Battle of Sana'a (2017)

Battle of Sana'a
Part of the Yemeni Crisis and the Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)
Battle Of Sana'a.png
Date28 November 2017 – 4 December 2017
(6 days)[4][5]
LocationSana'a, Yemen
Result

Houthi victory[5]

Belligerents

Yemen Supreme Political Council

Yemen Saleh loyalists

Saudi-led coalition:[3]
 Saudi Arabia
 United Arab Emirates
Commanders and leaders
Abdul-Malik al-Houthi
Mohammed Ali al-Houthi
Saleh Ali al-Sammad
Yemen Ali Abdullah Saleh 
Yemen Tareq Saleh (WIA)[8][9]
Yemen Khaled Ali Saleh (POW)
Yemen Aref al-Zouka [1]
Casualties and losses
UnknownUnknown number of killed, 700 soldiers captured[10]
234 killed, 400 wounded overall
(per the ICRC and the UN)[11][12]
between 200 and "thousands" executed by the Houthis
(anti-Houthi claims)[13][14]

The Battle of Sana'a in 2017 was fought between forces loyal to Ali Abdullah Saleh and the Houthis in the Yemeni capital of Sana'a. Both sides were allied during the 2014–15 Houthi takeover of the government but the alliance ended when Saleh decided to break ranks with the Houthis and call for dialogue with Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, who are leading a military intervention against the Houthis which has resulted in human catastrophe. Fighting then broke out between the Houthis and forces loyal to Saleh as the Saudi-led coalition began bombing Houthi areas, ultimately resulting in Saleh's death and a Houthi victory.

Background

The Houthis had formed a tactical alliance with Ali Abdullah Saleh, Yemeni President in 1990-2012, after he was deposed in the 2011 Yemeni revolution to which Houthis themselves had contributed. Houthis were also dissatisfied with the new Yemeni president Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi who was appointed by the Gulf Cooperation Council and didn't let them a share in the government among other reasons. The dissatisfaction turned into widespread protests when Hadi government ordered removal of fuel subsidies. Houthis organized mass protests and advanced into the capital, Sanaa, taking over government buildings to pressure Hadi into concessions but Hadi and his cabinet finally suddenly resigned leaving office in the hands of Houthis. Soon afterwards, the Saudis led a military intervention in Yemen upon Hadi request against Houthis to restore him to power. Houthis and Saleh forces shared administration of the capital and the country since then.

Pro-Saleh forces controlled Southern Sana'a while Houthis were in control of the northern part of the capital.[15] The tactical alliance between Saleh, who was deposed in 2012, and the Houthis has often appeared fragile, with both groups suspicious of each other's ultimate motives and sharing little ideological ground.[16]

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