Bishop

A bishop (English derivation[a][1][2][3] from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.

Within the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican, Old Catholic and Independent Catholic churches and in the Assyrian Church of the East, bishops claim apostolic succession, a direct historical lineage dating back to the original Twelve Apostles. Within these churches, bishops are seen as those who possess the full priesthood and can ordain clergy – including another bishop. Some Protestant churches including the Lutheran and Methodist churches have bishops serving similar functions as well, though not always understood to be within apostolic succession in the same way. One who has been ordained deacon, priest, and then bishop is understood to hold the fullness of the (ministerial) priesthood, given responsibility by Christ to govern, teach and sanctify the Body of Christ, members of the Faithful. Priests, deacons and lay ministers cooperate and assist their bishops in shepherding a flock.

Term

The term epískopos (Ancient Greek: ἐπίσκοπος), meaning "overseer" in Greek, the early language of the Christian Church, was not from the earliest times clearly distinguished from the term presbýteros (literally: "elder" or "senior", origin of the modern English word priest), but the term was already clearly used in the sense of the order or office of bishop, distinct from that of presbyter in the writings attributed to Ignatius of Antioch [4] (died c. 110).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Biskop
Alemannisch: Bischof
العربية: أسقف
aragonés: Bispe
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܦܣܩܘܦܐ
asturianu: Obispu
azərbaycanca: Yepiskop
Bân-lâm-gú: Chú-kàu
беларуская: Епіскап
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Біскуп
български: Епископ
Boarisch: Bischof
bosanski: Biskup
brezhoneg: Eskob
català: Bisbe
čeština: Biskup
corsu: Vescu
Cymraeg: Esgob
dansk: Biskop
Deutsch: Bischof
eesti: Piiskop
Ελληνικά: Επίσκοπος
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Véscuv
español: Obispo
Esperanto: Episkopo
euskara: Apezpiku
فارسی: اسقف
français: Évêque
Frysk: Biskop
furlan: Vescul
Gaeilge: Easpag
Gàidhlig: Easbaig
galego: Bispo
한국어: 주교
Հայերեն: Եպիսկոպոս
hrvatski: Biskup
Bahasa Indonesia: Uskup
interlingua: Episcopo
íslenska: Biskup
italiano: Vescovo
עברית: בישוף
Basa Jawa: Biskop
ქართული: ეპისკოპოსი
қазақша: Архиерей
Kiswahili: Askofu
Кыргызча: Епископ
Latina: Episcopus
latviešu: Bīskaps
Lëtzebuergesch: Bëschof
lietuvių: Vyskupas
Limburgs: Biesjop
magyar: Püspök
മലയാളം: മെത്രാൻ
मराठी: बिशप
مصرى: اسقف
Bahasa Melayu: Uskup
Nederlands: Bisschop
Nedersaksies: Biskop
norsk: Biskop
norsk nynorsk: Biskop
occitan: Evesque
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Yepiskop
polski: Biskup
português: Bispo
română: Episcop
Runa Simi: Hatun yaya
русский: Епископ
sardu: Pìscamu
Scots: Beeshop
shqip: Ipeshkvi
sicilianu: Vìscuvu
Simple English: Bishop
slovenčina: Biskup
slovenščina: Škof
српски / srpski: Епископ
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Episkopos
suomi: Piispa
svenska: Biskop
Tagalog: Obispo (pari)
татарча/tatarça: Әрхәрәй
Türkçe: Piskopos
українська: Єпископ
اردو: اسقف
vèneto: Vescovo
Tiếng Việt: Giám mục
walon: Veke
Winaray: Obispo
吴语: 主敎
粵語: 主教
Zazaki: Piskopos
žemaitėška: Vīskops
中文: 主教