Barbara W. Tuchman

Barbara W. Tuchman
BornBarbara Wertheim
(1912-01-30)January 30, 1912
New York City
DiedFebruary 6, 1989(1989-02-06) (aged 77)[1]
Greenwich, Connecticut
OccupationWriter, journalist, historian
Period1938–1988 (writer)
SubjectMiddle Ages, Renaissance, American Revolution, Edwardian era, World War I
SpouseLester R. Tuchman (b. 1904, d. 1997)
ChildrenThree daughters
RelativesMaurice Wertheim (father)
Henry Morgenthau Sr.
(maternal grandfather)
Henry Morgenthau, Jr.
(maternal uncle)
Robert M. Morgenthau (cousin)
Jessica Mathews (daughter)

Barbara Wertheim Tuchman (ən/; January 30, 1912 – February 6, 1989) was an American historian and author. She won the Pulitzer Prize twice, for The Guns of August (1962), a best-selling history of the prelude to and the first month of World War I, and Stilwell and the American Experience in China (1971), a biography of General Joseph Stilwell.[2]

Tuchman focused on writing popular history.

Early years

She was born January 30, 1912, the Jewish daughter of the banker Maurice Wertheim and his first wife Alma Morgenthau. Her father was an individual of wealth and prestige, the owner of The Nation magazine, president of the American Jewish Congress, prominent art collector, and a founder of the Theatre Guild.[3] Her mother was the daughter of Henry Morgenthau, Sr., Woodrow Wilson's ambassador to the Ottoman Empire.[3]

Wertheim was influenced at an early age by the books of Lucy Fitch Perkins and G.A. Henty, as well as the historical novels of Alexandre Dumas.[3] She attended the Walden School on Manhattan's Upper West Side.[4] She received her Bachelor of Arts from Radcliffe College in 1933, having studied history and literature.[3]

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