Brunswick Nuclear Generating Station

Brunswick Nuclear Plant
Brunswick NPP-2.jpg
Brunswick Plant
CountryUnited States
LocationSmithville Township, Brunswick County, North Carolina, near Southport, North Carolina
Coordinates33°57′30″N 78°0′37″W / 33°57′30″N 78°0′37″W / 33.95833; -78.01028
StatusOperational
Construction beganFebruary 7, 1970 (1970-02-07)
Commission dateUnit 1: March 18, 1977
Unit 2: November 3, 1975
Construction cost$2.490 billion (2007 USD)[1]
Owner(s)Duke Energy
Operator(s)Duke Energy
Nuclear power station
Reactor typeBWR
Reactor supplierGeneral Electric
Cooling sourceCape Fear River
Power generation
Units operational1 × 938 MW
1 × 920 MW
Make and modelBWR-4 (Mark 1)
Thermal capacity2 × 2923 MWth
Nameplate capacity1858 MW
Capacity factor94.43% (2017)
75.20% (lifetime)
Annual net output15,370 GWh (2017)

The Brunswick nuclear power plant, named for Brunswick County, North Carolina, covers 1,200 acres (490 ha) at 20 feet (6.1 m) above sea level about 5 miles (8.0 km) from the Atlantic Ocean. The site is adjacent to the town of Southport, North Carolina, and to wetlands and woodlands, and was opened in 1975.

The site contains two General Electric boiling water reactors, which are cooled by water collected from the Cape Fear River and discharged into the Atlantic Ocean.

Duke Energy Progress is the majority owner (81.7%) and operator of the Brunswick nuclear plant. The North Carolina Eastern Municipal Power Agency owns the remaining 18.3%. Duke Energy Progress is currently in the process of buying The North Carolina Eastern Municipal Power Agency's 18.3% Stake at Brunswick nuclear power plant. (Duke Energy completed its merger with Progress Energy on July 2, 2012.)

The Brunswick plants' proximity to the Cape Fear River and the Atlantic Ocean allowed the designers to take in cooling water from the Cape Fear river and discharge it into the Atlantic off the coast of Oak Island. Fish, crustaceans, and other debris are removed from the cooling water via a filtration system. The water then flows through the nuclear plant and discharges into a five mile long canal which passes under the Intra-Coastal Waterway at one point.

Surrounding population

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission defines two emergency planning zones around nuclear power plants: a plume exposure pathway zone with a radius of 10 miles (16 km), concerned primarily with exposure to, and inhalation of, airborne radioactive contamination, and an ingestion pathway zone of about 50 miles (80 km), concerned primarily with ingestion of food and liquid contaminated by radioactivity.[2]

The 2010 U.S. population within 10 miles (16 km) of Brunswick was 36,413, an increase of 105.3 percent in a decade, according to an analysis of U.S. Census data for msnbc.com. The 2010 U.S. population within 50 miles (80 km) was 468,953, an increase of 39.6 percent since 2000. Cities within 50 miles include Wilmington (18 miles to city center).[3]