Various examples of buildings throughout history

A building, or edifice, is a structure with a roof and[1] walls standing more or less permanently in one place, such as a house or factory.[1] Buildings come in a variety of sizes, shapes, and functions, and have been adapted throughout history for a wide number of factors, from building materials available, to weather conditions, land prices, ground conditions, specific uses, and aesthetic reasons. To better understand the term building compare the list of nonbuilding structures.

Buildings serve several societal needs – primarily as shelter from weather, security, living space, privacy, to store belongings, and to comfortably live and work. A building as a shelter represents a physical division of the human habitat (a place of comfort and safety) and the outside (a place that at times may be harsh and harmful).

Ever since the first cave paintings, buildings have also become objects or canvasses of much artistic expression. In recent years, interest in sustainable planning and building practices has also become an intentional part of the design process of many new buildings.


The word building is both a noun and a verb: the structure itself and the act of making it. As a noun, a building is 'a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place';[1] "there was a three-storey building on the corner"; "it was an imposing edifice". In the broadest interpretation a fence or wall is a building.[2] However, the word structure is used more broadly than building including natural and man-made formations[3] and does not necessarily have walls. Structure is more likely to be used for a fence. Sturgis' Dictionary included that "[building] differs from architecture in excluding all idea of artistic treatment; and it differs from construction in the idea of excluding scientific or highly skilful treatment."[4] As a verb, building is the act of construction.

Structural height in technical usage is the height to the highest architectural detail on building from street-level. Depending on how they are classified, spires and masts may or may not be included in this height. Spires and masts used as antennas are not generally included. The definition of a low-rise vs. a high-rise building is a matter of debate, but generally three storeys or less is considered low-rise.[5]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Gebou
Alemannisch: Gebäude
العربية: مبنى
aragonés: Edificio
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܒܢܝܢܐ
armãneashti: Acareti
asturianu: Edificiu
Avañe'ẽ: Óga yvate
azərbaycanca: Bina
বাংলা: ভবন
Bân-lâm-gú: Kiàn-tio̍k-bu̍t
беларуская: Будынак
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Будынак
български: Сграда
bosanski: Zgrada
català: Edifici
čeština: Budova
Cymraeg: Adeilad
dansk: Bygning
Deutsch: Gebäude
eesti: Hoone
Ελληνικά: Κτίριο
español: Edificio
Esperanto: Konstruaĵo
euskara: Eraikin
فارسی: ساختمان
Frysk: Bouwurk
Gaeilge: Foirgneamh
galego: Edificio
한국어: 건축물
हिन्दी: भवन
hrvatski: Zgrada
Ido: Edifico
Bahasa Indonesia: Bangunan
interlingua: Edificio
íslenska: Bygging
italiano: Edificio
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕಟ್ಟಡ
ქართული: შენობა
Kiswahili: Jengo
ລາວ: ຕຶກ
latgaļu: Kuorms
Latina: Aedificium
latviešu: Celtne
Lëtzebuergesch: Gebai
lietuvių: Statinys
magyar: Épület
македонски: Градба
मराठी: इमारत
Bahasa Melayu: Bangunan
монгол: Байшин
Nāhuatl: Calli
Nederlands: Gebouw
Nedersaksies: Bolwark
नेपाल भाषा: भवन
日本語: 建築物
Norfuk / Pitkern: Bilding
norsk: Bygning
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Bino
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਇਮਾਰਤ
پښتو: ودانۍ
polski: Budynek
português: Edifício
română: Clădire
Runa Simi: Wasichay
русиньскый: Будова
русский: Здание
Scots: Biggin
Simple English: Building
slovenčina: Budova
slovenščina: Zgradba
Soomaaliga: Dhisme
српски / srpski: Зграда
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Građevina
suomi: Rakennus
svenska: Byggnad
Tagalog: Gusali
தமிழ்: கட்டிடம்
తెలుగు: భవనము
ไทย: อาคาร
тоҷикӣ: Бино
Türkçe: Bina
українська: Будівля
اردو: عمارت
Tiếng Việt: Tòa nhà
Volapük: Bumot
Winaray: Edifisyo
吴语: 建築物
中文: 建筑物