Battle of Kuala Lumpur

Battle of Kuala Lumpur
Part of Pacific War, World War II
Japanese troops mopping up in Kuala Lumpur.jpg
Japanese troops advancing through Kuala Lumpur.
Date11 January 1942
Location
Result

Japanese victory

Belligerents
 United Kingdom
 Federated Malay States
Twenty-Fifth Army:
Empire of Japan Imperial Guards
Empire of Japan 5th Division
Empire of Japan 18th Division
Empire of Japan 3rd Air Division
Japan 22nd Air Flotilla
Commanders and leaders
Arthur Percival[1]
Lewis Heath
Henry Gordon Bennett
Merton Beckwith-Smith
Tomoyuki Yamashita
Takuma Nishimura
Takuro Matsui
Renya Mutaguchi
Strength
UnknownUnknown
Casualties and losses
UnknownUnknown

The Battle of Kuala Lumpur was a battle between Japanese invasion forces and the British forces in Kuala Lumpur, then capital of the-Federated Malay States, a British protectorate.

Background

Japanese naval aircraft launched the first air raid over Kuala Lumpur on 21 and 22 December 1941. British anti-aircraft guns and RAF aircraft intercepted the attack and shot down one Japanese aircraft and damaged another.[2][3] More raids followed on the 25th and 27th. The last bombing was on 10 January 1942, after Port Swettenham fell.

By 7 January, the northern part of Malaya, including Perlis, Kedah, Kelantan, Terengganu and the Straits Settlement of Penang had fallen into Japanese hands.

After the Battle of Slim River, the Japanese troops' next military objective was Kuala Lumpur. Being the capital of the Federated Malay States it was of utmost importance to the Japanese. Kuala Lumpur by then was also the capital of the State of Selangor. The city was also home to RAF Kuala Lumpur.

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