Battle of the Alte Veste

Battle of Alte Veste
Part of the Thirty Years' War
Alte Veste.jpg
The Alte Veste in 1705, by Johann Alexander Boener.
Date24–25 August 1632 (O.S.) [1]
2–3 September 1632 (N.S.) [1]
LocationAlte Veste, southwest of Nürnberg
(present-day Germany)
ResultImperial victory
Belligerents
 Holy Roman Empire
Catholic League (Germany).svg Catholic League
 Sweden
Commanders and leaders
Holy Roman Empire Albrecht von WallensteinSweden Gustavus Adolphus
Strength
43,500 men[2]

44,600 men

30,011 infantry in 37 regiments and 306 companies.
15,419 cavalry in 39 regiments and 263+ companies[3]
Casualties and losses
1,400:[2]
400 killed
1,000 wounded
2,400:[2]
1,000 killed
1,400 killed or wounded

The Battle of the Alte Veste was a significant battle of the Thirty Years' War.

Background

In the late summer of 1632 the army of Swedish King Gustavus Adolphus met Albrecht von Wallenstein near Nürnberg. The successes of Gustavus Adolphus over General Tilly forced Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II to recall Albrecht von Wallenstein into military service from retirement. Wallenstein was unmatched in his ability to raise troops, and within a few weeks he took to the field with a fresh army.

The Imperial Army's ranks swelled as Wallenstein moved to stop the Swedes' advance at Nuremberg. Repeatedly, Gustav Adolf formed for battle and challenged Wallenstein to come out of his fortified camp, but was refused. As the supply situation continued to worsen, the impetuous King grew desperate.