Temporal range: Upper Cambrian–Recent
Triops (Notostraca: Triopsidae)
left: dorsal view; right: ventral view
Scientific classification edit
Latreille, 1817

Branchiopoda is a class of crustaceans. It comprises fairy shrimp, clam shrimp, Cladocera, Notostraca and the Devonian Lepidocaris. They are mostly small, freshwater animals that feed on plankton and detritus.


Members of the Branchiopoda are unified by the presence of gills on many of the animals' appendages, including some of the mouthparts. This is also responsible for the name of the group[1] (from the Ancient Greek: βράγχια, gills, akin to βρόγχος, windpipe; Greek: πούς, foot).[2] They generally possess compound eyes and a carapace, which may be a shell of two valves enclosing the trunk (as in most Cladocera), broad and shallow (as in the Notostraca), or entirely absent (as in the Anostraca).[3] In the groups where the carapace prevents the use of the trunk limbs for swimming (Cladocera, clam shrimp and the extinct Lipostraca), the antennae are used for locomotion, as they are in the nauplius.[3] Male fairy shrimp have an enlarged pair of antennae with which they grasp the female during mating, while the bottom-feeding Notostraca, the antennae are reduced to vestiges.[3] The trunk limbs are beaten in a metachronal rhythm, causing a flow of water along the midline of the animal, from which it derives oxygen, food and, in the case of the Anostraca and Notostraca, movement.[3]

Other Languages
asturianu: Branchiopoda
azərbaycanca: Ayaqqəlsəməlilər
беларуская: Жабраногія
Cebuano: Branchiopoda
čeština: Lupenonožci
español: Branchiopoda
Esperanto: Brankiopodoj
euskara: Branchiopoda
français: Branchiopodes
Gaeilge: Branchiopoda
한국어: 새각류
हिन्दी: क्लोमपाद
hrvatski: Škrgonošci
Bahasa Indonesia: Branchiopoda
interlingua: Branchiopoda
italiano: Branchiopoda
Basa Jawa: Branchiopoda
latviešu: Žaunkājvēži
lietuvių: Žiaunakojai
Limburgs: Kiewpuuetige
македонски: Жаброноги
Bahasa Melayu: Brankiopoda
Nederlands: Branchiopoda
日本語: 鰓脚綱
norsk nynorsk: Bladfotkreps
polski: Skrzelonogi
português: Branchiopoda
română: Branhiopode
русский: Жаброногие
Simple English: Branchiopoda
slovenčina: Lupeňonôžky
slovenščina: Branchiopoda
svenska: Bladfotingar
українська: Зяброногі раки
Tiếng Việt: Lớp Chân mang
Winaray: Branchiopoda
中文: 鰓足綱