Bucharest

Bucharest
București
Capital city
Biblioteca Central de la Universidad de Bucarest, Bucarest, Rumanía, 2016-05-29, DD 97-99 HDR.jpg
Palace Of Parliament Bucharest.jpgTriumphbogen Bukarest.jpg
Ateneul Român 1.jpgHotel Continental - Calea Victoriei.jpg
Sunset-HQ NC2015 1203 174221 (41762925811).jpgPalacio CEC, Bucarest, Rumanía, 2016-05-29, DD 65.jpg
Muzeul Național de Artă al României panorama.jpg
Flag of Bucharest
Flag
Coat of arms of Bucharest
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Micul Paris (The Little Paris),
Paris of the East[1]
Motto(s): Patria și dreptul meu
(The Homeland and my right)
Bucharest is located in Romania
Bucharest
Bucharest
Location of Bucharest in Romania
Bucharest is located in Europe
Bucharest
Bucharest
Bucharest (Europe)
Coordinates: 44°25′57″N 26°6′14″E / 44°25′57″N 26°6′14″E / 44.43250; 26.10389
CountryRomania
CountyNonea
First attested1459
Government
 • MayorGabriela Firea (PSD)[2]
 • PrefectSperanţa Cliseru
Area[3][4]
 • Capital city228 km2 (88 sq mi)
 • Urban285 km2 (110 sq mi)
Elevation55.8–91.5 m (183.1–300.2 ft)
Population (2011)[6]
 • Capital city1,883,425
 • Estimate (2016)[7]2,106,144 Increase
 • Rank1st in Romania (6th in EU)
 • Density9,237/km2 (23,920/sq mi)
 • Metro2,412,530[5]
Demonym(s)

Bucharester (en)

bucureștean, bucureșteancă (ro)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code0xxxxx
Area code(s)+40 x1
Car plate prefixB
  GDP(Nominal)€50 billion[8]
 – Per capita€34,570 ($40,000)
Websitepmb.ro
a Romanian law stipulates that Bucharest has a special administrative status which is equal to that of a County;
b Bucharest metropolitan area is a proposed project.

Bucharest (t/; Romanian: București [bukuˈreʃtʲ] (About this sound listen)) is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre. It is located in the southeast of the country, at 44°25′57″N 26°06′14″E / 44°25′57″N 26°06′14″E / 44.43250; 26.10389, on the banks of the Dâmbovița River, less than 60 km (37.3 mi) north of the Danube River and the Bulgarian border.

Bucharest was first mentioned in documents in 1459. It became the capital of Romania in 1862 and is the centre of Romanian media, culture, and art. Its architecture is a mix of historical (neo-classical), interbellum (Bauhaus and art deco), communist-era and modern. In the period between the two World Wars, the city's elegant architecture and the sophistication of its elite earned Bucharest the nickname of "Little Paris" (Micul Paris).[9] Although buildings and districts in the historic city centre were heavily damaged or destroyed by war, earthquakes, and above all Nicolae Ceaușescu's program of systematization, many survived. In recent years, the city has been experiencing an economic and cultural boom.[10] In 2016, the historical city centre was listed as "endangered" by the World Monuments Watch.[11]

According to the 2011 census, 1,883,425 inhabitants live within the city limits,[6] a decrease from the 2002 census.[3] Adding the satellite towns around the urban area, the proposed metropolitan area of Bucharest would have a population of 2.27 million people.[12] According to Eurostat, Bucharest has a functional urban area of 2,412,530 residents (as of 2015).[5] Bucharest is the sixth-largest city in the European Union by population within city limits, after London, Berlin, Madrid, Rome, and Paris.

Economically, Bucharest is the most prosperous city in Romania[13] and is one of the main industrial centres and transportation hubs of Eastern Europe. The city has big convention facilities, educational institutes, cultural venues, traditional "shopping arcades", and recreational areas.

The city proper is administratively known as the "Municipality of Bucharest" (Municipiul București), and has the same administrative level as that of a national county, being further subdivided into six sectors, each governed by a local mayor.

Etymology

The Romanian name București has an uncertain origin. Tradition connects the founding of Bucharest with the name of Bucur, who was a prince, an outlaw, a fisherman, a shepherd, or a hunter, according to different legends. In Romanian, the word stem bucurie means "joy" ("happiness"),[14] and it is believed to be of Dacian origin.[15]

Other etymologies are given by early scholars, including the one of an Ottoman traveler, Evliya Çelebi, who said that Bucharest was named after a certain "Abu-Kariș", from the tribe of "Bani-Kureiș". In 1781, Austrian historian Franz Sulzer claimed that it was related to bucurie (joy), bucuros (joyful), or a se bucura (to become joyful), while an early 19th-century book published in Vienna assumed its name has been derived from "Bukovie", a beech forest.[16]

A native or resident of Bucharest is called a "Bucharester" (Romanian: bucureștean).

Other Languages
Acèh: Bucharèst
адыгабзэ: Бухарест
Afrikaans: Boekarest
Alemannisch: Bukarest
አማርኛ: ቡካረስት
العربية: بوخارست
aragonés: Bucarest
armãneashti: București
arpetan: Bucarèst
asturianu: Bucarest
Avañe'ẽ: Mbukaréte
Aymar aru: Bukuresti
azərbaycanca: Buxarest
تۆرکجه: بوخارست
Bân-lâm-gú: Bucharest
башҡортса: Бухарест
беларуская: Бухарэст
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Бухарэст
български: Букурещ
bosanski: Bukurešt
brezhoneg: Bukarest
català: Bucarest
Чӑвашла: Бухарест
Cebuano: Bucharest
čeština: Bukurešť
corsu: Bucarest
Cymraeg: Bwcarést
dansk: Bukarest
davvisámegiella: București
Deutsch: Bukarest
dolnoserbski: Bukarest
eesti: Bukarest
Ελληνικά: Βουκουρέστι
эрзянь: Бухарест ош
español: Bucarest
Esperanto: Bukareŝto
estremeñu: Bucarest
euskara: Bukarest
eʋegbe: Bucharest
فارسی: بخارست
Fiji Hindi: Bucharest
føroyskt: Bukarest
français: Bucarest
Frysk: Bûkarest
Gaeilge: Búcairist
Gaelg: Bucharest
Gagauz: Bukureş
Gàidhlig: Bucharest
galego: Bucarest
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Bucharest
한국어: 부쿠레슈티
հայերեն: Բուխարեստ
हिन्दी: बुखारेस्ट
hornjoserbsce: Bukarest
hrvatski: Bukurešt
Bahasa Indonesia: Bukares
interlingua: Bucarest
Interlingue: Bucarest
íslenska: Búkarest
italiano: Bucarest
עברית: בוקרשט
Basa Jawa: Bukarès
kalaallisut: Bukarest
ქართული: ბუქარესტი
kaszëbsczi: Bùkareszt
қазақша: Бухарест
Kiswahili: Bukarest
Kreyòl ayisyen: Boukarès
kurdî: Bûkareşt
Кыргызча: Бухарест
Ladino: Bukureshti
لۊری شومالی: بوخارست
Latina: Bucaresta
latviešu: Bukareste
Lëtzebuergesch: Bukarest
lietuvių: Bukareštas
Ligure: Bucarest
Limburgs: Boekares
lingála: Bukaresti
Livvinkarjala: Buharestu
lumbaart: Bucarest
magyar: Bukarest
македонски: Букурешт
Malagasy: Bucharest
Malti: Bukarest
Māori: Bucharest
მარგალური: ბუქარესტი
مصرى: بوخارست
مازِرونی: بخارست
Bahasa Melayu: Bucharest
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Bucharest
монгол: Бухарест
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဗူးခရက်မြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Bucuresti
Nederlands: Boekarest
नेपाली: बुखारेस्ट
日本語: ブカレスト
Napulitano: Bucarest
нохчийн: Бухарест
Nordfriisk: Bukarest
norsk: București
norsk nynorsk: Bucureşti
Novial: Bukareshti
occitan: Bucarèst
олык марий: Бухарест
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Buxarest
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬੁਖ਼ਾਰੈਸਟ
پنجابی: بخارسٹ
Papiamentu: Bucuresti
پښتو: بخارست
Piemontèis: Bùcarest
Tok Pisin: Busares
polski: Bukareszt
português: Bucareste
Qaraqalpaqsha: Buxarest
qırımtatarca: Bükreş
română: București
Romani: Bukureshti
rumantsch: Bucarest
Runa Simi: Bukuresti
русский: Бухарест
саха тыла: Бухарест
sardu: Bucarest
Scots: Bucharest
Seeltersk: Bukarest
Sesotho: Bucharest
shqip: Bukureshti
sicilianu: Bucarest
Simple English: Bucharest
slovenčina: Bukurešť
slovenščina: Bukarešta
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Боукоурєщь
ślůnski: Bukareszt
Soomaaliga: Buqarest
کوردی: بوخارێست
српски / srpski: Букурешт
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bukurešt
suomi: Bukarest
svenska: Bukarest
Tagalog: Bukarest
tarandíne: Bucarest
татарча/tatarça: Бүкрәш
tetun: Bukareste
тоҷикӣ: Бухарест
Türkçe: Bükreş
Türkmençe: Buharest
удмурт: Бухарест
українська: Бухарест
اردو: بخارسٹ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: بۇخارېست
vèneto: Bùcarest
vepsän kel’: Buharest
Tiếng Việt: Bucharest
Volapük: Bucureşti
Võro: Bukarest
walon: Bucaresse
Winaray: Bucharest
Wolof: Bukarest
ייִדיש: בוקארעשט
Yorùbá: Bucharest
Zazaki: Bukreş
žemaitėška: Bukarėštos