Bass guitar

Bass guitar
70's Fender Jazz Bass.png
String instrument
Other namesBass, electric bass guitar, electric bass
ClassificationString instrument (fingered or picked; strummed)
Hornbostel–Sachs classification321.322
(Composite chordophone)
Inventor(s)Paul Tutmarc, Leo Fender
Developed1930s
Playing range
Range contrabass.png
(a standard tuned 4-string bass guitar)
Related instruments
Musicians

The bass guitar (or simply bass) is a plucked string instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric or an acoustic guitar, except with a longer neck and scale length, and typically four to six strings or courses.

The four-string bass is usually tuned the same as the double bass, which corresponds to pitches one octave lower than the four lowest-pitched strings of a guitar (E, A, D, and G). It is played primarily with the fingers or thumb, or striking with a pick. The electric bass guitar has pickups and must be connected to an amplifier and speaker to be loud enough to compete with other instruments.

Since the 1960s, the bass guitar has largely replaced the double bass in popular music "The surf/instrumental rock genres of the early 1960s were crucial proving grounds of the still-newfangled electric bass ..." [1] While types of basslines vary widely from one style of music to another, the bassist usually plays a similar role: anchoring the harmonic framework and establishing the beat. Many styles of music include the bass guitar, and it is occasionally a soloing instrument.

Terminology

According to the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, an "Electric bass guitar [is] a Guitar, usually with four heavy strings tuned E1'-A1'-D2-G2."[2] It also defines bass as "Bass (iv). A contraction of Double bass or Electric bass guitar." According to some authors the proper term is "electric bass".[3][4] Common names for the instrument are "bass guitar", "electric bass guitar", and "electric bass"[citation needed] and some authors claim that they are historically accurate.[5]

The bass guitar is a transposing instrument, as it is notated in bass clef an octave higher than it sounds.[citation needed]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Baskitaar
العربية: غيتار البيس
asturianu: Baxu
azərbaycanca: Bas gitara
беларуская: Бас-гітара
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Бас-гітара
български: Бас китара
bosanski: Bas-gitara
brezhoneg: Gitar-boud
čeština: Basová kytara
Cymraeg: Gitâr fas
eesti: Basskitarr
Ελληνικά: Μπάσο
Esperanto: Basgitaro
فارسی: گیتار بیس
français: Guitare basse
Gaeilge: Dordghiotár
Gàidhlig: Beus-ghiotàr
galego: Baixo
한국어: 베이스 기타
हिन्दी: बेस गिटार
hrvatski: Bas-gitara
Bahasa Indonesia: Gitar bas
interlingua: Basso
עברית: גיטרה בס
Jawa: Gitar bas
ქართული: ბას-გიტარა
latviešu: Basģitāra
lietuvių: Bosinė gitara
Limburgs: Basgitaar
македонски: Бас-гитара
Bahasa Melayu: Gitar bes
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘေ့စ်ဂစ်တာ
Nederlands: Basgitaar
Nedersaksies: Basgitaar
norsk: Bassgitar
norsk nynorsk: Bassgitar
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Bas gitara
română: Chitară bas
русский: Бас-гитара
sicilianu: Bassu (chitarra)
Simple English: Bass guitar
slovenčina: Basová gitara
slovenščina: Bas kitara
ślůnski: Basgitara
српски / srpski: Бас-гитара
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bas-gitara
Türkçe: Bas gitar
українська: Бас-гітара
Tiếng Việt: Guitar bass
粵語: 低音結他
中文: 電貝斯