Bay of Fundy Campaign

Bay of Fundy Campaign
Part of French and Indian War
JohnWinslowByJosephBlackburn.png
John Winslow, British commander
DateAugust 1755 - December 1755
LocationBay of Fundy, Nova Scotia
Commanders and leaders
John Winslow
Captain Alexander Murray
Charles Deschamps de Boishébert et de Raffetot
Joseph Broussard
Units involved
40th Regiment of FootAcadia militia
Wabanaki Confederacy (Maliseet militia and Mi'kmaq militia)

The Bay of Fundy Campaign occurred during the French and Indian War (the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War) when the British ordered the Expulsion of the Acadians from Acadia after the Battle of Fort Beauséjour (1755). The Campaign started at Chignecto and then quickly moved to Grand Pré, Rivière-aux-Canards, Pisiguit, Cobequid, and finally Annapolis Royal. Approximately 7,000 Acadians were deported to the New England colonies.

Historical context

Part of a series on the
Military history of
Nova Scotia
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Events
Battle of Port Royal 1690
Siege of Port Royal 1710
Battle of Jeddore Harbour 1722
Northeast Coast Campaign 1745
Battle of Grand Pré 1747
Dartmouth Massacre 1751
Bay of Fundy Campaign 1755
Fall of Louisbourg 1758
Headquarters established for Royal Navy's North American Station 1758
Halifax Treaties 1760–1761
Battle of Fort Cumberland 1776
Raid on Lunenburg 1782
Halifax Impressment Riot 1805
Establishment of New Ireland 1812
Capture of USS Chesapeake 1813
Battle at the Great Redan 1855
Siege of Lucknow 1857
CSS Tallahassee Escape 1861
Departing Halifax for Northwest Rebellion 1885
Departing Halifax for the Boer War 1899
Imprisonment of Leon Trotsky 1917
Jewish Legion formed 1917
Sinking of HMHS Llandovery Castle 1918
Battle of the St. Lawrence 1942–44
Sinking of SS Point Pleasant Park 1945
Halifax VE-Day Riot 1945
Walter Callow Wheelchair Bus established 1947
Notable military regiments
Mi'kmaq militias 1677–1779
Acadian militias 1689–1761
40th Regiment 1717–1757
Troupes de la marine 1717–1758
Gorham's Rangers 1744–1762
Danks' Rangers 1756–1762
84th Regiment of Foot 1775–1784
Royal Fencible American 1775–1783
Royal Nova Scotia Volunteers 1775–1783
King's Orange Rangers 1776–1783
1st Field Artillery 1791–present
Royal Nova Scotia 1793–1802
Nova Scotia Fencibles 1803–1816
The Halifax Rifles (RCAC) 1860–present
The Princess Louise Fusiliers 1867–present
78th Highlanders 1869–1871
Cape Breton Highlanders 1871–present
Nova Scotia Rifles 1914–1919
No. 2 Construction Battalion 1916–1919
West Nova Scotia 1916–present
The Nova Scotia Highlanders 1954–present
Other

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The British Conquest of Acadia took place in 1710. Over the next 45 years the Acadians refused to sign an unconditional oath of allegiance to Britain. During this time period Acadians participated in various militia operations against the British, such as the raids on Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. The Acadians also maintained vital supply lines to the French Fortress of Louisbourg and Fort Beauséjour.[1] During the French and Indian War (the North American theatre of the Seven Years' War), the British sought both to neutralize any military threat the Acadians posed, and to interrupt the vital supply lines they provided to Louisbourg, by deporting them from Acadia.[2] Prior to the expulsion, the British retrieved the Acadians' weapons and boats in the Bay of Fundy region and arrested their deputies and priests.[3]

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