Bill Rieflin

Bill Rieflin
Rieflin's face with a pale violet filter on the photo
Bill Rieflin in 2012
Background information
Birth nameWilliam Frederick Rieflin
Born(1960-09-29)September 29, 1960
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
DiedMarch 24, 2020(2020-03-24) (aged 59)
GenresIndustrial, experimental rock, alternative rock, heavy metal, progressive rock
Occupation(s)Multi-instrumentalist, producer
InstrumentsDrums, keyboards, guitar, bass
Associated actsMinistry, R.E.M., Sweet 75, Revolting Cocks, KMFDM, Pigface, Nine Inch Nails, King Crimson, Robbie Williams

William Frederick Rieflin (September 29, 1960[1] – March 24, 2020) was an American musician. Rieflin came to prominence in the 1990s mainly for his work as a drummer with groups (particularly in the industrial rock and industrial metal scenes) such as Ministry, the Revolting Cocks, Lard, KMFDM, Pigface, Swans, Chris Connelly, and Nine Inch Nails. He worked regularly with R.E.M. following the retirement of Bill Berry in 1997. He was a member of King Crimson from 2013 until his death in 2020.

Career

Rieflin began his professional career in his hometown of Seattle. In 1975, he was in The Telepaths, a band which played backup for a couple of live gigs by the pre-The Screamers band The Tupperwares.[2]He played drums for The Blackouts starting in 1979. His bandmates included Mike Davidson, Paul Barker, Roland Barker and Erich Werner. Eventually that band dissolved and Paul Barker joined the nascent Ministry.[3] His earliest collaboration with Al Jourgensen was on the second single by the Revolting Cocks, You Often Forget.[4]

Later, he participated in the creation of Ministry's album The Land of Rape and Honey, and was noted for his performance in the live video In Case You Didn't Feel Like Showing Up (alongside fellow drummer Martin Atkins).[5] His work with Ministry and its side projects lasted through to the mid-nineties, though he noted that he was never credited as a member of Ministry proper, always as an "other" musician. Therefore, when he parted ways with the band during the Filth Pig sessions, he did not really quit since he was never an official member.[6]

Rieflin helped Atkins kick off Pigface, the industrial collective that would grow to incorporate hundreds of artists, formed a friendship with labelmate Chris Connelly and founded First World Music.[7] Like Connelly, Rieflin's work grew beyond his industrial roots. They have collaborated on several recordings; two in particular, The Ultimate Seaside Companion (as "The Bells") and Largo, showcase Rieflin's keyboard skills.[8]

Rieflin's solo debut, Birth of a Giant featured him singing in something other than a background role, and also featured Robert Fripp.[9] Improvisations from these sessions turned up later on the CD The Repercussions of Angelic Behavior, which was credited to Rieflin, Fripp and Trey Gunn.[10]

Rieflin appeared on all KMFDM records released from 1995 to 2003 as a drummer, programmer, vocalist and keyboardist.[11] He toured with the band as a bassist in 2002 in support of its comeback album, Attak and performed on the 2011 KMFDM album, WTF?!.[12] He also drummed for Scott McCaughey's band, The Minus 5, which occasionally included guitarist Peter Buck.[3] Eventually Buck offered Rieflin the opportunity to sit in with R.E.M., who were missing a permanent drummer since the 1997 departure of Bill Berry.[13] The band gave him the live drummer slot in its 2003 tour.[14] They later announced that Rieflin would fill the role indefinitely, though once again as a hired musician rather than as an official member. In recordings, Rieflin also contributed bouzouki, keyboards and guitars to the group, serving as an auxiliary member until R.E.M. disbanded in 2011.[13]

Rieflin formed an experimental ensemble under the name Slow Music in 2005 (including Fripp and Buck) in which he played synthesizers rather than drums. The group played a small handful of live dates in 2005 and 2006 and became inactive for several years.[13] He was also involved in a music collaboration project entitled The Humans, which consisted of him, Chris Wong, Fripp and Toyah Willcox. The band performed a series of live dates in Estonia in Autumn 2007 and 2009, and released their debut album We are the Humans in 2009.[3] Hector Zazou's 2010 album Corps Electriques featured Rieflin, as well as KatieJane Garside, Lone Kent and nu-jazz trumpeter Nils Petter Molvær.[15]

The band onstage smiling
Rieflin drumming behind R.E.M. on the band's final tour in 2008

Rieflin was a regular contributor to Swans ever since the 1995 album The Great Annihilator,[16] and played an array of instruments on all their studio recordings since the band reformed in 2010 and released My Father Will Guide Me up a Rope to the Sky.[17] Rieflin is listed as an "honorary Swan" on the band's 2012 album The Seer.[18]

In 2012, Rieflin performed on drums for Robbie Williams's album Take the Crown.[19] Later that year he produced the single Crush Vaccine for Atomic Bride.[20]

In an online diary entry dated September 6, 2013, Robert Fripp announced a new lineup for King Crimson that included Rieflin as one of the band's three drummers.[21] A few days after the first full-length live release of the band with Rieflin on board (Live in Toronto 2015), Fripp announced Rieflin's decision to take a sabbatical from the band, effective March 6, 2016, "a decision supported by all the Crimson Brothers."[22] In early 2017, Fripp announced that Rieflin would be returning alongside his replacement, Jeremy Stacey. Due to Fripp's desire to stave off complacency after several years of touring, Rieflin "will be focusing on mellotron, keys and fairy dusting, rather than using drums as a main instrument" in the new Double Quartet configuration,[23] thus becoming the band's first full-time keyboardist ever. For the US Autumn 2017 tour dates in October–November, he was replaced by the Seattle-based musician Chris Gibson.[24] He rejoined in 2018 before taking another indefinite sabbatical in 2019.[13]

Personal life and death

Rieflin was married to painter Francesca Sundsten until her death in 2019.[25] Albums made by groups Rieflin has been part of have featured her artwork on their covers, such as Pigface's Gub, KMFDM's Nihil, Filthy Friends' Invitation and King Crimson's Radical Action to Unseat the Hold of Monkey Mind.[26] Rieflin died on March 24, 2020 from cancer at the age of 59.[3]

Discography

Key
Live releaseIndicates a live release
Name of release year, artist, release title and Rieflin's contribution
YearArtistTitleContributionRef.
1988MinistryThe Land of Rape and HoneyDrums, programming, keyboards, guitar, background vocals[27]
1988Revolting CocksLive! You Goddamned Son of a Bitch daggerDrums[28]
1989MinistryThe Mind Is a Terrible Thing to TasteDrums, programming, background vocals[29]
1990Revolting CocksBeers, Steers, and QueersDrums, programming[30]
1990MinistryIn Case You Didn't Feel Like Showing Up daggerDrums[31]
1990LardThe Last Temptation of ReidDrums (two tracks)[32]
19901000 Homo DJs"Supernaut"Drums[33]
1990KMFDMNaïveDrums (one track)[34]
1991PigfaceGubDrums, guitar, bass, synthesizer, sounds[35]
1991PigfaceLean Juicy PorkInterviewee[36]
1992MinistryPsalm 69: The Way to Succeed and the Way to Suck EggsDrums[37]
1992Revolting CocksBig Sexy LandDrums[38]
1992PigfaceWelcome to Mexico... Asshole daggerDrums[39]
1993Revolting CocksLinger Ficken' GoodDrums, organ, programming, production[40]
1995SwansThe Great AnnihilatorDrums, sounds, percussion, 12-string acoustic guitar, sequencing[41]
1995KMFDMNihilDrums (three tracks)[42]
1995Michael GiraDrainlandRhythm programming, keyboards, electric bass guitar, samples, engineering, production, arrangement, studio provision[43]
1996MinistryFilth PigDrums (one track)[44]
1996KMFDMXtortDrums[45]
1996SwansSoundtracks for the BlindDrums[46]
1997LardPure Chewing SatisfactionDrums[47]
1997KMFDMSymbolsDrums, programming, percussion, photography, sequencing (three tracks)[48]
1999Angels of LightNew MotherPercussion, piano, bass guitar, organ, synthesizers, acoustic guitar, backing vocals[49]
1999KMFDMAdiosProgramming (one track)[50]
1999Nine Inch NailsThe FragileDrums (one track)[51]
1999Bill RieflinThe Repercussions of Angelic BehaviorDrums, mixing[52]
1999Bill RieflinBirth of a GiantDrums, bass, guitar, production, vocals[53]
2000Lard70's Rock Must DieDrums (one track)[54]
2001Bill Rieflin & Chris ConnellyLargoKeyboards, mixing, piano, production, vocals[55]
2001LandRoad MoviesDrums[56]
2002KMFDMAttakDrums, bass, programming, synthesizers, percussion, guitar[57]
2003KMFDMSturm & Drang Tour 2002 daggerBass[58]
2003KMFDMWWIIIDrums, vocals, loops (three tracks)[59]
2004R.E.M.Around the SunDrums, percussion[60]
2006Robyn Hitchcock & the Venus 3Olé! TarantulaChoir, drums, percussion[61]
2007Angels of LightWe Are HimDrums, bass, guitar, organ, percussion, piano, synthesizers[62]
2007R.E.M.R.E.M. Live daggerDrums[63]
2008R.E.M.AccelerateDrums[64]
2009Robyn Hitchcock & the Venus 3Goodnight OsloDrums, vocal harmony, vocals[65]
2009The HumansWe Are the HumansDrums, bass, synthesizers, organ, production[66]
2009R.E.M.Live at the Olympia daggerDrums[67]
2010Robyn Hitchcock & the Venus 3Propellor TimeDrums[68]
2010SwansMy Father Will Guide Me up a Rope to the SkyDrums, piano, guitar, synthesizers, organ, vocals[69]
2011R.E.M.Collapse into NowDrums, bouzouki, keyboards, guitar[70]
2011KMFDMWTF?!Engineering, sounds (one track)[71]
2011The HumansSugar RushPercussion, keyboards, bass, production[72]
2012SwansThe SeerDrums, piano, organ, guitar, percussion, synthesizers, bass, vocals[73]
2013Taylor Swift"The Last Time"Drums[74]
2014The HumansStrange TalesDrums, keyboards, guitar, bass, sounds, vocals, production[75]
2014SwansTo Be KindDrums, percussion, synthesizers, piano, guitar, bass, keyboards[76]
2015King CrimsonLive at the Orpheum daggerDrums, percussion, synthesizers, vocals[77]
2016King CrimsonLive in Toronto daggerDrums, percussion, keyboards[78]
2016SwansThe Glowing ManDrums, piano, synthesizers, bass, guitar, vocals[79]
2016King CrimsonRadical Action to Unseat the Hold of Monkey Mind daggerDrums, keyboards[80]
2017King CrimsonLive in Chicago daggerKeyboards[81]
2018Lead into GoldThe Sun Behind the SunDrums[82]
2018King CrimsonMeltdown: Live in Mexico City daggerKeyboards, production[83]

References

  1. ^ Tortorici, Frank (September 29, 1998). "Revolting Cocks' Bill Rieflin". MTV.com. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
  2. ^ Reighley, Kurt (May 8, 2002), "The Screamers", Seattle Weekly, retrieved February 19, 2010
  3. ^ a b c d Aswad, Jem (March 25, 2020). "Bill Rieflin, Drummer for King Crimson, Ministry, R.E.M., Dies at 59". Variety. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  4. ^ "Bill Rieflin, drummer for Ministry, Pigface, RevCo and R.E.M., dead at 59". Slicing Up Eyeballs. March 25, 2020. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  5. ^ "Bill Rieflin, Drummer for Ministry, R.E.M., and King Crimson Dead at 59". Kerrang. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  6. ^ Worley, Gail (November 4, 1999). "What a Long, Strange Trip It's Been: The Definitive Bill Rieflin Interview". Ink19.com. Retrieved February 26, 2018.
  7. ^ Nelson, J. R. "Industrial supergroup Pigface celebrates 25 years of revolving-door lineups". Chicago Reader. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  8. ^ Raggett, Ned. "The Ultimate Seaside Companion (Revisited)". AllMusic. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  9. ^ Klein, Joshua. "Birth of a Giant". AVClub. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  10. ^ Brenholts, Jim. "The Repercussions of Angelic Behavior". AllMusic. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  11. ^ "Bill Rieflin". Metal Archives. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  12. ^ "Metropolis Mail Order // WTF?!". January 21, 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
  13. ^ a b c d Legaspi, Althea (March 25, 2020). "Bill Rieflin, Drummer for King Crimson, R.E.M., Ministry, Dead at 59". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  14. ^ "R.E.M. Begins Rehearsals With New Drummer". Billboard. May 12, 2003. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
  15. ^ "Corps Electriques by Hector Zazou". Apple Music. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  16. ^ "Swans: The Great Annihilator review". Pitchfork. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  17. ^ "Michael Gira On Swans' My Father Will Guide Me Up A Rope To The Sky". The Quietus. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  18. ^ "Bill Rieflin, Drummer For Ministry, R.E.M., & King Crimson, Dead At 59". Stereogum. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  19. ^ "Bill Rieflin, drummer for Nine Inch Nails, King Crimson and R.E.M. dies at 59". Nine.au.com. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  20. ^ "The Humans… At Work & Play!". toyah.net. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  21. ^ "Robert Fripp's Diary for Friday, September 6, 2013". Discipline Global Mobile. September 6, 2013. Archived from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
  22. ^ Robert Fripp (March 7, 2013). "Sunday So What to say?". Discipline Global Mobile. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
  23. ^ "DGM HQ". Discipline Global Mobile. February 13, 2017. Retrieved February 24, 2017.
  24. ^ "Chris Gibson joins Crim". Dgmlive.com. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  25. ^ "È morto Bill Rieflin, batterista di King Crimson, R.E.M., Ministry". Rolling Stone (in Italian). March 24, 2020. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  26. ^ DeVille, Chris. "Bill Rieflin, Drummer For Ministry, R.E.M., & King Crimson, Dead At 59". Stereogum. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  27. ^ The Land of Rape and Honey (CD liner notes). Ministry. Sire Records. 1988. 9 25799-2. Retrieved July 30, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  28. ^ Live! You Goddamned Son of a Bitch (CD liner notes). Revolting Cocks. Wax Trax! Records. 1988. WAX 037.CS1 maint: others (link)
  29. ^ The Mind Is a Terrible Thing to Taste (CD liner notes). Ministry. Sire Records. 1989. 9 26004-2. Retrieved July 30, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  30. ^ Beers, Steers, and Queers (CD liner notes). Revolting Cocks. Wax Trax! Records. 1990. WAX 7063.CS1 maint: others (link)
  31. ^ In Case You Didn't Feel Like Showing Up (CD liner notes). Ministry. Sire Records. 1990. 9 26266-2. Retrieved July 30, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  32. ^ The Last Temptation of Reid (CD liner notes). Lard. Alternative Tentacles. 1990. VIRUS 84CD.CS1 maint: others (link)
  33. ^ "Supernaut" (Vinyl liner notes). 1000 Homo DJs. Wax Trax! Records. 1990. WAX 9133. Retrieved July 30, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  34. ^ Naïve (CD liner notes). KMFDM. Wax Trax! Records. 1990. WAXCD 7148.CS1 maint: others (link)
  35. ^ Gub (CD liner notes). Pigface. Invisible Records. 1991. INV 009. Retrieved July 30, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  36. ^ Lean Juicy Pork (CD liner notes). Pigface. Invisible Records. 1991. INV 012.CS1 maint: others (link)
  37. ^ Psalm 60: The Way to Succeed and the Way to Suck Eggs (CD liner notes). Ministry. Sire Records. 1992. 9 26727-2. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  38. ^ Big Sexy Land (Vinyl liner notes). Revolting Cocks. Wax Trax! Records. 1992. WAX 017. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  39. ^ Welcome to Mexico... Asshole (CD liner notes). Pigface. Devotion Records. 1992. DVN 3. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  40. ^ Linger Ficken' Good (CD liner notes). Revolting Cocks. Sire Records. 1993. 9 45407-2.CS1 maint: others (link)
  41. ^ The Great Annihilator (CD liner notes). Swans. Young God Records. 1995. YGCD 009. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  42. ^ Nihil (CD liner notes). KMFDM. Wax Trax! Records. 1995. TVT 7199-2V.CS1 maint: others (link)
  43. ^ Drainland (CD liner notes). Michael Gira. Alternative Tentacles. 1995. VIRUS 166. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  44. ^ Filth Pig (CD liner notes). Ministry. Warner Bros. Records. 1996. 9 45838-2.CS1 maint: others (link)
  45. ^ Xtort (CD liner notes). KMFDM. Wax Trax! Records. 1996. TVT7242-2.CS1 maint: others (link)
  46. ^ Soundtracks for the Blind (CD liner notes). Swans. Young God Records. 1996. YG01. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  47. ^ Pure Chewing Satisfaction (CD liner notes). Lard. Alternative Tentacles. 1997. VIRUS 199.CS1 maint: others (link)
  48. ^ Symbols (CD liner notes). KMFDM. Wax Trax! Records. 1997. TVT 7245-2. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  49. ^ New Mother (CD liner notes). Angels of Light. Young God Records. 1999. YG08. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  50. ^ Adios (CD liner notes). KMFDM. Wax Trax! Records. 1999. TVT 7258-2. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  51. ^ The Fragile (CD liner notes). Nine Inch Nails. Nothing Records. 1999. 0694904732. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  52. ^ The Repercussions of Angelic Behavior (CD liner notes). Bill Rieflin. First World Music. 1999. FWD 99.06. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  53. ^ Birth of a Giant (CD liner notes). Bill Rieflin. First World Music. 1999. FWD 99.03. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  54. ^ 70's Rock Must Die (CD liner notes). Lard. Alternative Tentacles. 2000. VIRUS 235.CS1 maint: others (link)
  55. ^ Largo (CD liner notes). Bill Rieflin & Chris Connelly. First World Music. 2001. FWD 01.10. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  56. ^ Road Movies (CD liner notes). Land. First World Music. 2001. FWD 01.09. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  57. ^ Attak (CD liner notes). KMFDM. Metropolis Records. 2002. MET 235. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  58. ^ Sturm & Drang Tour 2002 (CD liner notes). KMFDM. Metropolis Records. 2003. MET 270.CS1 maint: others (link)
  59. ^ WWIII (CD liner notes). KMFDM. Sanctuary Records. 2003. 06076-84636-2. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  60. ^ Around the Sun (CD liner notes). R.E.M. Warner Bros. Records. 2004. 48894-2. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  61. ^ Olé! Tarantula (CD liner notes). Robyn Hitchcock & the Venus 3. Yep Roc. 2006. 2129. Retrieved December 28, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  62. ^ We Are Him (CD liner notes). Angels of Light. Young God Records. 2007. YG35. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  63. ^ R.E.M. Live (CD liner notes). R.E.M. Warner Bros. Records. 2007. 292668-2.CS1 maint: others (link)
  64. ^ Accelerate (CD liner notes). R.E.M. Warner Bros. Records. 2008. 418620-2. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  65. ^ Goodnight Oslo (CD liner notes). Robyn Hitchcock & the Venus 3. Yep Roc. 2009. 2156. Retrieved December 28, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  66. ^ We Are the Humans (CD liner notes). The Humans. 2009.CS1 maint: others (link)
  67. ^ Live at the Olympia (CD liner notes). R.E.M. Warner Bros. Records. 2009. 520872-2. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  68. ^ Propellor Time (CD liner notes). Robyn Hitchcock & the Venus 3. Sartorial Records. 2010. FIT 047. Retrieved December 28, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  69. ^ My Father Will Guide Me up a Rope to the Sky (CD liner notes). Swans. Young God Records. 2010. YG43. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  70. ^ Collapse into Now (CD liner notes). R.E.M. Warner Bros. Records. 2011. 525611-2. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  71. ^ WTF?! (Digital liner notes). KMFDM. Metropolis Records. 2011. MET 708D. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  72. ^ Sugar Rush (CD liner notes). The Humans. 2011.CS1 maint: others (link)
  73. ^ The Seer (CD liner notes). Swans. Young God Records. 2012. YG45. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  74. ^ Red (liner notes). Big Machine Records. 2013.
  75. ^ Strange Tales (CD liner notes). The Humans. Vertical Species. 2014. HUMCD03.CS1 maint: others (link)
  76. ^ To Be Kind (CD liner notes). Swans. Young God Records. 2014. YG46. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  77. ^ Live at the Orpheum (CD liner notes). King Crimson. Discipline Global Mobile. 2015. DGMSP2. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  78. ^ Live in Toronto (CD liner notes). King Crimson. Discipline Global Mobile. 2016. DGM5013. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  79. ^ The Glowing Man (CD liner notes). Swans. Young God Records. 2016. YG58. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  80. ^ Radical Action to Unseat the Hold of Monkey Mind (CD liner notes). King Crimson. Discipline Global Mobile. 2016. KCXP5001. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  81. ^ Live in Chicago (CD liner notes). King Crimson. Discipline Global Mobile. 2017. KCXP5003.CS1 maint: others (link)
  82. ^ The Sun Behind the Sun (Digital liner notes). Lead into Gold. Paul Barker. 2018. Retrieved July 31, 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)
  83. ^ Meltdown: Live in Mexico City (CD liner notes). King Crimson. Discipline Global Mobile. 2018.CS1 maint: others (link)

External links

Other Languages
čeština: Bill Rieflin
español: Bill Rieflin
français: Bill Rieflin
italiano: Bill Rieflin
Nederlands: Bill Rieflin
polski: Bill Rieflin
Simple English: Bill Rieflin
slovenčina: Bill Rieflin