Berlin

  • berlin
    capital city and state
    aerial view of berlin (32881394137).jpg
    brandenburger tor abends.jpg
    berliner dom, westfassade, nacht, 160309, ako.jpg
    schloss charlottenburg zur blauen stunde.jpg
    siegessäule-berlin-tiergarten.jpg
    berlin 20140726 6.jpg
    hochhäuser am potsdamer platz, berlin, 160606, ako.jpg
    panorama gendarmenmarkt-berlin-huntke-2008.jpg
    from top: view over the historic city center (nicholas' quarter with st. nicholas' church), brandenburg gate, berlin cathedral, charlottenburg palace, berlin victory column, "berlin" sculpture on tauentzienstraße, potsdam square, gendarmenmarkt
    flag of berlin
    flag
    coat of arms of berlin
    coat of arms
    berlin is located in germany
    berlin
    berlin
    location within germany
    berlin is located in europe
    berlin
    berlin
    berlin (europe)
    coordinates: 52°31′12″n 13°24′18″e / 52°31′12″n 13°24′18″e / 52.52000; 13.40500

    berlin (n/; german: [bɛʁˈliːn] (about this soundlisten)) is the capital and largest city of germany by both area and population.[5][6] its 3,748,148 (2018)[2] inhabitants make it the most populous city proper of the european union.[7] the city is one of germany's 16 federal states. it is surrounded by the state of brandenburg, and contiguous with potsdam, brandenburg's capital. the two cities are at the center of the berlin-brandenburg capital region, which is, with about six million inhabitants and an area of more than 30,000 km²,[8] germany's third-largest metropolitan region after the rhine-ruhr and rhine-main regions.

    berlin straddles the banks of the river spree, which flows into the river havel (a tributary of the river elbe) in the western borough of spandau. among the city's main topographical features are the many lakes in the western and southeastern boroughs formed by the spree, havel, and dahme rivers (the largest of which is lake müggelsee). due to its location in the european plain, berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. about one-third of the city's area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers, canals and lakes.[9] the city lies in the central german dialect area, the berlin dialect being a variant of the lusatian-new marchian dialects.

    first documented in the 13th century and situated at the crossing of two important historic trade routes,[10] berlin became the capital of the margraviate of brandenburg (1417–1701), the kingdom of prussia (1701–1918), the german empire (1871–1918), the weimar republic (1919–1933), and the third reich (1933–1945).[11] berlin in the 1920s was the third largest municipality in the world.[12] after world war ii and its subsequent occupation by the victorious countries, the city was divided; west berlin became a de facto west german exclave, surrounded by the berlin wall (1961–1989) and east german territory.[13] east berlin was declared capital of east germany, while bonn became the west german capital. following german reunification in 1990, berlin once again became the capital of all of germany.

    berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media and science.[14][15][16][17] its economy is based on high-tech firms and the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, research facilities, media corporations and convention venues.[18][19] berlin serves as a continental hub for air and rail traffic and has a highly complex public transportation network. the metropolis is a popular tourist destination.[20] significant industries also include it, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, clean tech, biotechnology, construction and electronics.

    berlin is home to world-renowned universities such as the humboldt universität zu berlin (hu berlin), the technische universität berlin (tu berlin), the freie universität berlin (free university of berlin), the universität der künste (university of the arts, udk) and the berlin school of economics and law. the city has numerous orchestras, museums, and entertainment venues, and is host to many sporting events.[21] its zoological garden is the most visited zoo in europe and one of the most popular worldwide. with the world's oldest large-scale movie studio complex, berlin is an increasingly popular location for international film productions.[22] the city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts and a very high quality of living.[23] since the 2000s berlin has seen the emergence of a cosmopolitan entrepreneurial scene.[24]

  • history
  • geography
  • demographics
  • government
  • economy
  • quality of life
  • infrastructure
  • education
  • culture
  • sport
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • external links

Berlin
Aerial view of Berlin (32881394137).jpg
Brandenburger Tor abends.jpg
Berliner Dom, Westfassade, Nacht, 160309, ako.jpg
Schloss Charlottenburg zur blauen Stunde.jpg
Siegessäule-Berlin-Tiergarten.jpg
Berlin 20140726 6.jpg
Hochhäuser am Potsdamer Platz, Berlin, 160606, ako.jpg
Panorama Gendarmenmarkt-Berlin-Huntke-2008.jpg
Berlin is located in Germany
Berlin
Berlin
Location within Germany
Berlin is located in Europe
Berlin
Berlin
Berlin (Europe)
Coordinates: 52°31′12″N 13°24′18″E / 52°31′12″N 13°24′18″E / 52.52000; 13.40500

Berlin (n/; German: [bɛʁˈliːn] (About this soundlisten)) is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population.[5][6] Its 3,748,148 (2018)[2] inhabitants make it the most populous city proper of the European Union.[7] The city is one of Germany's 16 federal states. It is surrounded by the state of Brandenburg, and contiguous with Potsdam, Brandenburg's capital. The two cities are at the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region, which is, with about six million inhabitants and an area of more than 30,000 km²,[8] Germany's third-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr and Rhine-Main regions.

Berlin straddles the banks of the River Spree, which flows into the River Havel (a tributary of the River Elbe) in the western borough of Spandau. Among the city's main topographical features are the many lakes in the western and southeastern boroughs formed by the Spree, Havel, and Dahme rivers (the largest of which is Lake Müggelsee). Due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. About one-third of the city's area is composed of forests, parks, gardens, rivers, canals and lakes.[9] The city lies in the Central German dialect area, the Berlin dialect being a variant of the Lusatian-New Marchian dialects.

First documented in the 13th century and situated at the crossing of two important historic trade routes,[10] Berlin became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1417–1701), the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933), and the Third Reich (1933–1945).[11] Berlin in the 1920s was the third largest municipality in the world.[12] After World War II and its subsequent occupation by the victorious countries, the city was divided; West Berlin became a de facto West German exclave, surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989) and East German territory.[13] East Berlin was declared capital of East Germany, while Bonn became the West German capital. Following German reunification in 1990, Berlin once again became the capital of all of Germany.

Berlin is a world city of culture, politics, media and science.[14][15][16][17] Its economy is based on high-tech firms and the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, research facilities, media corporations and convention venues.[18][19] Berlin serves as a continental hub for air and rail traffic and has a highly complex public transportation network. The metropolis is a popular tourist destination.[20] Significant industries also include IT, pharmaceuticals, biomedical engineering, clean tech, biotechnology, construction and electronics.

Berlin is home to world-renowned universities such as the Humboldt Universität zu Berlin (HU Berlin), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), the Freie Universität Berlin (Free University of Berlin), the Universität der Künste (University of the Arts, UdK) and the Berlin School of Economics and Law. The city has numerous orchestras, museums, and entertainment venues, and is host to many sporting events.[21] Its Zoological Garden is the most visited zoo in Europe and one of the most popular worldwide. With the world's oldest large-scale movie studio complex, Berlin is an increasingly popular location for international film productions.[22] The city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts and a very high quality of living.[23] Since the 2000s Berlin has seen the emergence of a cosmopolitan entrepreneurial scene.[24]

Other Languages
Acèh: Berlin
Адыгэбзэ: Берлин
адыгабзэ: Берлин
Afrikaans: Berlyn
Akan: Berlin
Alemannisch: Berlin
አማርኛ: በርሊን
Ænglisc: Berlin
Аҧсшәа: Берлин
العربية: برلين
aragonés: Berlín
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܒܪܠܝܢ
Արեւմտահայերէն: Պերլին
arpetan: Bèrlin
asturianu: Berlín
Avañe'ẽ: Berlin
авар: Берлин
Aymar aru: Berlin
azərbaycanca: Berlin
تۆرکجه: برلین
bamanankan: Berlin
বাংলা: বার্লিন
Bân-lâm-gú: Berlin
башҡортса: Берлин
беларуская: Берлін
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Бэрлін
भोजपुरी: बर्लिन
Bikol Central: Berlin
Bislama: Berlin
български: Берлин
Boarisch: Berlin
བོད་ཡིག: པེར་ལིན།
bosanski: Berlin
brezhoneg: Berlin
буряад: Берлин
català: Berlín
Чӑвашла: Берлин
Cebuano: Berlin
čeština: Berlín
Chamoru: Berlin
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Berlín
Chi-Chewa: Berlin
chiTumbuka: Berlin
corsu: Berlinu
Cymraeg: Berlin
dansk: Berlin
davvisámegiella: Berlin
Deitsch: Berlin
Deutsch: Berlin
dolnoserbski: Barliń
डोटेली: बर्लिन
eesti: Berliin
Ελληνικά: Βερολίνο
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Berlîṅ
эрзянь: Берлин ош
español: Berlín
Esperanto: Berlino
estremeñu: Berlín
euskara: Berlin
eʋegbe: Berlin
فارسی: برلین
Fiji Hindi: Berlin
føroyskt: Berlin
français: Berlin
Frysk: Berlyn
Fulfulde: Berlin
furlan: Berlin
Gaeilge: Beirlín
Gaelg: Berleen
Gagauz: Berlin
Gàidhlig: Berlin
galego: Berlín
ГӀалгӀай: Берлин
贛語: 柏林
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Berlin
한국어: 베를린
Hausa: Berlin
Hawaiʻi: Pelelina
հայերեն: Բեռլին
हिन्दी: बर्लिन
hornjoserbsce: Berlin
hrvatski: Berlin
Ido: Berlin
Ilokano: Berlin
Bahasa Indonesia: Berlin
interlingua: Berlin
Interlingue: Berlin
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐱᕐᓖᓐ
Ирон: Берлин
isiXhosa: I-Berlin
isiZulu: IBerlini
íslenska: Berlín
italiano: Berlino
עברית: ברלין
Jawa: Berlin
Kabɩyɛ: Pɛrɩlɛɛ
kalaallisut: Berlin
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬರ್ಲಿನ್
Kapampangan: Berlin
ქართული: ბერლინი
kaszëbsczi: Berlëno
қазақша: Берлин
kernowek: Berlin
Kinyarwanda: Berlin
Kirundi: Berlin
Kiswahili: Berlin
коми: Берлин
Kongo: Berlin
Kreyòl ayisyen: Bèlen
kurdî: Berlîn
Кыргызча: Берлин
кырык мары: Берлин
Ladino: Berlin
لۊری شومالی: برلین
latgaļu: Berlins
Latina: Berolinum
latviešu: Berlīne
Lëtzebuergesch: Berlin
лезги: Берлин
lietuvių: Berlynas
Ligure: Berlin
Limburgs: Berlien
lingála: Berlin
Lingua Franca Nova: Berlin
Livvinkarjala: Berlin
la .lojban.: berlin
Luganda: Berlin
lumbaart: Berlin
magyar: Berlin
मैथिली: बर्लिन
македонски: Берлин
Malagasy: Berlin
മലയാളം: ബെർലിൻ
Malti: Berlin
Māori: Pearīni
मराठी: बर्लिन
მარგალური: ბერლინი
مصرى: بيرلين
مازِرونی: برلین
Bahasa Melayu: Berlin
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Báik-lìng
Mirandés: Berlin
монгол: Берлин
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘာလင်မြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Berlin
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Berlin
Nederlands: Berlijn
Nedersaksies: Berlien
नेपाली: बर्लिन
नेपाल भाषा: बर्लिन
日本語: ベルリン
Napulitano: Berlino
нохчийн: Берлин
Nordfriisk: Berlin/sö
Norfuk / Pitkern: Berlin
norsk: Berlin
norsk nynorsk: Berlin
Nouormand: Bèrlîn
Novial: Berlin
occitan: Berlin
олык марий: Берлин
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ବର୍ଲିନ
Oromoo: Barliin
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Berlin
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਰਲਿਨ
Pälzisch: Berlin
Pangasinan: Berlin
پنجابی: برلن
Papiamentu: Berlin
پښتو: برلين
Patois: Boerlin
Перем Коми: Берлин
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ប៊ែរឡាំង
Picard: Berlin
Piemontèis: Berlin
Tok Pisin: Berlin
Plattdüütsch: Berlin
polski: Berlin
Ποντιακά: Βερολίνον
português: Berlim
Qaraqalpaqsha: Berlin
qırımtatarca: Berlin
reo tahiti: Berlin
Ripoarisch: Berlin
română: Berlin
romani čhib: Berlin
rumantsch: Berlin
Runa Simi: Berlin
русиньскый: Берлін
русский: Берлин
саха тыла: Берлин
Gagana Samoa: Perelini
संस्कृतम्: बर्लिन
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱵᱚᱨᱞᱤᱱ
sardu: Berlinu
Scots: Berlin
Seeltersk: Berlin
Sesotho: Berlin
shqip: Berlini
sicilianu: Birlinu
සිංහල: බර්ලිනය
Simple English: Berlin
slovenčina: Berlín
slovenščina: Berlin
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Бєрлинъ
ślůnski: Berlin
Soomaaliga: Baarliin
کوردی: بەرلین
Sranantongo: Berlin
српски / srpski: Берлин
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Berlin
Sunda: Bérlin
suomi: Berliini
svenska: Berlin
Tagalog: Berlin
தமிழ்: பெர்லின்
Taqbaylit: Berlin
tarandíne: Berline
татарча/tatarça: Берлин
తెలుగు: బెర్లిన్
tetun: Berlín
ትግርኛ: በረሊን
тоҷикӣ: Берлин
Türkçe: Berlin
Türkmençe: Berlin
удмурт: Берлин
українська: Берлін
اردو: برلن
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Bérlin
vèneto: Berlin
vepsän kel’: Berlin
Tiếng Việt: Berlin
Volapük: Berlin
Võro: Berliin
文言: 柏林
West-Vlams: Berlyn
Winaray: Berlin
Wolof: Berlin
吴语: 柏林
ייִדיש: בערלין
Yorùbá: Berlin
粵語: 柏林
Zazaki: Berlin
Zeêuws: Berlijn
žemaitėška: Berlīns
中文: 柏林