Bandung

Bandung
ᮘᮔ᮪ᮓᮥᮀ
City
Kota Bandung
Other transcription(s)
 • IndonesianKota Bandung
 • Sundaneseᮊᮥᮒ ᮘᮔ᮪ᮓᮥᮀ
 • DutchStad Bandoeng
Clockwise, from top: Gedung Sate, Grand Mosque of Bandung, Bandung at night, Pasupati Bridge, Merdeka Building
Clockwise, from top: Gedung Sate, Grand Mosque of Bandung, Bandung at night, Pasupati Bridge, Merdeka Building
Flag of Bandung
Flag
Official seal of Bandung
Seal
Nickname(s): Kota Kembang (City of Flowers)
Parijs van Java (Dutch) (Paris of Java)
Motto(s): ᮌᮨᮙᮂ ᮛᮤᮕᮂ ᮝᮤᮘᮝ ᮙᮥᮊ᮪ᮒᮤ (Sundanese)
Bersih Makmur Taat Bersahabat (Indonesian)
(Clean, Prosperous, Devout, Friendly)
Location within West Java
Location within West Java
Bandung is located in Java
Bandung
Bandung
Location in Java and Indonesia
Bandung is located in Indonesia
Bandung
Bandung
Bandung (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 6°54′43″S 107°36′35″E / 6°54′43″S 107°36′35″E / -6.9120; 107.6097
Country Indonesia
RegionJava
Province West Java
Historic residency Priangan Residency
Settled1488
ConsolidatedSeptember 25, 1810
(as Gemeente Bandoeng)
Administrative division8 Sub-city regions
30 Districts
153 Villages
Government
 • BodyBandung City Government
 • MayorRidwan Kamil
 • Vice MayorOded Muhammad Danial
Area
 • Total167.67 km2 (64.74 sq mi)
 • Metro1,876.8 km2 (724.6 sq mi)
Elevation768 m (2,520 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Rank3rd
 • Urban2,575,478
 • Metro8,201,928 (3rd)
Demonym(s)Bandungite
Warga Bandung (id)
Urang Bandung (su)
Demographics
 • Ethnic groupsSundanese
Javanese
Chinese
Arab
 • Religion[1]Islam 91.70%
Protestantism 5.36%
Catholicism 1.95%
Buddhism 0.49%
Hinduism 0.09%
Confucianism 0.03%
Others 0.02%
Time zoneIndonesia Western Time (UTC+7)
Postcodes401xx, 402xx, 406xx
Area code(+62) 22
Registration plateD
HDI

Increase 0.801 (Very High)

Largest district by areaGedebage – 9.58 square kilometres (3.70 sq mi)
Largest district by populationBabakan Ciparay (147,388 – 2015 est)
WebsiteOfficial Portal

Bandung (ŋ/) (Sundanese: ᮘᮔ᮪ᮓᮥᮀ, Indonesian: Bandung, formerly Dutch: Bandoeng), is the capital of West Java province in Indonesia and Greater Bandung made up of 2 municipalities and 38 districts, making it Indonesia's 2nd largest metropolitan area with over 8.5 millions inhabitants listed in the 2015 Badan Pusat Statistik data.[2] It is the nation's third most populous city, with over 2.5 million (2015). Located 768 metres (2,520 feet) above sea level, approximately 140 kilometres (87 miles) south east of Jakarta, Bandung has cooler year-round temperatures than most other Indonesian cities. The city lies on a river basin surrounded by volcanic mountains. This topography provides a natural defense system, which was the primary reason for the Dutch East Indies government's plan to move the colony capital from Batavia (modern-day Jakarta) to Bandung.

The Dutch colonials first established tea plantations around the mountains in the eighteenth century, and a road was constructed to connect the plantation area to the colonial capital Batavia (180 kilometres (112 miles) to the northwest). The Dutch inhabitants of Bandung demanded the establishment of a municipality (gemeente), which was granted in 1906, and Bandung gradually developed into a resort city for plantation owners. Luxurious hotels, restaurants, cafés and European boutiques were opened, hence the city was nicknamed Parijs van Java (Dutch: "The Paris of Java").

After Indonesia declared independence in 1945, the city experienced rapid development and urbanization, transforming Bandung from an idyllic town into a dense 16,500 people/km2 (per square kilometer) metropolitan area, a living space for over 8.5 million people. New sky-scrapers, high-rise buildings, bridges, gardens have been constructed. Natural resources have been heavily exploited, particularly by conversion of protected upland area into highland villas and real estate and, although the city has encountered many problems (ranging from waste disposal and floods to a complicated traffic system and lack of road infrastructure), Bandung still attracts large numbers of tourists, weekend sightseers and migrants from other parts of Indonesia. The city has won a regional environmental sustainability award for having the cleanest air among other major cities in ASEAN countries in 2017.[3] The city has also become known as a Smart City, leveraging technology to improve government services, including social media, that alert the authorities to issues such as floods or traffic jams [4] [5]

The first Asian-African Conference, also known as the Bandung Conference was hosted in Bandung by President Sukarno in 1955. The international airport redevelopment was completed in 2016. To improve infrastructure, the construction of a Jakarta-Bandung High Speed Rail and Bandung Metro Kapsul, a type of indigenous Automated People Mover (APM) will begin in 2018.[6] The new Bandung Kertajati International Airport has been opened in June 2018 with 2,500 meters runway long and only one flight per day to Surabaya.

Geography

Bandung, the capital of West Java province, located about 180 kilometres (110 mi) southeast of Jakarta, is the third largest city in Indonesia. Its elevation is 768 metres (2,520 ft) above sea level and is surrounded by up to 2,400 metres (7,900 feet) high Late Tertiary and Quaternary volcanic terrain.[7] The 400 km2 flat of central Bandung plain is situated in the middle of 2,340.88 square kilometres (903.82 sq mi) wide of the Bandung Basin; the basin comprises Bandung, the Cimahi city, part of Bandung Regency, part of West Bandung Regency, and part of Sumedang Regency.[8] The basin's main river is the Citarum; one of its branches, the Cikapundung, divides Bandung from north to south before it merges with Citarum again in Dayeuhkolot. The Bandung Basin is an important source of water for potable water, irrigation and fisheries, with its 6,147 million m3 (217.1 billion cu ft) of groundwater being a major reservoir for the city.[8] The northern section of Bandung is hillier than other parts of the city, and the distinguished truncated flat-peak shape of the Tangkuban Perahu volcano (Tangkuban Perahu literally means 'upside-down boat') can be seen from the city to the north. Long-term volcanic activity has created fertile andisol soil in the north, suitable for intensive rice, fruit, tea, tobacco and coffee plantations. In the south and east, alluvial soils deposited by the Cikapundung river predominate.

Geological data shows that the Bandung Basin is located on an ancient volcano, known as Mount Sunda, erected up to 3,000–4,000 metres (9,800–13,100 feet) during the Pleistocene age.[9] Two large-scale eruptions took place; the first formed the basin and the second (est. 55,000 Before Present) blocked the Citarum river, turning the basin into a lake known as "the Great Prehistoric Lake of Bandung".[10] The lake drained away; for reasons which are the subject of ongoing debate among geologists.[11][12]

Other Languages
Acèh: Bandung
Afrikaans: Bandoeng
العربية: باندونغ
تۆرکجه: باندونگ
বাংলা: বানদুং
Bahasa Banjar: Kuta Bandung
Bân-lâm-gú: Bandung
Basa Banyumasan: Kota Bandung
беларуская: Бандунг
български: Бандунг
буряад: Бандунг
català: Bandung
čeština: Bandung
Cymraeg: Bandung
dansk: Bandung
Deutsch: Bandung
Ελληνικά: Μπαντούνγκ
español: Bandung
Esperanto: Bandungo
euskara: Bandung
فارسی: باندونگ
français: Bandung
Frysk: Bandûng
galego: Bandung
한국어: 반둥
Hausa: Bandung
Հայերեն: Բանդունգ
हिन्दी: बानदुंग
hrvatski: Bandung
Bahasa Indonesia: Kota Bandung
italiano: Bandung
עברית: באנדונג
Basa Jawa: Kutha Bandhung
kalaallisut: Bandung
ქართული: ბანდუნგი
қазақша: Бандуң
Kiswahili: Bandung
Кыргызча: Бандунг шаары
Latina: Bandung
latviešu: Banduna
lietuvių: Bandungas
magyar: Bandung
Malagasy: Kota Bandung
Māori: Bandung
मराठी: बांडुंग
Bahasa Melayu: Bandung
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘန်ဒေါင်းမြို့
Nederlands: Bandung
日本語: バンドン
нохчийн: Бандунг
norsk: Bandung
norsk nynorsk: Bandung
پنجابی: بنڈونگ
polski: Bandung
português: Bandung
română: Bandung
русский: Бандунг
Scots: Bandung
shqip: Bandung
slovenščina: Bandung
српски / srpski: Бандунг
Basa Sunda: Kota Bandung
suomi: Bandung
svenska: Bandung
Tagalog: Bandung
தமிழ்: பண்டுங்
Türkçe: Bandung
українська: Бандунг
اردو: بندونگ
vepsän kel’: Bandung
Tiếng Việt: Bandung
Winaray: Bandung
粵語: 萬隆
中文: 萬隆
Bahasa Hulontalo: Kota Bandung