Brive-la-Gaillarde

Brive-la-Gaillarde
Visitor centre
Visitor centre
Coat of arms of Brive-la-Gaillarde
Coat of arms
Location of Brive-la-Gaillarde
Brive-la-Gaillarde is located in France
Brive-la-Gaillarde
Brive-la-Gaillarde
Brive-la-Gaillarde is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Brive-la-Gaillarde
Brive-la-Gaillarde
Coordinates: 45°09′30″N 1°31′56″E / 45°09′30″N 1°31′56″E / 45.1583; 1.5321UTC+02:00 (CEST)
19031 /19100
Elevation102–315 m (335–1,033 ft)
(avg. 142 m or 466 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Brive-la-Gaillarde (French pronunciation: ​[bʁiv la ɡajaʁd]; Limousin dialect of Occitan language: Briva la Galharda) is a commune of France. It is a sub-prefecture of the Corrèze department. It has around 50,000 inhabitants, while the population of the urban area was 89,260 in 1999.

Although it is by far the biggest commune in Corrèze, the capital is Tulle. In French popular culture, the town is associated with a song by Georges Brassens.

History

Even though the inhabitants settled around the 1st century, the city only started to grow much later. From around the 5th century onwards, the original city began to develop around a church dedicated to Saint-Martin-l'Espagnol. During the 12th century walls were built around the city and during the Hundred Years' War a second wall was built. These fortifications no longer exist and have been replaced by boulevards.

The commune was named "Brive" until 1919, when it was renamed "Brive-la-Gaillarde". The word "Gaillarde" (still used in current French) probably stands for bravery or strength in the city's name, but it can also refer to the city's walls. Brive now extends outside of its original boundaries into Malemort and Ussac.

During World War II, Brive-la-Gaillarde was a regional capital of the Resistance, acting as a seat of several clandestine information networks and several of the principal resistance movements, including the Armée secrète (or “Secret Army”) and the Mouvements Unis de la Résistance (or "United Movements of the Resistance").

Brive-la-Gaillarde was the first city of Occupied France to liberate itself by its own means, on 15 August 1944. For this, the city received the “Croix de guerre 1939–1945” military decoration.

The medieval centre is mainly a commercial district with retail shops and various Labenche museum. One notable landmark outside the inner city is the Pont Cardinal, a bridge which used to be a crossing point for travelers from Paris to Toulouse.

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Brive-la-Gaillarde
brezhoneg: Briva
català: Briva
Bahasa Indonesia: Brive-la-Gaillarde
қазақша: Брив-ла-Гаярд
Latina: Briva
مازِرونی: بریو لگیرد
Bahasa Melayu: Brive-la-Gaillarde
Nederlands: Brive-la-Gaillarde
Napulitano: Brive-la-Gaillarde
norsk nynorsk: Brive-la-Gaillarde
occitan: Briva
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Brive-la-Gaillarde
Piemontèis: Brive-la-Gaillarde
português: Brive-la-Gaillarde
Simple English: Brive
slovenčina: Brive-la-Gaillarde
slovenščina: Brive-la-Gaillarde
српски / srpski: Брив ла Гајард
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Brive-la-Gaillarde
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Brive-la-Gaillarde
українська: Брив-ла-Гаярд
Tiếng Việt: Brive-la-Gaillarde