Battle of Cañada

Battle of Cañada
Part of the Taos Revolt
Mexican–American War
A page from Colonel Price's report showing troop movements.
A page from Colonel Price's report showing troop movements.
DateJanuary 24, 1847
LocationSanta Cruz, New Mexico
ResultUnited States victory
Belligerents
United States United StatesMexico Mexico
Commanders and leaders
United States Sterling Price
United States Ceran St. Vrain
Mexico Thomas Ortiz
Mexico Pablo Chavez
Mexico Pablo Montoya
Mexico Jesus Tafoya
Mexico Diego Archuleta [1]
Strength
353[2]:140 [3]1,500[4] to 2,000[2]:140[5]
Casualties and losses
2 killed
7 wounded[2]:140 or 6[6]
36 killed
45 captured[2]:140 or wounded [7]

The Battle of Cañada was a popular insurrection against the American occupation of New Mexico by Mexicans and Pueblo Indians. It took place on January 24, 1847, during the Taos Revolt, a conflict of the Mexican–American War.

Background

Insurgents, Mexicans and Pueblo Indians in New Mexico under the leadership of Chavez, Montoya, Lafoya and Ortiz, assembled a large force at La Canada, intending to march onto the American-held city of Santa Fe.[2]:140 They would be intercepted by the American garrison of Santa Fe, resulting in the battle.[2]:140

Colonel Sterling Price, commander of the U.S. forces in Santa Fe, heard of this insurgent movement on 20 Jan., having intercepted letters from the rebels, and assembled a force of 353 soldiers and militia to march north on 23 Jan., and intercept them.[4][2]:140 Price's force included Capt. McMillin's Company D, Capt. Williams' Company K, Capt. Lack's Company L, Capt. Halley's Company M, and Capt. Barber's Company N, 2d Regiment Missouri Mounted Volunteers, Capt. Agney's battalion of infantry and Capt. St. Vrain's Sante Fe volunteers, and Lt. A.B. Dyer's four mounted howitzers, while Lt. Col. Willock remained behind in command of the capital.[4]

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