Bass drum

Bass drum
Bass drum.jpg
A pedal bass drum
Percussion instrument
Hornbostel–Sachs classification211.212.1
(Individual double-skin cylindrical drums)
The drum kit
Drum KitBass drumChina cymbalSnare drumSnare drumFloor tomFloor tomSplash cymbalRide cymbalTomsHi-hatCrash cymbalDrum hardwareDrum hardware
About this image
Not shown
See also
Four-on-the-floor, a steady beat maintained by bass drum[1] About this soundplay within typical rock beat  & About this soundalone 

A bass drum, or kick drum, is a large drum that produces a note of low definite or indefinite pitch. A bass drum is typically cylindrical, with the drum's diameter much greater than the drum's depth. There is normally a struck head at both ends of the cylinder. The heads may be made of calf skin or plastic. There is normally a means of adjusting the tension either by threaded taps or by strings. Bass drums are built in a variety of sizes, but size has little to do with the volume produced by the drum.[2] The size chosen being based on convenience and aesthetics. Bass drums are percussion instruments and vary in size and are used in several musical genres. Three major types of bass drums can be distinguished.

  • The type usually seen or heard in orchestral, ensemble or concert band music is the orchestral, or concert bass drum (in Italian: gran cassa, gran tamburo). It is the largest drum of the orchestra.
  • The kick drum, a term for a bass drum associated with a drum kit. It is struck with a beater attached to a pedal, usually seen on drum kits.
  • The pitched bass drum, generally used in marching bands and drum corps, is tuned to a specific pitch and is usually played in a set of three to six drums.

In many forms of music, the bass drum is used to mark or keep time. The bass drum makes a low, boom sound when the mallet hits the drumhead. In marches, it is used to project tempo (marching bands historically march to the beat of the bass). A basic beat for rock and roll has the bass drum played on the first and third beats of bars in common time, with the snare drum on the second and fourth beats, called backbeats. In jazz, the bass drum can vary from almost entirely being a timekeeping medium to being a melodic voice in conjunction with the other parts of the set.


Bass drums have many synonyms and translations, such as gran cassa (It), grosse caisse (Fr), Grosse Trommel (Ger), and bombo (Sp).[2]

Other Languages
العربية: الطبل الكبير
asturianu: Bombu
български: Бомбо
bosanski: Bas-bubanj
català: Bombo
čeština: Basový buben
dansk: Stortromme
eesti: Suur trumm
Ελληνικά: Μπάσο τύμπανο
español: Bombo
Esperanto: Bastamburo
euskara: Dunbal
فارسی: طبل بزرگ
français: Grosse caisse
galego: Bombo
한국어: 큰북
Bahasa Indonesia: Drum bass
íslenska: Bassatromma
italiano: Grancassa
Nederlands: Bassdrum
Nedersaksies: Bassdrum
日本語: バスドラム
norsk: Stortromme
norsk nynorsk: Basstromme
português: Bumbo
Simple English: Bass drum
slovenčina: Basový bubon
slovenščina: Veliki boben
Soomaaliga: Narso
suomi: Bassorumpu
svenska: Bastrumma
українська: Бас-барабан
Tiếng Việt: Trống trầm
中文: 大鼓