Boeing 737 MAX
|Boeing 737 MAX|
|First flight||January 29, 2016|
|Introduction||May 22, 2017 with |
|Number built||393 as of March 2019|
|Program cost||Airframe only: $1–1.8 billion; including engine development: $2–3B|
MAX 7: US$99.7 million
MAX 8: US$121.6M
MAX 200: US$124.8M
MAX 9: US$128.9M
MAX 10: US$134.9M as of 2019
The Boeing 737 MAX is a
The new series was publicly announced on August 30, 2011. The first 737 MAX performed its first flight on January 29, 2016. The series gained FAA certification in March 2017. The first delivery was a MAX 8 in May 2017, to
The 737 MAX series has been offered in four variants, typically offering 138 to 230 seats and a 3,215 to 3,825 nmi (5,954 to 7,084 km) range. The 737 MAX 7, MAX 8 (including the denser, 200–seat MAX 200), and MAX 9 are intended to replace the 737-700, -800, and -900, respectively. Additional length is offered with the further stretched 737 MAX 10. As of June 2019, the Boeing 737 MAX has received 4,934 firm orders and delivered 387 aircraft.
After two fatal crashes of Boeing 737 MAX 8 aircraft in October 2018 and March 2019, regulatory authorities around the world
In 2006, Boeing started considering the replacement of the 737 with a "clean-sheet" design that could follow the
On December 1, 2010, Boeing's competitor,
On July 20, 2011,
On August 30, 2011, Boeing's board of directors approved the launch of the re-engined 737, expecting a fuel burn 4% lower than the A320neo. Studies for additional drag reduction were performed during 2011, including revised tail cone, natural laminar flow nacelle, and hybrid laminar flow vertical stabilizer. Boeing abandoned the development of a new design. Boeing expected the 737 MAX to meet or exceed the range of the Airbus A320neo. Firm configuration for the 737 MAX was scheduled for 2013.
In March 2010, the estimated cost to re-engine the 737 according to Mike Bair, Boeing Commercial Airplanes' vice president of business strategy & marketing, would be $2–3 billion including the CFM engine development. During Boeing's Q2 2011 earnings call, former CFO James Bell said the development cost for the airframe only would be 10–15% of the cost of a new program estimated at $10–12 billion at the time.
Fuel consumption is reduced by 14% from the 737NG. In November 2014, Boeing Chief Executive Officer Jim McNerney said the 737 will be replaced by a new airplane by 2030, slightly bigger and with new engines but keeping its general configuration, probably a composite airplane.
On August 13, 2015, the first 737 MAX fuselage completed assembly at
A new spar-assembly line with
The rate increase strained the production and by August 2018, over 40 unfinished jets were parked in Renton, awaiting parts or engine installation, as
In collaboration with
From mid-April 2019, the company announced it was temporarily cutting production of the 737 aircraft from 52 per month to 42 amid the
The first flight took place on January 29, 2016, at
The 737 MAX gained
During the certification process, the FAA delegated many evaluations to Boeing, allowing the manufacturer to review their own product. It was widely reported that Boeing pushed to expedite approval of the 737 MAX to compete with the Airbus A320neo. That aircraft hit the market nine months ahead of Boeing's model.
The first delivery was a MAX 8, handed over to
Boeing aimed to match the 99.7% dispatch reliability of the 737 Next Generation (NG). Southwest Airlines, the launch customer, took delivery of its first 737 MAX on August 29, 2017. Boeing planned to deliver at least 50 to 75 aircraft in 2017, 10–15% of the more than 500 737s to be delivered in the year.
After one year of service, 130 MAXs had been delivered to 28 customers, logging over 41,000 flights in 118,000 hours and flying over 6.5 million passengers.
By March 2019, the 737 MAX had been involved in two fatal accidents within five months,
After Indonesian investigators of the first 737 MAX 8 crash on October 29, 2018 issued their preliminary report in late November 2018, Boeing began developing and evaluating a software fix to the MCAS that is subject to review by a panel of global aviation regulators. Although Boeing was working on a fix, the plane continued to fly, and Boeing and the FAA advocated it continue flying even after the second crash and in the face of worldwide airline groundings, until all data was received. Airline users of the 737 MAX announced daily flight cancellations expected to extend through August 2019, later extended to November. Boeing Chief Executive Dennis Muilenburg said in June 2019 that the planes would get a green light to fly again by the end of the year but declined to provide a timeline. In late June 2019, the FAA discovered a new issue in the flight control system, resulting in expectations of further delays.