Basque Country (autonomous community)

Basque Country
Euskadia (in Basque)
País Vasco or Euskadi (in Spanish)
Autonomous community of Spain
Autonomous Community of the Basque Country
Euskal Autonomia Erkidegoa b (in Basque)
Comunidad Autónoma del País Vasco (in Spanish)
Flag of Basque Country
Flag
Coat-of-arms of Basque Country
Coat of arms
Anthem:
Eusko Abendaren Ereserkia
Location of the Basque Country community in Spain.
Location of the Basque Country community in Spain.
Coordinates: 42°50′N 2°41′W / 42°50′N 2°41′W / 42.833; -2.683
CountrySpain
Largest cityBilbao
CapitalVitoria-Gasteiz (de facto)
ProvincesÁlava,
Biscay,
Gipuzkoa
Government
 • TypeDevolved government under constitutional monarchy
 • BodyBasque Government
 • Lehendakari (Head of the government)Iñigo Urkullu (EAJ/PNV)
Area
 • Total7,234 km2 (2,793 sq mi)
Area rank14th (1.4% of Spain)
Population (2016)
 • Total2,189,534
 • Density300/km2 (780/sq mi)
 • Rank7th (4.9% of Spain)
Demonym(s)Basque
euskaldun
vasco (m), vasca (f)
Area code+34 94-
ISO 3166 codeES-PV
Statute of Autonomy25 October 1979
Official languagesBasque
Spanish
ParliamentBasque Parliament
Congress19 deputies (of 350)
Senate15 senators (of 266)
WebsiteBasque Government
a. ^ Also Euskal Herria, according to the Basque Statute of Autonomy .
b. ^ Also Euskal Herriko Autonomia Erkidegoa, according to the Basque Statute of Autonomy.

The Basque Country (k/; Basque: Euskadi [eus̺kadi]; Spanish: País Vasco [paˈiz ˈβasko]; French: Pays Basque), officially the Basque Autonomous Community (Basque: Euskal Autonomia Erkidegoa, EAE; Spanish: Comunidad Autónoma Vasca, CAV) is an autonomous community in northern Spain. It includes the Basque provinces of Álava, Biscay and Gipuzkoa.

The Basque Country or Basque Autonomous Community was granted the status of nationality within Spain, attributed by the Spanish Constitution of 1978. The autonomous community is based on the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country, a foundational legal document providing the framework for the development of the Basque people on Spanish soil, although the territory of Navarre was left out and made into a separate autonomous community.

Currently there is no official capital in the autonomous community, but Vitoria-Gasteiz, located in the province of Álava, is where the Basque Parliament, the headquarters of the Basque Government, and the Basque Autonomous Community's President's residence (Ajuria Enea Palace) are located, making it the de facto capital. Whilst Vitoria-Gasteiz is the largest municipality in area, with 277 km2 (107 sq mi), Bilbao (or Bilbo in Basque) is the largest in population, with 353,187 people, located in the province of Biscay within a conurbation of 875,552 people.

The term Basque Country may also refer to the larger cultural region (Basque: Euskal Herria), the home of the Basque people, which includes the autonomous community.

Geography

The following provinces make up the autonomous community:

Features

Txindoki mountain from Lazkaomendi
Basque coast near Mundaka
Rioja vineyards near the Ebro

The Basque Country borders Cantabria and the Burgos province to the west, the Bay of Biscay to the north, France (Nouvelle-Aquitaine) and Navarre to the east and La Rioja (the Ebro River) to the south. The territory has three distinct areas, which are defined by the two parallel ranges of the Basque Mountains. The main range of mountains forms the watershed between the Atlantic and Mediterranean basins. The highest point of the range is in the Aizkorri massif (1551 m). The three areas are:

Atlantic Basin

Formed by many valleys with short rivers that flow from the mountains to the Bay of Biscay, like the Nervión, Urola or Oria. The coast is rough, with high cliffs and small inlets. The main features of the coast are the Bilbao Abra Bay and the Estuary of Bilbao, the Urdaibai estuary and the Bidasoa-Txingudi Bay that forms the border with France.

Middle section

Between the two mountain ranges, the area is occupied mainly by a high plateau called Llanada Alavesa (the Álava Plains), where the capital Vitoria-Gasteiz is located. The rivers flow south from the mountains to the Ebro River. The main rivers are the Zadorra River and Bayas River.

Ebro Valley

From the southern mountains to the Ebro is the so-called Rioja Alavesa, which shares the Mediterranean characteristics of other Ebro Valley zones. Some of Spain's production of Rioja wine takes place here.

Climate

The Basque mountains form the watershed and also mark the distinct climatic areas of the Basque Country: The northern valleys, in Biscay and Gipuzkoa and also the valley of Ayala in Álava, are part of Green Spain, where the oceanic climate is predominant, with its wet weather all year round and moderate temperatures. Precipitation average is about 1200 mm.

The middle section is influenced more by the continental climate, but with a varying degree of the northern oceanic climate. This gives warm, dry summers and cold, snowy winters.

The Ebro valley has a pure continental climate: winters are cold and dry and summers very warm and dry, with precipitation peaking in spring and autumn. Precipitation is scarce and irregular, as low as 300 mm.

Other Languages
አማርኛ: ባስክ ሀገር
Ænglisc: Wascisc Land
aragonés: País Vasco
asturianu: País Vascu
azərbaycanca: Basklar ölkəsi
Bân-lâm-gú: Euskadi
беларуская: Краіна Баскаў
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Краіна Баскаў
Чӑвашла: Баск Ен
español: País Vasco
estremeñu: País Vascu
galego: País Vasco
한국어: 바스크 지방
hornjoserbsce: Baskiska
Ido: Baskia
Bahasa Indonesia: País Vasco
interlingua: Pais Basc
íslenska: Baskaland
italiano: Paesi Baschi
Basa Jawa: País Vasco
къарачай-малкъар: Баскланы джурту
ქართული: ბასკეთი
қазақша: Басктер елі
Kreyòl ayisyen: Peyi basque
Кыргызча: Басктар Өлкөсү
Ladino: Paiz Vasko
Latina: Vasconia
latviešu: Basku Zeme
lietuvių: Baskija
македонски: Баскија
მარგალური: ბასკეთი
Bahasa Melayu: Negara Basque
монгол: Баск орон
日本語: バスク州
norsk nynorsk: Regionen Baskarland
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Basklar mamlakati
پنجابی: باسک دیس
Piemontèis: Pais Basch
polski: Kraj Basków
română: Țara Bascilor
Runa Simi: Yuskadi
shqip: Baskia
sicilianu: Paisi Baschi
slovenčina: Baskicko
slovenščina: Baskija
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Baskija (autonomna zajednica)
Tagalog: País Vasco
tarandíne: Pajèsere Basche
Türkçe: Bask Bölgesi
українська: Країна Басків
Winaray: País Vasco
Lingua Franca Nova: Euscadi