Bismarck Sea

Bismarck Sea
Bismarck Sea is located northeast of the island of New Guinea
Bismarck Sea in Papua New Guinea
LocationOceania
TypeSea
EtymologyOtto von Bismarck
Part ofPacific Ocean
Basin countriesPapua New Guinea
SettlementsMadang

The Bismarck Sea (German: Bismarcksee) lies in the southwestern Pacific Ocean within the nation of Papua New Guinea. It is located northeast of the island of New Guinea and south of the Bismarck Archipelago and the Admiralty Islands. It has coastlines in districts of the Islands Region, Momase Region, and Papua Region.

Geography

Like the Bismarck Archipelago, it is named in honour of the first German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck. The Bismarck Archipelago extends round to the east and north of the sea, enclosing the Bismarck Sea and separating it from the Southern Pacific Ocean. To the south it is linked to the Solomon Sea by the Vitiaz Strait.[1]

Official boundaries

Ulawun Volcano and Lolobau Island in the Bismarck Sea.

The International Hydrographic Organization defines the Bismarck Sea as "that area of the South Pacific Ocean off the northeast coast of New Guinea", with the following limits:[2]

On the North and East. By the Northern and Northeastern coasts of the islands of New Ireland, New Hanover, the Admiralty Islands, Hermit Island, and the Ninigo Group, through Manu and Aua Islands to Wuvulu Island and thence a line to Baudissin Point in New Guinea (142°02'E).

On the Southeast. A line from the Southern point of New Ireland along the parallel of 4°50' South to the coast of New Britain, along its Northern coast and thence a line from its Western extreme through the Northern point of Umboi Island to Teliata Point, New Guinea (5°55′S 147°24′E / 5°55′S 147°24′E / -5.917; 147.400)

On the Southwest. By the Northeast coast of New Guinea.

Mineral wealth

Recent explorations in the Bismarck Sea seabed have yielded discoveries of mineral-rich beds of sulfides, copper, zinc, silver and gold. These findings are especially important because they lie in shallow, calm waters. Papua New Guinea owns the mining rights to these minerals under international law.[3]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Bismarcksee
Alemannisch: Bismarcksee
العربية: بحر بيسمارك
azərbaycanca: Bismark dənizi
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Новагвінэйскае мора
brezhoneg: Mor Bismarck
Cymraeg: Môr Bismarck
Deutsch: Bismarcksee
español: Mar de Bismarck
Esperanto: Bismarka Maro
français: Mer de Bismarck
Bahasa Indonesia: Laut Bismarck
íslenska: Bismarck-haf
עברית: ים ביסמרק
lietuvių: Bismarko jūra
македонски: Бизмарково Море
მარგალური: ბისმარკიშ ზუღა
Bahasa Melayu: Laut Bismarck
Nederlands: Bismarckzee
олык марий: У Гвиней теҥыз
português: Mar de Bismarck
română: Marea Bismarck
српски / srpski: Бизмарково море
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bismarckovo more
svenska: Bismarcksjön
Tiếng Việt: Biển Bismarck
粵語: 俾斯麥海
中文: 俾斯麦海