Basket weaving (also basketry or basket making) is the process of
sewing pliable materials into two- or threedimensional artefacts, such as mats or
containers. Craftspeople and artists specialised in making baskets are usually referred to as basket makers and basket weavers.
Basketry is made from a variety of fibrous or pliable materials—anything that will bend and form a shape. Examples include
pine straw, stems, animal hair,
grasses, thread, and fine wooden splints.
Indigenous peoples are particularly renowned for their basket-weaving techniques. These baskets may then be traded for goods but may also be used for
Classified into four types, according to Catherine Erdly:
- "Coiled" basketry
- "Plaiting" basketry
- using materials that are wide and braidlike:
New Zealand flax
- "Twining" basketry
- using materials from
roots and tree
bark. Twining actually refers to a weaving technique where two or more flexible weaving elements ("weavers") cross each other as they weave through the stiffer radial spokes.
- "Wicker" and "Splint" basketry