Belarusian language

Belarusian
Беларуская мова
Белорусский язык
biełaruskaja mova
Belorusskij jazyk
Native toBelarus Russia
EthnicityBelarusians
Native speakers
2.6 million, not counting speakers of "Western Russian" in Russia (2011 census)[1]
1.3 million L2 speakers (2009 census)[1]
Early forms
Cyrillic (Belarusian alphabet)
Belarusian Braille
Belarusian Latin alphabet
Official status
Official language in
 Belarus
 Poland (in Gmina Orla, Gmina Narewka, Gmina Czyże, Gmina Hajnówka and town of Hajnówka)
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated byNational Academy of Sciences of Belarus
Language codes
be
bel
ISO 639-3bel
bela1254[5]
Linguasphere53-AAA-eb < 53-AAA-e
(varieties:
53-AAA-eba to 53-AAA-ebg)
Idioma bielorruso.png
Belarusian-speaking world
Legend: Dark blue - territory where Belarusian is the primary language; Light blue - historical range[6]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Belarusian (n/;[7] беларуская мова biełaruskaja mova [bʲelaˈruskaja ˈmova]) is an official language of Belarus, along with Russian, and is also spoken in Russia (where it is known as "Western Russian") and Ukraine. Before Belarus gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, the language was only known in English as Byelorussian or Belorussian, transliterating the Russian name, белорусский язык Belorusskiy yazyk, or alternatively as White Ruthenian (n/) or White Russian. Following independence, it has acquired the additional name Belarusian.[8][9]

Belarusian is one of the East Slavic languages and shares many grammatical and lexical features with other members of the group. To some extent, Russian, Rusyn, Ukrainian, and Belarusian are mutually intelligible. Its predecessor stage is known as Ruthenian (14th to 17th centuries), in turn descended from Old East Slavic (10th to 13th centuries).

In the first Belarus Census of 1999, the Belarusian language was declared as a "language spoken at home" by about 3,686,000 Belarusian citizens (36.7% of the population).[10][11] About 6,984,000 (85.6%) of Belarusians declared it their "mother tongue". Other sources, such as Ethnologue, put the figure at approximately 2.5 million active speakers.[9][12]

According to a study done by the Belarusian government in 2009, 72% of Belarusians speak Russian at home, while Belarusian is actively used by only 11.9% of Belarusians. Approximately 29.4% of Belarusians can write, speak, and read Belarusian, while 52.5% can only read and speak it.

Phonology

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Although closely related to other East Slavic languages, especially Ukrainian, Belarusian phonology is distinct in a number of ways. The phoneme inventory of the modern Belarusian language consists of 45 to 54 phonemes: 6 vowels and 39 to 48 consonants, depending on how they are counted. When the nine geminate consonants are excluded as mere variations, there are 39 consonants, and excluding rare consonants further decreases the count. The number 48 includes all consonant sounds, including variations and rare sounds, which may be semantically distinct in the modern Belarusian language.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Wit-Russies
አማርኛ: ቤላሩስኛ
aragonés: Idioma belorruso
arpetan: Bièlorusso
Avañe'ẽ: Vielorrusiañe'ẽ
azərbaycanca: Belarus dili
Bân-lâm-gú: Belarus-gí
башҡортса: Белорус теле
беларуская: Беларуская мова
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Беларуская мова
български: Беларуски език
brezhoneg: Belaruseg
català: Bielorús
čeština: Běloruština
Cymraeg: Belarwseg
davvisámegiella: Vilges-ruoššagiella
dolnoserbski: Běłoruska rěc
Esperanto: Belorusa lingvo
euskara: Bielorrusiera
Fiji Hindi: Belarusian bhasa
français: Biélorusse
Frysk: Wytrussysk
Gàidhlig: Bealaruisis
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Belarus-ngî
한국어: 벨라루스어
հայերեն: Բելառուսերեն
hornjoserbsce: Běłorušćina
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Belarus
íslenska: Hvítrússneska
עברית: בלארוסית
Basa Jawa: Basa Bélarus
қазақша: Беларус тілі
kernowek: Belarussek
Kiswahili: Kibelarus
Lëtzebuergesch: Wäissrussesch
Limburgs: Wit-Russisch
Lingua Franca Nova: Bielarusce (lingua)
македонски: Белоруски јазик
მარგალური: ბელარუსული ნინა
مازِرونی: بلاروسی
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Belarus
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Belarus-ngṳ̄
Dorerin Naoero: Dorerin Berarut
Nederlands: Wit-Russisch
Nordfriisk: Witjrüsk spriak
norsk nynorsk: Kviterussisk
occitan: Bielorús
олык марий: Белорус йылме
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Belorus tili
پنجابی: بیلاروسی
Piemontèis: Lenga bielorussa
Tok Pisin: Tok Belaras
Plattdüütsch: Wittrussische Spraak
Qaraqalpaqsha: Belorus tili
qırımtatarca: Belarus tili
reo tahiti: Reo Pierorūtia
Runa Simi: Bilurusu simi
русиньскый: Білоруськый язык
саха тыла: Белоруус тыла
Simple English: Belarusian language
slovenčina: Bieloruština
slovenščina: Beloruščina
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Бѣлороусьскъ ѩꙁꙑкъ
српски / srpski: Белоруски језик
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bjeloruski jezik
svenska: Vitryska
татарча/tatarça: Беларус теле
Türkçe: Beyaz Rusça
удмурт: Белорус кыл
українська: Білоруська мова
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: بېلورۇس تىل
vepsän kel’: Vaugedvenän kel'
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Belarus
Volapük: Belarusänapük
Winaray: Biyeloruso
ייִדיש: בעלארוסיש
žemaitėška: Godu kalba