Total population
6–7 million
Regions with significant populations
 Bosnia and Herzegovina3,531,159
 Turkey109,000 to 2,000,000 including people of Bosnian ancestry[1][2]
 United States300,000[citation needed]
 Austria128,047[citation needed]
 Netherlands35, 000[citation needed]
 Sweden58,181 (2016)[3]
 Italy31,000[citation needed]
Serbo-Croatian (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian)
Majority: Islam, Christianity: (Eastern Orthodoxy, Roman Catholicism)
Minority: Judaism, Agnosticism, Atheism
Related ethnic groups
Bosniaks, Bosnian Serbs, Bosnian Croats, Bosnian Jews, Bosnian Roma

Bosnians (Bosnian: Bosanci / Босанци; singular: Bosanac / Босанац) are referred to as members of the general population of Bosnia, one of two main regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As a common demonym, the term Bosnians refers to the entire population of the region, regardless of any ethnic or religious affiliation. It can also be used as a designation for anyone who is descended from the region of Bosnia. Also, a Bosnian can be anyone who holds citizenship of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina and thus is largely synonymous with the all-encompassing national demonym Bosnians and Herzegovinians. This includes, but is not limited to, members of the constituent ethnic groups of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats. Those who reside in the smaller geographical region of Herzegovina usually prefer to identify as Herzegovinians.

As a common demonym, the term Bosnians should not be confused with somewhat similar, but not identical ethnonym Bosniaks, designating ethnic Bosniaks.


In modern English, term Bosnians is the most commonly used exonym for the general population of Bosnia. In older English literature, inhabitants of Bosnia were sometimes also referred to as Bosniacs or Bosniaks. All of those terms (Bosnians, Bosniacs, Bosniaks) were used interchangeably, as common demonyms for the entire population of Bosnia, including all ethnic and religious groups. When pointing to different religious affiliations within the general population of Bosnia, English authors were using common terms like Christian Bosniacs,[10] or Mohammedan Bosniacs,[11] and also Christian Bosniaks,[12] or Mohammedan Bosniaks.[13] Up to the 20th century, in English language, none of those terms (Bosnians, Bosniacs, Bosniaks) were used to designate a distinctive ethnicity.

Since the end of the 20th century, when the majority of ethnic Muslims in former Yugoslavia decided to adopt term Bosniaks as their ethnic designation, consequent use of that particular term in English language has gradually adapted to the new situation. Today, term Bosniaks (including the spelling variant Bosniacs) is primarily used in English language as a designation for ethnic Bosniaks, while the term Bosnians has kept its general meaning, designating all inhabitants of Bosnia.

Other Languages
تۆرکجه: بوسنیلار
български: Босненци
bosanski: Bosanci
català: Bosnians
čeština: Bosňané
dansk: Bosniere
Deutsch: Bosnier
Ελληνικά: Βόσνιοι
эрзянь: Босниецт
español: Bosnios
Esperanto: Bosnianoj
Frysk: Bosnjers
Gaeilge: Boisniaigh
ქართული: ბოსნიელები
მარგალური: ბოსნიარეფი
Nederlands: Bosniërs
日本語: ボスニア人
polski: Bośniacy
português: Bósnios
slovenščina: Bosanci
српски / srpski: Босанци
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bosanci
svenska: Bosnier
Türkçe: Bosnalılar