Bill Clinton

Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton.jpg
42nd President of the United States
In office
January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001
Vice PresidentAl Gore
Preceded byGeorge H. W. Bush
Succeeded byGeorge W. Bush
40th and 42nd Governor of Arkansas
In office
January 11, 1983 – December 12, 1992
Preceded byFrank D. White
Succeeded byJim Guy Tucker
In office
January 9, 1979 – January 19, 1981
LieutenantJoe Purcell
Preceded byJoe Purcell (acting)
Succeeded byFrank D. White
Chair of the National Governors Association
In office
August 26, 1986 – July 28, 1987
DeputyJohn H. Sununu
Preceded byLamar Alexander
Succeeded byJohn H. Sununu
50th Attorney General of Arkansas
In office
January 3, 1977 – January 9, 1979
Preceded byJim Guy Tucker
Succeeded bySteve Clark
Personal details
William Jefferson Blythe III

(1946-08-19) August 19, 1946 (age 72)
Hope, Arkansas, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Hillary Rodham (m. 1975)
ResidenceChappaqua, New York, U.S.
Washington, D.C., U.S.
EducationGeorgetown University (BS)
University College, Oxford
Yale University (JD)
AwardsPresidential Medal of Freedom
SignatureCursive signature of Bill Clinton in ink

William Jefferson Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III; August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd president of the United States from 1993 to 2001. Prior to the presidency, he was the governor of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981, and again from 1983 to 1992, and the attorney general of Arkansas from 1977 to 1979. A member of the Democratic Party, Clinton was ideologically a New Democrat and many of his policies reflected a centrist "Third Way" political philosophy.

Clinton was born and raised in Arkansas and attended Georgetown University, University College, Oxford, and Yale Law School. He met Hillary Rodham at Yale and married her in 1975. After graduating, Clinton returned to Arkansas and won election as the Attorney General of Arkansas, serving from 1977 to 1979. As Governor of Arkansas, he overhauled the state's education system and served as chairman of the National Governors Association. Clinton was elected president in 1992, defeating incumbent Republican opponent George H. W. Bush. At age 46, he became the third-youngest president and the first from the Baby Boomer generation.

Clinton presided over the longest period of peacetime economic expansion in American history and signed into law the North American Free Trade Agreement, but failed to pass his plan for national health care reform. In the 1994 elections, the Republican Party won unified control of the Congress for the first time in 40 years. In 1996, Clinton became the first Democrat since Franklin D. Roosevelt to be elected to a second full term. He passed welfare reform and the State Children's Health Insurance Program, as well as financial deregulation measures, including the Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act and the Commodity Futures Modernization Act of 2000. In 1998, Clinton was impeached by the House of Representatives for perjury and obstruction of justice following allegations that he committed perjury and obstructed justice to conceal an affair he had with Monica Lewinsky, a 22-year old White House intern. Clinton was acquitted by the Senate in 1999 and completed his term in office. He is only the second U.S. president to ever be impeached, the first being Andrew Johnson. During the last three years of Clinton's presidency, the Congressional Budget Office reported a budget surplus, the first such surplus since 1969. In foreign policy, Clinton ordered U.S. military intervention in the Bosnian and Kosovo wars, signed the Iraq Liberation Act in opposition to Saddam Hussein, participated in the 2000 Camp David Summit to advance the Israeli–Palestinian peace process, and assisted the Northern Ireland peace process.

Clinton left office with the highest end-of-office approval rating of any U.S. president since World War II, and has continually scored high in the historical rankings of U.S. presidents, consistently placing in the top third. Since leaving office, he has been involved in public speaking and humanitarian work. He created the William J. Clinton Foundation to address international causes such as the prevention of AIDS and global warming. He has remained active in politics by campaigning for Democratic candidates, including the presidential campaigns of his wife and Barack Obama. In 2004, Clinton published his autobiography, My Life. In 2009, he was named the United Nations Special Envoy to Haiti and after the 2010 Haiti earthquake, he teamed with George W. Bush to form the Clinton Bush Haiti Fund. In addition, he secured the release of two American journalists imprisoned by North Korea, visiting the capital Pyongyang and negotiating their release with Kim Jong-il.

Early life and career

Clinton's childhood home in Hope, Arkansas

Clinton was born William Jefferson Blythe III on August 19, 1946, at Julia Chester Hospital in Hope, Arkansas.[1][2] He is the son of William Jefferson Blythe Jr., a traveling salesman who had died in an automobile accident three months before his birth, and Virginia Dell Cassidy (later Virginia Kelley).[3] His parents had married on September 4, 1943, but this union later proved to be bigamous, as Blythe was still married to his third wife.[4] Virginia traveled to New Orleans to study nursing soon after Bill was born, leaving him in Hope with her parents Eldridge and Edith Cassidy, who owned and ran a small grocery store.[2] At a time when the southern United States was racially segregated, Clinton's grandparents sold goods on credit to people of all races.[2] In 1950, Bill's mother returned from nursing school and married Roger Clinton Sr., who co-owned an automobile dealership in Hot Springs, Arkansas with his brother and Earl T. Ricks.[2] The family moved to Hot Springs in 1950.[5] Although he immediately assumed use of his stepfather's surname, it was not until Clinton turned 15[6] that he formally adopted the surname Clinton as a gesture toward his stepfather.[2] Clinton said that he remembered his stepfather as a gambler and an alcoholic who regularly abused his mother and half-brother, Roger Clinton Jr., to the point where he intervened multiple times with the threat of violence to protect them.[2][7]

In Hot Springs, Clinton attended St. John's Catholic Elementary School, Ramble Elementary School, and Hot Springs High School, where he was an active student leader, avid reader, and musician.[2] Clinton was in the chorus and played the tenor saxophone, winning first chair in the state band's saxophone section. He briefly considered dedicating his life to music, but as he noted in his autobiography My Life:

Sometime in my sixteenth year, I decided I wanted to be in public life as an elected official. I loved music and thought I could be very good, but I knew I would never be John Coltrane or Stan Getz. I was interested in medicine and thought I could be a fine doctor, but I knew I would never be Michael DeBakey. But I knew I could be great in public service.[2]

Clinton began an interest in law at Hot Springs High, when he took up the challenge to argue the defense of the ancient Roman Senator Catiline in a mock trial in his Latin class.[8] After a vigorous defense that made use of his "budding rhetorical and political skills", he told the Latin teacher Elizabeth Buck that it "made him realize that someday he would study law".[9]

Clinton has identified two influential moments in his life, both occurring in 1963, that contributed to his decision to become a public figure. One was his visit as a Boys Nation senator to the White House to meet President John F. Kennedy.[2][7] The other was watching Martin Luther King Jr.'s 1963 "I Have a Dream" speech on TV, which impressed him enough that he later memorized it.[10]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Bill Clinton
Alemannisch: Bill Clinton
العربية: بيل كلينتون
aragonés: Bill Clinton
arpetan: Bill Clinton
asturianu: Bill Clinton
Aymar aru: Bill Clinton
azərbaycanca: Bill Klinton
تۆرکجه: بیل کلینتون
Bân-lâm-gú: Bill Clinton
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Біл Клінтан
Bikol Central: Bill Clinton
Bislama: Bill Clinton
български: Бил Клинтън
Boarisch: Bill Clinton
bosanski: Bill Clinton
brezhoneg: Bill Clinton
català: Bill Clinton
Чӑвашла: Билл Клинтон
Cebuano: Bill Clinton
čeština: Bill Clinton
Cymraeg: Bill Clinton
davvisámegiella: Bill Clinton
Deitsch: Bill Clinton
Deutsch: Bill Clinton
ދިވެހިބަސް: ބިލް ކްލިންޓަން
Ελληνικά: Μπιλ Κλίντον
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Bill Clinton
español: Bill Clinton
euskara: Bill Clinton
føroyskt: Bill Clinton
français: Bill Clinton
Gàidhlig: Bill Clinton
galego: Bill Clinton
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Bill Clinton
한국어: 빌 클린턴
հայերեն: Բիլ Քլինթոն
hornjoserbsce: Bill Clinton
hrvatski: Bill Clinton
Ilokano: Bill Clinton
Bahasa Indonesia: Bill Clinton
interlingua: Bill Clinton
isiZulu: Bill Clinton
íslenska: Bill Clinton
italiano: Bill Clinton
Basa Jawa: Bill Clinton
Kapampangan: Bill Clinton
ქართული: ბილ კლინტონი
қазақша: Билл Клинтон
kernowek: Bill Clinton
Kinyarwanda: Bill Clinton
Kiswahili: Bill Clinton
Kreyòl ayisyen: Bill Clinton
kurdî: Bill Clinton
Кыргызча: Билл Клинтон
latviešu: Bills Klintons
Lëtzebuergesch: Bill Clinton
lietuvių: Bill Clinton
Limburgs: Bill Clinton
lingála: Bill Clinton
Lingua Franca Nova: Bill Clinton
la .lojban.: bil. klinton
lumbaart: Bill Clinton
magyar: Bill Clinton
македонски: Бил Клинтон
Malagasy: Bill Clinton
მარგალური: ბილ კლინტონი
مازِرونی: بیل کلینتون
Bahasa Melayu: Bill Clinton
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Bill Clinton
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘီလ် ကလင်တန်
Nāhuatl: Bill Clinton
Nederlands: Bill Clinton
norsk nynorsk: Bill Clinton
occitan: Bill Clinton
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Bill Clinton
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਿਲ ਕਲਿੰਟਨ
پنجابی: بل کلنٹن
Piemontèis: Bill Clinton
Tok Pisin: Bill Clinton
polski: Bill Clinton
português: Bill Clinton
Ripoarisch: Bill Clinton
română: Bill Clinton
rumantsch: Bill Clinton
Runa Simi: Bill Clinton
русский: Клинтон, Билл
sicilianu: Bill Clinton
Simple English: Bill Clinton
slovenčina: Bill Clinton
slovenščina: Bill Clinton
Soomaaliga: Bill Clinton
српски / srpski: Бил Клинтон
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bill Clinton
svenska: Bill Clinton
Tagalog: Bill Clinton
татарча/tatarça: Билл Клинтон
Türkçe: Bill Clinton
українська: Білл Клінтон
اردو: بل کلنٹن
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: بىل كلىنتون
Tiếng Việt: Bill Clinton
Winaray: Bill Clinton
ייִדיש: ביל קלינטאן
Yorùbá: Bill Clinton
粵語: 克林頓
Zeêuws: Bill Clinton
žemaitėška: Bill Clinton