Brooklyn

Brooklyn

Kings County, New York
Clockwise from top left: Brooklyn Bridge, Brooklyn brownstones, Soldiers' and Sailors' Arch, Brooklyn Borough Hall, Coney Island
Clockwise from top left: Brooklyn Bridge, Brooklyn brownstones, Soldiers' and Sailors' Arch, Brooklyn Borough Hall, Coney Island
Official seal of Brooklyn
Seal
Motto(s): 
Interactive map outlining Brooklyn
Location within the state of New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 40°37′29″N 73°57′8″W / 40°37′29″N 73°57′8″W / 40.62472; -73.95222
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyKings (coterminous)
CityNew York City
Settled1634
Named forBreukelen, Netherlands
Government
 • TypeBorough
 • Borough PresidentEric Adams (D)
(Borough of Brooklyn)
 • District AttorneyEric Gonzalez (D)
(Kings County)
Area
 • Total97 sq mi (250 km2)
 • Land70.82 sq mi (183.4 km2)
 • Water26 sq mi (70 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,504,700[1]
 • Density35,367.1/sq mi (13,655.3/km2)
 • Demonym
Brooklynite, Brooklyn people (plural)
ZIP Code prefix
112
Area codes718/347/929, 917
GDP (2015)US$63 billion[2]
Websitewww.Brooklyn-USA.org

Brooklyn (n/) is the most populous borough of New York City, with an estimated 2,504,700 residents in 2010.[3] Named after the Dutch village of Breukelen, it borders the borough of Queens at the western end of Long Island. Brooklyn has several bridge and tunnel connections to the borough of Manhattan across the East River, and the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge connects it with Staten Island. Since 1896, Brooklyn has been coterminous with Kings County, the most populous county in the U.S. state of New York and the second-most densely populated county in the United States, after New York County (which is coextensive with the borough of Manhattan).[4]

With a land area of 70.82 square miles (183.4 km2) and water area of 26 square miles (67 km2), Kings County is New York state's fourth-smallest county by land area and third-smallest by total area, though it is the second-largest among the city's five boroughs.[5] Today, if each borough were ranked as a city, Brooklyn would rank as the third-most populous in the U.S., after Los Angeles and Chicago.

Brooklyn was an independent incorporated city (and previously an authorized village and town within the provisions of the New York State Constitution) until January 1, 1898, when, after a long political campaign and public relations battle during the 1890s, according to the new Municipal Charter of "Greater New York", Brooklyn was consolidated with the other cities, boroughs, and counties to form the modern City of New York, surrounding the Upper New York Bay with five constituent boroughs. The borough continues, however, to maintain a distinct culture. Many Brooklyn neighborhoods are ethnic enclaves. Brooklyn's official motto, displayed on the Borough seal and flag, is Eendraght Maeckt Maght, which translates from early modern Dutch as "Unity makes strength".

In the first decades of the 21st century, Brooklyn has experienced a renaissance as an avant garde destination for hipsters,[6] with concomitant gentrification, dramatic house price increases, and a decrease in housing affordability.[7] Since the 2010s, Brooklyn has evolved into a thriving hub of entrepreneurship and high technology startup firms,[8][9] and of postmodern art[10] and design.[9]

New York City's five boroughs
JurisdictionPopulationGross Domestic ProductLand areaDensity
BoroughCountyEstimate
(2017)[11]
billions
(US$)[12]
per capita
(US$)
square
miles
square
km
persons /
sq. mi
persons /
sq. km
Bronx
1,471,16028.78719,57042.10109.0434,65313,231
Kings
2,648,77163.30323,90070.82183.4237,13714,649
New York
1,664,727629.682378,25022.8359.1372,03327,826
Queens
2,358,58273.84231,310108.53281.0921,4608,354
Richmond
479,45811.24923,46058.37151.188,1123,132
8,622,698806.86393,574302.64783.8328,18810,947
19,849,3991,547.11678,35447,214122,284416.4159
Sources:[13] and see individual borough articles

Toponymy

The name Brooklyn is derived from the original Dutch colonial name Breuckelen, meaning marshland. Established in 1646, the name first appeared in print in 1663.[14] The Dutch colonists named it after the scenic town of Breukelen, Netherlands.[15][16] Over the past two millennia, the ancient town in Holland's name has been Bracola, Broccke, Brocckede, Broiclede, Brocklandia, Broekclen, Broikelen, Breuckelen and finally Breukelen.[17] The New Amsterdam settlement of Breuckelen also went through many spelling variations, including Breucklyn, Breuckland, Brucklyn, Broucklyn, Brookland, Brockland, Brocklin, and Brookline/Brook-line. There have been so many variations of the name that its origin has been debated; some have claimed breuckelen means "broken land."[18] The final name of Brooklyn, however, is the most accurate to its meaning.[19][20]

Other Languages
العربية: بروكلين
asturianu: Brooklyn
azərbaycanca: Bruklin
বাংলা: ব্রুকলিন
Bân-lâm-gú: Brooklyn
беларуская: Бруклін
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Бруклін
български: Бруклин
Boarisch: Brooklyn
bosanski: Brooklyn
brezhoneg: Brooklyn
català: Brooklyn
čeština: Brooklyn
Cymraeg: Brooklyn
dansk: Brooklyn
Deutsch: Brooklyn
eesti: Brooklyn
Ελληνικά: Μπρούκλιν
español: Brooklyn
Esperanto: Broklino
euskara: Brooklyn
فارسی: بروکلین
français: Brooklyn
Gaeilge: Brooklyn
galego: Brooklyn
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Brooklyn
한국어: 브루클린
հայերեն: Բրուքլին
हिन्दी: ब्रुकलीन
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: কিংস কাউন্টি, নিউ ইয়র্ক
Bahasa Indonesia: Brooklyn
interlingua: Brooklyn
Ирон: Бруклин
íslenska: Brooklyn
italiano: Brooklyn
עברית: ברוקלין
ქართული: ბრუკლინი
қазақша: Бруклин
Kiswahili: Brooklyn
Кыргызча: Бруклин
Latina: Brooklynium
latviešu: Bruklina
lietuvių: Bruklinas
magyar: Brooklyn
македонски: Бруклин
मराठी: ब्रूकलिन
მარგალური: ბრუკლინი
Bahasa Melayu: Brooklyn
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Bók-gì-lāng
Dorerin Naoero: Brooklyn
norsk: Brooklyn
norsk nynorsk: Brooklyn
occitan: Brooklyn
پنجابی: بروکلن
polski: Brooklyn
português: Brooklyn
română: Brooklyn
русский: Бруклин
Scots: Brooklyn
shqip: Brooklyn
sicilianu: Brucculinu
Simple English: Brooklyn
slovenčina: Brooklyn
slovenščina: Brooklyn
کوردی: بڕۆکلین
српски / srpski: Бруклин
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Brooklyn
suomi: Brooklyn
svenska: Brooklyn
Tagalog: Brooklyn
Türkçe: Brooklyn
українська: Бруклін
Tiếng Việt: Brooklyn
Winaray: Brooklyn
ייִדיש: ברוקלין
Yorùbá: Brooklyn
粵語: 布碌侖
Zazaki: Brooklyn