Biology

Biology deals with the study of life and organisms.

Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical processes, molecular interactions, physiological mechanisms, development and evolution.[1] Despite the complexity of the science, there are certain unifying concepts that consolidate it into a single, coherent field. Biology recognizes the cell as the basic unit of life, genes as the basic unit of heredity, and evolution as the engine that propels the creation and extinction of species. Living organisms are open systems that survive by transforming energy and decreasing their local entropy[2] to maintain a stable and vital condition defined as homeostasis.[3]

Sub-disciplines of biology are defined by the research methods employed and the kind of system studied: theoretical biology uses mathematical methods to formulate quantitative models while experimental biology performs empirical experiments to test the validity of proposed theories and understand the mechanisms underlying life and how it appeared and evolved from non-living matter about 4 billion years ago through a gradual increase in the complexity of the system.[4][5][6] See branches of biology.

Etymology

Biology derives from the Ancient Greek words of βίος; romanized bíos meaning "life" and -λογία; romanized logía (-logy) meaning "branch of study" or "to speak". Those combined make the Greek word βιολογία; romanized biología meaning biology. Although this, the term βιολογία as a whole didn't exist in Ancient Greek. First to borrow it were the English and French biologie. Since the advent of the scientific era, reanalyzable as a compound using the combining forms bio + logy.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Biologie
Alemannisch: Biologie
አማርኛ: ሥነ ሕይወት
Аҧсшәа: Абиологиа
العربية: علم الأحياء
aragonés: Biolochía
armãneashti: Biologie
arpetan: Biologia
অসমীয়া: জীৱ বিজ্ঞান
asturianu: Bioloxía
azərbaycanca: Biologiya
تۆرکجه: جانلی بیلیم
Bahasa Banjar: Biologi
Bân-lâm-gú: Seng-bu̍t-ha̍k
Basa Banyumasan: Biologi
башҡортса: Биология
беларуская: Біялогія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Біялёгія
भोजपुरी: जीव बिज्ञान
Bislama: Baeoloji
български: Биология
Boarisch: Biologie
bosanski: Biologija
brezhoneg: Bevoniezh
буряад: Биологи
català: Biologia
Чӑвашла: Биологи
Cebuano: Biyolohiya
čeština: Biologie
Chamoru: Bioloyia
chiShona: Unenamhenyu
corsu: Biologia
Cymraeg: Bywydeg
dansk: Biologi
Deutsch: Biologie
ދިވެހިބަސް: ދިރުމާބެހޭ އިލްމު
eesti: Bioloogia
Ελληνικά: Βιολογία
español: Biología
Esperanto: Biologio
estremeñu: Biologia
euskara: Biologia
Fiji Hindi: Jiu vigyan
føroyskt: Lívfrøði
français: Biologie
Frysk: Biology
furlan: Biologjie
Gàidhlig: Bith-eòlas
galego: Bioloxía
Gĩkũyũ: Bayorojĩ
ગુજરાતી: જીવવિજ્ઞાન
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sâng-vu̍t-ho̍k
хальмг: Биолог
한국어: 생물학
Hawaiʻi: Kālaimeaola
Արեւմտահայերէն: Կենսաբանութիւն
hornjoserbsce: Biologija
hrvatski: Biologija
Ilokano: Biolohia
Bahasa Indonesia: Biologi
interlingua: Biologia
Interlingue: Biologie
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐆᒪᔅᓱᓯᖃᕐᑐᓕᕆᓂᖅ
Ирон: Биологи
isiXhosa: IBayoloji
íslenska: Líffræði
italiano: Biologia
עברית: ביולוגיה
Jawa: Biologi
kalaallisut: Uumassusililerineq
Kapampangan: Biologia
ქართული: ბიოლოგია
kaszëbsczi: Biologijô
қазақша: Биология
kernowek: Bywonieth
Kiswahili: Biolojia
Kreyòl ayisyen: Biyoloji
kurdî: Biyolojî
Кыргызча: Биология
Ladino: Biolojiya
لۊری شومالی: زئشت
Latina: Biologia
latviešu: Bioloģija
Lëtzebuergesch: Biologie
лезги: Биология
lietuvių: Biologija
Ligure: Biologia
Limburgs: Biologie
Lingua Franca Nova: Biolojia
Livvinkarjala: Biolougii
la .lojban.: mivyske
Luganda: Essomabiramu
lumbaart: Biolojia
magyar: Biológia
македонски: Биологија
Malagasy: Biolojia
მარგალური: ბიოლოგია
Bahasa Melayu: Biologi
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Sĕng-ŭk-hŏk
Mirandés: Biologie
монгол: Амин судлал
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဇီဝဗေဒ
Nāhuatl: Yolizmatiliztli
Nederlands: Biologie
Nedersaksies: Biologie
नेपाली: जीवशास्त्र
नेपाल भाषा: जीवशास्त्र
日本語: 生物学
Napulitano: Biologgia
нохчийн: Биологи
Nordfriisk: Biologii
Norfuk / Pitkern: Biiolojii
norsk: Biologi
norsk nynorsk: Biologi
Nouormand: Biologie
Novial: Biologia
occitan: Biologia
олык марий: Биологий
Oromoo: Baayoloojii
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Biologiya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜੀਵ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ
Pälzisch: Biologie
پنجابی: جیون پڑھت
Papiamentu: Biologia
Patois: Bailoji
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ជីវវិទ្យា
Piemontèis: Biologìa
Tok Pisin: Save long laip
Plattdüütsch: Biologie
polski: Biologia
português: Biologia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Biologiya
qırımtatarca: Ayatiyat
română: Biologie
rumantsch: Biologia
Runa Simi: Kawsay yachay
русиньскый: Біолоґія
русский: Биология
саха тыла: Биология
Gagana Samoa: Paiolo
संस्कृतम्: जीवशास्त्रम्
sardu: Biologia
Scots: Biology
Seeltersk: Biologie
Sesotho sa Leboa: Thutaphedi
shqip: Biologjia
sicilianu: Bioluggìa
Simple English: Biology
سنڌي: حياتيات
SiSwati: Ibhayoloji
slovenčina: Biológia
slovenščina: Biologija
Soomaaliga: Bayoloji
کوردی: ژینناسی
српски / srpski: Биологија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Biologija
Basa Sunda: Biologi
suomi: Biologia
svenska: Biologi
Tagalog: Biyolohiya
தமிழ்: உயிரியல்
Taqbaylit: Tasnudert
татарча/tatarça: Биология
tetun: Biolojia
ትግርኛ: ባዮሎጂ
тоҷикӣ: Зистшиносӣ
Türkçe: Biyoloji
Türkmençe: Biologiýa
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Piöcëpïr
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: ᨅᨗᨕᨚᨒᨚᨁᨗ
українська: Біологія
اردو: حیاتیات
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: بىئولوگىيە
vèneto: Biołogia
Tiếng Việt: Sinh học
Volapük: Lifav
Võro: Bioloogia
文言: 生物學
West-Vlams: Biologie
Winaray: Biyolohiya
吴语: 生物學
Xitsonga: Ntivo-Vutomi
ייִדיש: ביאלאגיע
粵語: 生物學
Zazaki: Biyolociye
Zeêuws: Biologie
žemaitėška: Bioluogėjė
中文: 生物学