Battle of the Meander

Battle of the Meander
Part of the Second Crusade
DateLate December 1147
LocationBüyük Menderes River, Byzantine Empire
ResultCrusader victory
Belligerents
CrusadersSeljuqs Eagle.svgSultanate of Rum
Commanders and leaders
Louis VII of FranceUnknown
Casualties and losses
LightModerate

The Battle of the Meander took place in December 1147, during the Second Crusade. The French crusader army, led by Louis VII of France, successfully fended off an ambush by the Seljuks of Rum at the Büyük Menderes River (historically known as the Meander).

Background

King Louis VII led the French army on the march across Europe and Asia Minor to Jerusalem. The army decided to march along the coast of Asia Minor, because the defeat of Emperor Conrad of Germany and his army at Dorylaeum had made it clear that marching inland was too dangerous. In December 1147 the army was marching across the valley of the river Maeander to reach the major port of Adalia. Odo of Deuil, who participated in the march, makes it clear that the Maeander Valley was treacherous.[1] Its mountain crags and slopes allowed the Turks to constantly harass the Crusaders with lightning raids.