Battle of Chamkaur (1704)

Battle of Chamkaur
Part of Mughal-Sikh Wars
DateDecember 6, 1704

Mughal victory.[1][2]

Alam of the Mughal Empire.svg Mughal EmpireNishan Sahib.svg Khalsa
Commanders and leaders

Alam of the Mughal Empire.svg Emperor Aurangzeb

  • Subedar Wazir Khan
  • General Zabardast Khan
  • General Khwaja Mohammed. (WIA)[3]
  • General Nahar Khan 
  • Mu'nim Khan.[4]
  • General Ghairat Khan 

Nishan Sahib.svg Guru Gobind Singh

Unknown, but much larger[7] (Gobind Singh's Zafarnama metaphorically states that the Mughal soldiers numbered 1 million)42
Casualties and losses
  • General Khwaja Mohammed injured.
  • General Nahar khan killed.
  • General Ghairat Khan killed.
  • Thousands of Mughal soldiers killed.
  • Sahibzada Ajit Singh killed.
  • Sahibzada Jujhar Singh killed.
  • Bhai Mohkam Singh killed.
  • Bhai Himmat Singh killed.
  • Bhai Sahib Singh killed.
  • 33 other Sikh-Soldiers killed[8]
  • The Zafarnama of Guru Gobind Singh

    The Battle of Chamkaur, also known as Battle of Chamkaur Sahib, was fought between the Khalsa led by Guru Gobind Singh and the Mughal forces led by Wazir Khan. Guru Gobind Singh makes a reference to this battle in his victory letter Zafarnama.

    Preamble to the battle

    After Guru Gobind Singh left Anandpur on the night of December 5 and 6, 1704,[9] they crossed the Sarsa river and stopped in Chamkaur. They asked permission of the city chief for shelter to rest for the night in their garhi or haveli. The older brother thought giving him shelter would be dangerous so he refused. But the younger brother gave permission to let them stay there for the night.[10]

    Despite giving assurance of safe conduct, the Mughals soldiers were looking for Guru Gobind Singh, to take his head as a trophy. After learning that the party of Sikhs had taken shelter in the haveli, they laid siege upon it.[10] The actual battle is said to have taken place outside the haveli where the Guru was resting.[10] Negotiations broke down and the Sikh soldiers chose to engage the overwhelming Mughal forces, thus allowing their Guru to escape. A gurmatta or consensus amongst the Sikhs compelled Gobind Singh to obey the will of the majority and escape by a cover of night. It is alleged that the Sikh warriors were able to engage the Mughal troops in majority due to training in the Sikh martial art of Gatka. All the Sikhs guarding the Guru were killed in the battle.