Battle of Burki

Battle of Burki
Part of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Date8–11 September 1965[1][2]
Location
31°28′38″N 74°30′45″E / 31°28′38″N 74°30′45″E / 31.4771; 74.5125
Result

Indian victory[3][4]

  • Failure of the Pakistani tank assault and counterattack towards Lahore[3][4]
Belligerents
 India Pakistan
Commanders and leaders
India Har Krishan Sibal
India Anant Singh
Pakistan Raja Aziz Bhatti 
Units involved
18th Cavalry Regiment
5th Gorkha Rifles
17th Punjab Regiment
Strength
1 infantry division[1]
1 armoured regiment[5]
(3 Regiments)
2 Companies of 17th Punjab Regiment
10 F-86 Sabre jets
Casualties and losses
3 tanks[3]88–100 tanks destroyed or abandoned[3]

The Battle of Burki (Barki) was a battle fought by Indian infantry and Pakistani armour in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.[3] Barki is a village that lies south-east of Lahore near the border with Punjab, India.[6] and is connected with Lahore by the Bridge of Ichogil canal. During the fighting, the relative strengths of the two sides were fairly even and Indian infantry clashed with Pakistani forces that were entrenched in pillboxes, dug-outs and slit trenches that had been carved into the canal banks. The Pakistanis were supported with a large number of tanks, as well as fighter jets.[3] The battle resulted in an Indian victory.[3][4]

Background

Pakistan launched Operation Grand Slam on 17 August 1965 in an effort to relieve infiltrators who had been surrounded after the failure of Operation Gibraltar on 15 August and to attempt to cut off the Indian supply lines.[7] With supply lines under severe stress due to Operation Grand Slam, India launched an offensive towards Lahore to open up a second front in the war and distract Pakistani attention from Kashmir.[7] After opening the Lahore front, Indian troops advanced towards Lahore along three axes— Amritsar-Lahore, Khalra-Burki-Lahore and Khem Karan-Kasur roads—overwhelming the small Pakistani force.[8]

Indian infantry, supported by the only Indian armoured division, quickly pushed back unprepared Pakistani defenders with the aim of encircling and possibly besieging Lahore. Due to the element of surprise, India was able to capture a large amount of Pakistani territory from the town of Khalra, an Indian border town which lies on a straight road to Lahore through Burki.[2][3] In the meantime, the Pakistani Army mobilized the troops in the region and mounted a three-pronged counter-attack to recapture lost ground. The Battle of Burki was subsequently fought on Khalra-Burki-Lahore road.[3][8]

Pakistan's main goal was to force the Indian infantry into retreat before their armoured support and supply lines could catch up. The Pakistani Army's aim also was to capture much of the territory it had lost earlier in the fighting.[2] The Indian infantry's aim was to capture and hold the town of Burki until reinforcements, including armour and supplies, could arrive.[1][2][4]

Other Languages