibakha are spoken in Nantou.

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Bunun-gí
Bikol Central: Tataramon na Bunun
brezhoneg: Bounouneg
Fiji Hindi: Bunun language
français: Bunun (langue)
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Bunun-ngî
한국어: 부눈어
hrvatski: Bunun jezik
italiano: Lingua bunun
Kapampangan: Amanung Bunun
Kiswahili: Kibunun
македонски: Бунунски јазик
Nederlands: Bunun (taal)
日本語: ブヌン語
Piemontèis: Lenga Bunun
polski: Język bunun
português: Língua bunun
русский: Бунун (язык)
中文: 布農語