Clockwise from top: UB City, Infosys, Glass house at Lal Bagh, Vidhana Soudha, Shiva statue, Bagmane Tech Park
Clockwise from top: UB City, Infosys, Glass house at Lal Bagh, Vidhana Soudha, Shiva statue, Bagmane Tech Park
Official logo of Bengaluru
Bengaluru is located in Karnataka
Location in Karnataka
Bengaluru is located in India
Bengaluru (India)
Coordinates: 12°59′N 77°35′E / 12°59′N 77°35′E / 12.983; 77.583

Bangalore (r/), officially known as Bengaluru[14] ([ˈbeŋɡəɭuːɾu] (About this soundlisten)), is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. It has a population of over ten million,[8] making it a megacity and the third most populous city and fifth most populous urban agglomeration in India.[15] It is located in southern India on the Deccan Plateau at an elevation of over 900 m (3,000 ft) above sea level, which is the highest among India's major cities.[16]

A succession of South Indian dynasties, the Western Gangas, the Cholas and the Hoysalas, ruled the present region of Bangalore until in 1537 CE, Kempé Gowdā – a feudal ruler under the Vijayanagara Empire – established a mud fort considered to be the foundation of modern Bangalore. In 1638, the Marāthās conquered and ruled Bangalore for almost 50 years, after which the Mughals captured and sold the city to the Mysore Kingdom of the Wadiyar dynasty. It was captured by the British after victory in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799), who returned administrative control of the city to the Maharaja of Mysore. The old city developed in the dominions of the Maharaja of Mysore and was made capital of the Princely State of Mysore, which existed as a nominally sovereign entity of the British Raj.

In 1809, the British shifted their cantonment to Bangalore, outside the old city, and a town grew up around it, which was governed as part of British India. Following India's independence in 1947, Bangalore became the capital of Mysore State, and remained capital when the new Indian state of Karnataka was formed in 1956. The two urban settlements of Bangalore – city and cantonment – which had developed as independent entities merged into a single urban centre in 1949. The existing Kannada name, Bengalūru, was declared the official name of the city in 2006.

Bangalore is sometimes referred to as the "Silicon Valley of India" (or "IT capital of India") because of its role as the nation's leading information technology (IT) exporter.[1][17][18] Indian technological organisations ISRO, Infosys, Wipro and HAL are headquartered in the city. A demographically diverse city, Bangalore is the second fastest-growing major metropolis in India.[19] Bangalore has one of the most highly educated workforces in the world.[20] It is home to many educational and research institutions in India, such as Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Indian Institute of Management (Bangalore) (IIMB), International Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore (IIITB), National Institute of Fashion Technology, Bangalore, National Institute of Design, Bangalore (NID R&D Campus), National Law School of India University (NLSIU) and National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS). Numerous state-owned aerospace and defence organisations, such as Bharat Electronics, Hindustan Aeronautics and National Aerospace Laboratories are located in the city. The city also houses the Kannada film industry.


The name "Bangalore" represents an anglicised version of the Kannada language name, "Bengalūru" ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು [ˈbeŋɡəɭuːru] (About this soundlisten). It is the name of a village near Kodegehalli and was copied by Kempegowda to the city of Bangalore. The earliest reference to the name "Bengalūru" was found in a ninth-century Western Ganga Dynasty stone inscription on a "vīra gallu" (ವೀರಗಲ್ಲು) (literally, "hero stone", a rock edict extolling the virtues of a warrior). In this inscription found in Begur, "Bengalūrū" is referred to as a place in which a battle was fought in 890 CE. It states that the place was part of the Ganga Kingdom until 1004 and was known as "Bengaval-uru", the "City of Guards" in Halegannada (Old Kannada).[21][22]

An apocryphal story recounts that the 12th century Hoysala king Veera Ballala II, while on a hunting expedition, lost his way in the forest. Tired and hungry, he came across a poor old woman who served him boiled beans. The grateful king named the place "benda-kaal-uru" (literally, "town of boiled beans"), which eventually evolved into "Bengalūru".[21][23][24] Suryanath Kamath has put forward an explanation of a possible floral origin of the name, being derived from benga, the Kannada term for Pterocarpus marsupium (also known as the Indian Kino Tree), a species of dry and moist deciduous trees, that grew abundantly in the region.[25]

On 11 December 2005, the Government of Karnataka announced that it had accepted a proposal by Jnanpith Award winner U. R. Ananthamurthy to rename Bangalore to Bengalūru.[26] On 27 September 2006, the Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) passed a resolution to implement the proposed name change.[27] The government of Karnataka accepted the proposal, and it was decided to officially implement the name change from 1 November 2006.[28][29] The Union government approved this request, along with name changes for 11 other Karnataka cities, in October 2014, hence Bangalore was renamed to "Bengaluru" on 1 November 2014.[30][31]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Bangalore
አማርኛ: በንጋሉሩ
العربية: بنغالور
অসমীয়া: বেংগালুৰু
asturianu: Bangalore
azərbaycanca: Banqalor
تۆرکجه: بنقلور
Bân-lâm-gú: Bangalore
беларуская: Бангалор
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Бангалор
भोजपुरी: बंगलौर
български: Бенгалуру
brezhoneg: Bengaluru
буряад: Бенгалуру
català: Bangalore
Cebuano: Bangalore
čeština: Bengalúr
Chi-Chewa: Bangalore
Cymraeg: Bangalore
dansk: Bangalore
Deutsch: Bangalore
dolnoserbski: Bangalore
डोटेली: बेङ्गलोर
eesti: Bangalore
Ελληνικά: Μπανγκαλόρ
español: Bangalore
Esperanto: Bengaluro
euskara: Bangalore
فارسی: بنگلور
Fiji Hindi: Bengaluru
français: Bangalore
Gaeilge: Bangalore
Gàidhlig: Bangalore
galego: Bangalore
ગુજરાતી: બેંગલોર
한국어: 벵갈루루
Hausa: Bengaluru
հայերեն: Բանդալոր
हिन्दी: बंगलौर
hornjoserbsce: Bangalore
hrvatski: Bangalore
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: বাঙ্গালোর
Bahasa Indonesia: Bengaluru
íslenska: Bangalore
italiano: Bangalore
עברית: בנגלור
Basa Jawa: Bangalore
kalaallisut: Bangalore
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು
Kapampangan: Bangalore
ქართული: ბენგალურუ
kernowek: Bengalour
Kiswahili: Bangalore
kurdî: Bangalor
Кыргызча: Бангалор шаары
Latina: Bengalurus
latviešu: Bengalūru
lietuvių: Bengalūras
magyar: Bengaluru
मैथिली: बेङ्गलोर
Malagasy: Bangalore
മലയാളം: ബെംഗളൂരു
Māori: Bangalore
मराठी: बंगळूर
მარგალური: ბანგალორი
Bahasa Melayu: Bangalore
Mirandés: Bangalore
монгол: Бангалор
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘန်ဂလိုမြို့
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Begaluru
Nederlands: Bangalore
नेपाली: बेङ्गलोर
नेपाल भाषा: बेङ्गलूरु
нохчийн: Бангалор
norsk: Bangalore
norsk nynorsk: Bangalore
occitan: Bengaloro
олык марий: Бангалор
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Bangalor
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬੰਗਲੌਰ
پنجابی: بینگلور
پښتو: بنگلور
polski: Bengaluru
português: Bangalore
Qaraqalpaqsha: Bangalor
română: Bengaluru
Runa Simi: Bangalore
русский: Бангалор
संस्कृतम्: बेङ्गळूरु
Scots: Bangalore
sicilianu: Bangaluri
සිංහල: බැංගලෝර්
Simple English: Bengaluru
slovenčina: Bangalúr
slovenščina: Bangalore
ślůnski: Bengaluru
کوردی: بەنگالۆر
српски / srpski: Бангалор
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bangalor
suomi: Bangalore
svenska: Bangalore
Tagalog: Bangalore
татарча/tatarça: Bäñgäluru
తెలుగు: బెంగుళూరు
тоҷикӣ: Бангалор
Türkçe: Bangalore
українська: Бенгалуру
اردو: بنگلور
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Ban'galor
vepsän kel’: Bangalor
Tiếng Việt: Bengaluru
Volapük: Bangalore
Winaray: Bangalore
吴语: 班加罗尔
ייִדיש: באנגאלאר
Yorùbá: Bangalore
粵語: 班加羅爾
中文: 班加羅爾