Barbra Streisand

Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand - 1966.jpg
Streisand in 1966
BornBarbara Joan Streisand
(1942-04-24) April 24, 1942 (age 76)
New York City, U.S.
ResidenceLos Angeles, California, U.S.
EducationErasmus Hall High School
Occupation
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • actress
  • filmmaker
Spouse(s)
Elliott Gould
(m. 1963; div. 1971)

James Brolin
(m. 1998)
ChildrenJason Gould
RelativesRoslyn Kind (maternal half-sister)
Musical career
Genres
InstrumentsVocals
Years active1961–present
LabelsColumbia
Associated acts
Websitebarbrastreisand.com

Barbara Joan Streisand (d/; born April 24, 1942), known professionally as Barbra Streisand, is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and filmmaker. In a career spanning six decades, she has achieved success in multiple fields of entertainment and has been recognized with two Academy Awards,[1] ten Grammy Awards including the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and the Grammy Legend Award,[2] five Emmy Awards including one Daytime Emmy,[3] a Special Tony Award, an American Film Institute award, a Kennedy Center Honors prize,[4] four Peabody Awards,[5] the Presidential Medal of Freedom,[6] and nine Golden Globes.[7] She is among a small group of entertainers who have been honored with an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, and Tony Award – though only three were competitive awards – and is one of only two artists in that group who have also won a Peabody.[8]

After beginning a successful recording career in the 1960s, Streisand ventured into film by the end of that decade. She starred in the critically acclaimed Funny Girl, for which she won the Academy Award and Golden Globe Award for Best Actress.[9] Her other films include The Owl and the Pussycat, The Way We Were, and A Star Is Born, for which she received her second Academy Award, composing music for the love theme "Evergreen", the first woman to be honored as a composer.[10] With the release of Yentl in 1983, Streisand became the first woman to write, produce, direct, and star in a major studio film.[11] The film won an Oscar for Best Score and a Golden Globe for Best Motion Picture Musical; Streisand received the Golden Globe Award for Best Director, the first (and to date only) woman to win that award.

Streisand is one of the best-selling recording artists of all time, with more than 68.5 million albums in the U.S. and with a total of 150 million albums and singles sold worldwide[12][13] making her the best-selling female artist among top-selling artists recognized by the Recording Industry Association of America.[13][14] The RIAA and Billboard recognize Streisand as holding the record for the most top 10 albums of any female recording artist: a total of 34 since 1963. According to Billboard, Streisand holds the record for the female with the most number one albums (11).[15] Billboard also recognizes Streisand as the greatest female of all time on its Billboard 200 chart and one of the greatest artists of all time on its Hot 100 chart.[16][17] Streisand is the only recording artist to have a number-one album in each of the last six decades, having released 53 gold albums, 31 platinum albums, and 14 multi-platinum albums in the United States.[2]

Early life

Family

Barbara Joan Streisand was born on April 24, 1942, in Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of Diana (born Ida Rosen) and Emanuel Streisand. Her mother had been a soprano singer in her youth and considered a career in music, but later became a school secretary.[18] Her father was a high school teacher at the same school, where they first met.[19] Streisand's family was Jewish;[20][21][22] her paternal grandparents emigrated from Galicia (Poland–Ukraine) and her maternal grandparents from the Russian Empire, where her grandfather had been a cantor.[23][24]

Her father earned a master's degree from City College of New York in 1928 and was considered athletic and handsome. As a student, he spent his summers outdoors, once working as a lifeguard and another hitchhiking through Canada. "He'd try anything," his sister Molly said. "He wasn't afraid of anything." He married Ida in 1930, two years after graduating, and became a highly respected educator with a focus on helping underprivileged and delinquent youth.[25]:3

In August 1943, a few months after Streisand's first birthday, her father died suddenly at age 34 from complications from an epileptic seizure, possibly the result of a head injury years earlier.[25]:3 The family fell into near-poverty, with her mother working as a low-paid bookkeeper.[26] As an adult, Streisand remembered those early years as always feeling like an "outcast," explaining, "Everybody else's father came home from work at the end of the day. Mine didn't."[25]:3 Her mother tried to pay their bills but could not give her daughter the attention she craved: "When I wanted love from my mother, she gave me food," Streisand says.[25]:3

Streisand recalls that her mother had a "great voice" and sang semi-professionally on occasion, in her operatic soprano voice. During a visit to the Catskills when Streisand was 13, she told Rosie O'Donnell, she and her mother recorded some songs on tape. That session was the first time Streisand ever asserted herself as an artist, which also became her "first moment of inspiration" as an artist.[27]

She has an older brother, Sheldon, and a half-sister, the singer Roslyn Kind,[28][29][30] from her mother's remarriage to Louis Kind in 1949. Roslyn is nine years younger than Streisand.[31][32]

Education

Streisand began her education at the Jewish Orthodox Yeshiva of Brooklyn when she was five. There, she was considered to be bright and extremely inquisitive about everything; however, she lacked discipline, often shouting answers to questions out of turn.[33][25]:3 She next entered Public School 89 in Brooklyn, and during those early school years began watching television and going to movies. Watching the glamorous stars on the screen, she was soon entranced by acting and now hoped someday to become an actress, partly as a means of escape: "I always wanted to be somebody, to be famous . . .You know, get out of Brooklyn."[25]:3

Streisand became known by others in the neighborhood for her voice. With the other kids she remembers sitting on the stoop in front of their apartment building and singing: "I was considered the girl on the block with the good voice."[25]:3 That talent became a way for her to gain attention. She would often practice her singing in the hallway of her apartment building which gave her voice an echoing quality.[34]

She made her singing debut at a PTA assembly, where she became a hit to everyone but her mother, who was mostly critical of her daughter. Young Streisand was invited to sing at weddings and summer camp, along with having an unsuccessful audition at MGM records when she was nine. By the time she was thirteen, her mother began supporting her talent, helping her make a four-song demo tape, including "Zing! Went the Strings of My Heart," and "You'll Never Know."[25]:4

Although she knew her voice was good and she liked the attention, becoming an actress was her main objective. That desire was made stronger when she saw her first Broadway play, The Diary of Anne Frank, when she was 14. The star in the play was Susan Strasberg, whose acting she wanted to emulate if ever given the chance.[25]:4 To help achieve that goal, Streisand began spending her spare time in the library, studying the biographies of various stage actresses such as Eleanora Duse and Sarah Bernhardt. In addition, she began reading novels and plays, including some by Shakespeare and Ibsen, and also on her own, studied the acting theories of Konstantin Stanislavski and Michael Chekhov.[25]:4

She attended Erasmus Hall High School in Brooklyn in 1955 where she became an honor student in modern history, English, and Spanish. She also joined the Freshman Chorus and Choral Club, where she sang with another choir member and classmate, Neil Diamond.[35] Diamond recalls, "We were two poor kids in Brooklyn. We hung out in the front of Erasmus High and smoked cigarettes." The school was near an art-movie house, and he recalls that she was always aware of the films they were showing, while he wasn't as interested.[36]

During the summer of 1957 she got her first stage experience as a walk-on at the Playhouse in Malden Bridge, New York. That small part was followed by a role as the kid sister in Picnic and one as a vamp in Desk Set.[25]:4 She returned to school in Brooklyn but never took dramatic arts classes, preferring instead to gain some real-world stage experience. To that end, in her second year, she took a night job at the Cherry Lane Theatre in Greenwich Village helping backstage. When she was a senior, she rehearsed for a small part in Driftwood, a play staged in a midtown attic space.[25]:5 Her co-star in Driftwood was Joan Rivers.

She graduated, aged 16, from Erasmus Hall in January 1959, and despite her mother's pleas that she stay out of show business, she immediately set out trying to get roles on the New York City stage.[25]:5 After renting a small apartment on 48th street, in the heart of the theater district, she accepted any job she could involving the stage, and at every opportunity, she "made the rounds" of the casting offices.[25]:5

Other Languages
aragonés: Barbra Streisand
asturianu: Barbra Streisand
azərbaycanca: Barbra Streyzand
беларуская: Барбра Стрэйзанд
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Барбара Страйзанд
brezhoneg: Barbra Streisand
Esperanto: Barbra Streisand
føroyskt: Barbra Streisand
français: Barbra Streisand
Bahasa Indonesia: Barbra Streisand
Kapampangan: Barbra Streisand
Kiswahili: Barbra Streisand
Lëtzebuergesch: Barbra Streisand
lietuvių: Barbra Streisand
македонски: Барбра Страјсенд
Bahasa Melayu: Barbra Streisand
Nederlands: Barbra Streisand
norsk nynorsk: Barbra Streisand
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Barbra Streisand
português: Barbra Streisand
Runa Simi: Barbra Streisand
Simple English: Barbra Streisand
slovenščina: Barbra Streisand
српски / srpski: Барбра Страјсенд
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Barbra Streisand
українська: Барбра Стрейзанд
Tiếng Việt: Barbra Streisand