Battle of Belvoir Castle

Battle of Belvoir Castle
Part of the Crusades
DateJuly–August 1182
Location
ResultCrusader victory
Belligerents
Flag of Kingdom of Jerusalem.svg
Kingdom of Jerusalem
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Ayyubids
Commanders and leaders
Baldwin IV of Jerusalem
Baldwin II of Ramla
Balian of Ibelin
Hugh II of Saint Omer
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Saladin
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Farukh-Shah
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Gökböri
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Bektimur
Strength
UnknownUnknown
Casualties and losses
LightLight

In the 1182 campaign and Battle of Belvoir Castle (Kaukab al-Hawa), a Crusader force led by King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem battled with an Ayyubid army from Egypt commanded by Saladin. The Crusaders successfully repelled Saladin's invasion effort. The theatre of operations included Ayla, the Transjordan, Galilee and Beirut.

Background

Saladin was appointed commander of the Syrian troops and vizier of the Fatimid caliph in Egypt in 1169 and established the Ayyubid Sultanate soon after. He slowly began extending his dominion over Muslim emirates in Syria formerly held by Nur ad-Din. In 1177, Saladin mounted a major invasion of the Kingdom of Jerusalem from Egypt and was thoroughly defeated by Baldwin IV (the "Leper King") at the Battle of Montgisard. Henceforth, the Muslim leader learned to respect the young Crusader king's military talents. In 1179, Saladin defeated Baldwin at the Battle of Marj Ayyun in Lebanon.

In 1180, Saladin arranged a truce between himself and two Christian leaders, King Baldwin and Raymond III of Tripoli. But two years later, the lord of the Transjordan fief of Kerak, Reynald of Châtillon, attacked Muslim caravans passing through his lands. Resenting this violation of the truce, Saladin immediately assembled his army and prepared to strike.