Berane

Berane
Беране
Town and municipality
Opstinaberane.jpg
Berane manastir.jpg
Berane gimnazija.jpg
Beranski korzo.jpg
Jasikovac.jpg
Clockwise, from top: Panorama of Berane, Đurđevi stupovi monastery, Main square, Jasikovac monument, Gymnasium, City hall
Coat of arms of Berane
Coat of arms
Berane is located in Montenegro
Berane
Berane
Location of the town of Berane within Montenegro and Europe
Berane is located in Europe
Berane
Berane
Berane (Europe)
Coordinates: 42°50′N 19°52′E / 42°50′N 19°52′E / 42.84; 19.86
Country Montenegro
Founded1862
Settlements66
Government
 • MayorDragoslav Šćekić (SNP)
 • Ruling coalitionHealthy Berane[1]DCG
Area
 • Town and municipality717 km2 (277 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Density49/km2 (130/sq mi)
 • Urban11,073
 • Rural22,897
 • Municipality33,970
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code84300
Area code+382 51
ISO 3166-2 codeME-03
Car platesBA
ClimateCfb
Websitewww.berane.me

Berane (Serbian/Montenegrin Cyrillic: Беране, pronounced [bɛ̂ranɛ]) is one of the largest towns of northeastern Montenegro and a former administrative centre of the Ivangrad District. It is a seat of one of many multi-ethnic and multi-religious municipalities in Montenegro. The town is located on the Lim river, being part of Sandžak region. From 1949 until 1992 it was named as Ivangrad (Иванград) in honour to people's hero Ivan Milutinović. The town has a population of over 11 thousand, whereas its municipality area reaches nearly 30 thousand people, making it one of the largest centres of Polimlje area.

During the medieval period the land of Berane was known as Budimlja (Будимља). It was of great holistic, political and economic importance in the Serbian state of Raska. Until 1455, when Turks took the city, it was part of the Medieval Serbia. Since the first Serbian Uprising until its final liberation, fights against Turks were constant. Famous battles occurred from 1825 to 1862 when the most important Rudes battle was fought on 7 April in which the Montenegrin rebels won. Berane was finally liberated in 1912. The town shared the destiny with its country being damaged in both World Wars. As Ivangrad, the town was meeting with prosperity and population growth being of one the Yugoslav industrial centres. Although the Civil War in Yugoslavia did not reach Montenegro, the city suffered from it as the industry collapsed and the people started to leave it. Nowadays, Berane is one of the poorest settlements in Montenegro so most of the population lives in difficult conditions. Despite that, the town remains an important educational, medical, religious and sporting centre, having produced many successful individuals in those categories.

Berane is administrative centre of municipality of the same name. There are 13 elementary schools, four high schools and four institutions of higher education. Having a solid sport infrastructure, the most successful sport collectives in the town are handball club and table tennis club. Berane is connected with rest of the country by two-lane motorways. It also has an airport which hasn’t been used for a while. In 2012, Berane celebrated 150 years since its official foundation and 100 years of being part of Montenegro.

History

In the Middle Ages, Berane was known as Budimlja. It was of great holistic, political, and economic importance in Medieval Serbia. Saint Sava, the first Serbian archbishop, founded one of the first Serbian eparchies here in 1219. The Monastery Đurđevi stupovi was built by the end of the 12th century by Prvoslav, the son of Nemanja's brother Tihomir. Many monasteries and churches tell the story on the rich holistic life of Serbs in this area. There were seven bishops and nine metropolitans.[when?] Literary and painting schools existed in this Monastery. Apart from Đurđevi stupovi, the second most important monastery in this area was Šudikovo, which was destroyed and burned by the Turks in 1738. Archbishop's throne was vacant for more than 350 years. However, the Budimlja episcopate, known as the Budimlja-Nikšić eparchy has been restored in 2002 upon the appointment of bishop Joanikije. The area of Berane municipality and its wider neighbourhood, was part of the Medieval Serbian state ntil 1455, when Turks took the city of Bihor and Budimlja. This valley was populated with Serbians until the mid 17th century, when it went under terrible suffering and many of them left. The Turks distributed the land to the Islamised population.

During the First Serbian Uprising (1804) and Karađorđe's march to Novi Pazar, the people of this area revolted and met the Serbian dukes Anto Bogićević and Hadži-Prodan Gligorijević. Then, Mojsije Zečević, prior of Đurđevi stupovi, had the leading role among the Orthodox people of Budimlja. He was one of the closest allies of Petar I Petrović-Njegoš and Petar II Petrović-Njegoš, the archbishops and political leaders of Montenegro. Since the First Serbian Uprising until its final liberation, fights against Turks were constant, especially during the second part of the 19th century. Famous battles occurred from 1825, until 1862, but the most important one was Rudes battle on 7 April 1862, in which the Serbian and Montenegrin rebels won. Berane was finally liberated from Turks in 1912 and it was incorporated in Montenegro.

During World War II, there was a civil war in the region between Partisans (communists) and Chetniks (royalists and nationalists). During the communists' reprisals in 1944 and 1945 thousands of people were killed. From July 1949 to March 1992, Berane was known as Ivangrad as a tribute to Ivan Milutinović. In 1992, its original name was restored.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Berane
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Бэранэ
български: Беране
bosanski: Berane
čeština: Berane
dansk: Berane
Deutsch: Berane
eesti: Berane
Ελληνικά: Μπέρανε
español: Berane
euskara: Berane
فارسی: برانه
français: Berane
Gagauz: Berane
한국어: 베라네
hrvatski: Berane
Bahasa Indonesia: Berane
ქართული: ბერანე
lietuvių: Beranė
magyar: Berane
македонски: Беране
Nederlands: Berane
日本語: ベラネ
нохчийн: Беране
norsk: Berane
polski: Berane
português: Berane
română: Berane
русский: Беране
shqip: Berana
Simple English: Berane
slovenščina: Berane
српски / srpski: Беране
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Berane
suomi: Berane
svenska: Berane
Türkçe: Berane
українська: Беране
اردو: بیرانے
中文: 貝拉內