Battle of Iconium (1190)

Battle of Iconium
Part of the Third Crusade
BattleIconium.jpg
The battle of Iconium, by Hermann Wislicenus (c.1890)
Date18 May 1190
LocationIconium (modern day Konya)
Result

Decisive Crusader victory[1][2]

  • Main Seljuk army routed
  • Sultanate of Rûm's capital city sacked; Crusaders take a massive amount of loot
  • Qutb al-Din replaced by his father, who agrees to let the Germans pass through and sends them hostages
Belligerents
Shield and Coat of Arms of the Holy Roman Emperor (c.1200-c.1300).svg Holy Roman Empire
Kingdom of Hungary (1000–1301) Kingdom of Hungary
Seljuqs Eagle.svg Sultanate of Rûm
Commanders and leaders
Shield and Coat of Arms of the Holy Roman Emperor (c.1200-c.1300).svg Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor
Arms of Swabia.svg Frederick VI, Duke of Swabia
Hungary Arms.svg Prince Géza of Hungary
Přemyslovci erb.svg Děpolt II, Bohemian Noble
Seljuqs Eagle.svg Qutb al-Din
Strength

Shield and Coat of Arms of the Holy Roman Emperor (c.1200-c.1300).svg 12,000–15,000[3]

Hungary Arms.svg 2,000[4]
Larger than the Crusaders[5]
Casualties and losses
UnknownField army:
3,000 killed[6]
Garrison:
all killed or captured
20 nobles taken hostage

The Battle of Iconium (sometimes referred as the Battle of Konya) took place on May 18, 1190 during the Third Crusade, in the expedition of Frederick Barbarossa to the Holy Land. As a result, the capital city of the Sultanate of Rûm fell to the Imperial forces.

Background

After the disastrous Battle of Hattin and the Siege of Jerusalem in 1187, much of the Crusader states had been seized by Saladin's forces. Pope Gregory VIII called for a new crusade to restore the city to Christian hands and help the remaining crusader strongholds. Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor responded to the call immediately. He took up the Cross at Mainz Cathedral on 27 March 1188 and was the first to set out for the Holy Land in May 1189 with an army of 10,000–600,000 men, including 4,000–20,000 knights, according to contemporary accounts.[3][7][8] Most historians think the higher troop estimates are exaggerated and propose 12,000–15,000 men, including 4,000 knights.[3] He was also joined by a contingent of 2,000 men from the Hungarian prince Géza, the younger brother of the king, Béla III of Hungary.